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World disasters report 2007 : focus on discrimination

KLYNMAN, Yvonne
KOUPPARI, Nicholas
MUKHIER, Mohammed
Eds
2007

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This comprehensive resource examines how vulnerable groups including people with disabilities, women and girls, the elderly, and minority groups are further marginalised in disaster situations. This work examines the extent to which these groups are overlooked domestically, regionally and globally. The aim is to stimulate debate and encourage governments and relief agencies to reassess their emergency plans and improve access for all

State of disabled peoples' rights in Kenya (2007) report

AFRICAN UNION OF THE BLIND (AFUB)
2007

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The purpose of this report is to increase awareness on national disability legislation in Kenya and, specifically, to monitor the human rights of disabled people. The research featured stems from two projects initiated by the African Union of the Blind and the Disability Rights Promotion International Project. The aim of this report is to provide disabled peoples organisations in Kenya with the information required to expand their advocacy work on disability rights. This accessible resource is useful for anyone with an interest in disability, development and the convention on the rights of persons with disabilities

Ruined lives : segregation from society in Argentina's psychiatric asylums|A report on human rights and mental health in Argentina

MENTAL DISABILITY RIGHTS INTERNATIONAL (MDRI)
CENTER FOR LEGAL AND SOCIAL STUDIES (CELS)
2007

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This resource documents human rights abuses against almost 25,000 people detained in Argentina's psychiatric institutions. It argues that large-scale institutionalisation and the accompanying abuses are due, to decades of investment in segregated institutions rather than developing necessary community-based mental health care services and support

Neglected diseases : a human rights analysis

HUNT, Paul
et al
2007

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This report introduces and explores some of the connections between neglected tropical diseases (those affecting people living in developing countries, particularly in rural areas) and human rights with a view to urging all parties concerned to work collaboratively in identifying the practical implications of applying human rights to the design, implementation, monitoring and evaluation of policies, programmes and projects for neglected diseases

Baseline report

INDIAN INTIATIVE OF CHILD CENTRED HIV/AIDS APPROACH (IICCHAA)
2007

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This baseline survey was carried out rural and urban areas of three states in India; Jharkhand, Madhya Pradesh and West Bengal, to understand the situation and assess the needs of children in two age groups: five to 10, and 10+ to 18. It was conducted through interviews with children and their parents and focus group discussions with school teachers, health workers, people belonging to faith based organisations and community leaders. The data collected were used as the baseline for an initiative to address the psychosocial needs of children affected by HIV and AIDS

World disaster report 2007

KLYNMAN, Yvonne
KOUPPARI, Nicholas
MUKHIER, Mohammed
Eds
2007

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This edition of World Disaster Report focuses on the heightened vulnerability and discrimination experienced by marginalised groups, in disaster situations. Specifically, it explores how and why certain groups are more vulnerable than others. The purpose is to stimulate debate, and encourage humanitarian organisations and governments to reassess emergency plans

Hear our voices : a global report

INCLUSION INTERNATIONAL
November 2006

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In this resource, intellectually disabled people and their families speak out about social exclusion and poverty. The broader scope of this work is to understand why this group has not managed to benefit from the millennium development goals and examine regional barriers to change. This document concludes with a set of recommendations and best practices from NGOs, civil society members and government officials. This resource would be useful for anyone with an interest in social exclusion disability and development

Child-headed households and human rights : a capacity building guide

HULLEY, Charlotte
November 2006

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"The book is aimed at providing information and ideas to help build stronger more sustainable [civil society organisations] CSOs and [community-based organisations] CBOs, in order to tackle the issues related to child-headed households and violence... Its objectives are to: * Strengthen the protection and care of vulnerable children through human rights education relating to social justice issues; * Enable users of this book to develop an understanding and respect for vulnerable children’s rights and responsibilities as citizens; * Enable CSOs and CBOs to challenge and develop action plans and to develop policies to advocate change locally; and * Emphasise the holistic support of children within a rights-based model of support. This model focuses on the whole child and promotes the effective realisation of their rights"

Social movements and chronic poverty across the urban-rural divide : concepts and experiences

MITLIN, Diana
BEBBINGTON, Anthony
September 2006

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"This paper develops a series of arguments regarding the contribution of social movements to the reduction of chronic poverty in both urban and rural social contexts...The summary is divided into three sections addressing: the relevance of social movements to the chronically poor; social movements and the representation of the chronically poor; and the interaction between the state and movements of the poor, with a special focus on the influence of social movements on policy and politics...[the] discussion suggests that the power of social movements lies less in their ability to influence the specifics of policies and programmes, and rather more in their capacity to change the terms in which societies debate poverty and social change, and to influence the types of development and policy alternatives that are considered legitimate in a given social and political context"

Social movements and the politicization of chronic poverty policy

BEBBINGTON, Anthony
August 2006

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"This paper reviews the roles of social movements in addressing chronic poverty. It focuses on three domains in which such movements might influence chronic poverty. First, it discusses their roles in challenging the institutions, social structures and political economy dynamics that underlie chronic poverty. In this domain, movements can play potential roles in changing the conditions under which accumulation occurs and attacking relationships of adverse incorporation. They can also change the relationships that underlie processes of social exclusion. Second, movements have played important roles in the cultural politics surrounding chronic poverty. They have helped change dominant meanings associated with poverty, and influenced the ways in which the poor are thought of in society. Third, in some instances movements - and in particular social movement organisations - have direct impacts on the assets that poor people own and control... Social movements' main contribution is, perhaps, that they politicize debates on chronic poverty"

Tackling social exclusion in health and education : case studies from Asia

GARDENER, Janet
SUBRAHMANIAN, Ramya
July 2006

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This paper draws together some of the lessons from a study to identify ways of tackling social exclusion through promising practices in health and education in the Asia region. It uncovers some of the processes through which ethnic minorities, disadvantaged castes, the ultra-poor, women and migrants have been excluded; outlines the ways in which projects have identified social exclusion and found ways to realign incentives for greater inclusion; and seeks to draw programmatic lessons for the design and implementation of more effective responses

HIV and AIDS treatment education : a critical component of efforts to ensure universal access to prevention, treatment and care

UNAIDS INTER AGENCY TASK TEAM (IATT) ON EDUCATION
June 2006

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The expansion of access to ART is significantly improving the lives of people living with HIV and the wellbeing of communities affected by the epidemic. However, stigmatization and discrimination and poor adherence threaten to weaken the full potential of drug treatment and medical care. This paper looks at the contribution that treatment education can make to maximise the impact of greater ART accessibility and improved care provision. It takes a wide-ranging approach to education, which should include treatment literacy, advocacy and community mobilisation. It takes the view that treatment preparedness can only be achieved through the full involvement of people living with HIV/AIDS. An effective strategy will also rely on inter-sectoral collaboration between governments, the education sector, civil society and development organizations. It argues that the success of interventions will depend on their gender-responsiveness, and in their ability to adopt participatory and interactive methods, targeting different groups and settings in a culturally sensitive manner

Normalising testing : normalising AIDS

CAMERON, Edwin
June 2006

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This is an abridged version of a speech made as a tribute to Ronald Louw Memorial Campaign at the launch of a campaign called 'Get Tested, Get Treated'. It suggests that stigma, discrimination and unnecessary suffering can be combatted by supporting the normalisation of AIDS, which in turn would encourage earlier diagnosis. The author calls for the re-medicalisation of the diagnosis of HIV, and advocates for routine HIV testing as long as three conditions are met: i) ART is avalable; ii) diagnosis of positive status doesn't lead to discrimination; iii) confidentiality is guaranteed. This brief article makes a valuable contribution to the debate around HIV testing, stigma and issues of confidentiality

Indigenous women working towards improved maternal health : Ratanakiri Province, Cambodia

HEALTH UNLIMITED
May 2006

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This publication, part of the Action Research to Advocacy Initiative (ARAI) project, contains a summary of the research report 'Crossing the river and getting to the other side' (phase 1of the project) and a review of a series of a advocacy workshops for stakeholders (phase 2). The research assessed the maternal health situation in Ratanakiri, considering the policy environment and indigenous perspectives on maternal health priorities. The study found that access to health services is hampered by lack of money, absence of affordable transport, lack of care services, discrimination, lack of social support, traditional beliefs and inability to speak the official language. These findings were shared with stakeholders through a series of workshops design to develop advocacy capacity and skills. Stakeholders identified priority issues and developed an advocacy action plan. These meetings are described in some detail and insightful lessons learned are presented

HIV and AIDS treatment education technical consultation report

UNITED NATIONS EDUCATIONAL, SCIENTIFIC AND CULTURAL ORGANIZATION (UNESCO)
WORLD HEALTH ORGANIZATION (WHO)
March 2006

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This is a report on a technical consultation on treatment education held in Paris November 22-23, 2005, which aimed to assess the current state of HIV treatment literacy and community preparedness, identify needs and recommend strategies for the future. The effectiveness of antiretroviral therapy (ART) and medical care relies on timely HIV testing and treatment adherence. Treatment education interventions addressing issues of stigma and complacency, have been shown to contribute to a wider uptake of testing services and to improve adherence to ART. The report calls for an integrated and synergetic collaboration between all stakeholders, including people with HIV, and for the adoption of a participatory, person-centred approach. It also acknowledges that while there is a wealth of initiatives aimed at improving community preparedness, there is also a need to scale up programmes that have shown to work. The report concludes with a number of key recommendations for future activities. Those include: providing support to partnership and inter-sectoral collaborations; integrating treatment education across HIV education programmes and health systems; differentiating and customising approaches according to settings and audiences; involving affected communities and individuals; monitoring and evaluating treatment education initiatives

Using social transfers to improve human development

DEPARTMENT FOR INTERNATIONAL DEVELOPMENT (DFID)
February 2006

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This note provides an introduction to how social transfers - particularly cash transfers and vouchers - can improve human development, particularly for the extreme poor and socially excluded

Better policies, better outcomes : promoting the mainstreaming of social inclusion

MAINSTREAMING SOCIAL INCLUSION (MSI)
February 2006

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This study explores the growing importance of poverty and social exclusion within the European Union policy framework and how policy development can be assessed in relation to the way governments mainstream social inclusion into public policies. In the context of drafting the National Action Plans against poverty and social exclusion (NAPs/inclusion) and the implementation of policy commitments to eradicating poverty and promoting social inclusion, the work has developed a proposed framework for the evaluation of how Member States give a poverty perspective to their policy objectives

Living on the outside : key findings and recommendations on the nature and impact of HIV/AIDS-related stigma

HEALTH AND DEVELOPMENT NETWORKS (HDNET)
AIDS-CARE-WATCH CAMPAIGN
2006

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This publication presents an overview of discussions, evidence and proposals contributed to the Stigma-AIDS eForurm by both experts and people living with HIV and AIDS, and moderated by Health and Development Networks (HDNet). Three major areas are covered: HIV stigma and place, including the work place, health care services and religious settings; HIV stigma and people living with HIV/AIDS, addressing self-stigma and injection drug users; HIV stigma and society, with a focus on the role of the media. Each topic includes a brief commentary and sets out specific recommendations. It is aimed at individuals, organisations and policy makers willing to learn about practical approaches to reduce HIV/AIDS-related stigma

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