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WHO handbook on indoor radon : a public health perspective

ZEEB, Hajo
SHANNOUN, Ferid
2009

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This handbook focuses on residential radon exposure from a public health point of view and provides detailed recommendations on reducing health risks from radon and policy options for preventing and mitigating radon exposure. The material reflects the epidemiological evidence that indoor radon exposure is responsible for a substantial number of lung cancers in the general population

Joining hands: integrating gender and HIV/AIDS: report of an ACORD project using Stepping Stones in Angola, Tanzania and Uganda

HADJIPATERAS, Angela
et al
July 2007

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This is the report of a two-year project to reduce the vulnerability of women and girls in Africa to HIV and AIDS, using Stepping Stones - a gender-focused participatory process that involves working closely with peer groups. The project's other objectives were to: build the capacity of local structures to respond; promote community responses through effective partnerships and advocacy actions; and find out whether Stepping Stones could be used effectively in unconventional settings with a range of population groups such as the nomadic Mucubai tribe in Southern Angola, internally displaced people living in camps in Northern Uganda, and the 21st Battalion of the Angolan armed forces. Key findings include: improvements in the level of knowledge and understanding of HIV/AIDS and increased communication around sexual issues and between couples and within communities, across all three countries, as well as an increased sense of community responsibility for HIV and AIDS. In addition there was patchy evidence of stigma reduction and some reduction in risky cultural and sexual practices. Although increased respect for women, including self respect and a reduction in gender violence was also noted, female subordination in decision making and control over resources remains. Stepping Stones was on the whole considered to be adaptable for use in a wide range of contexts although more thought was needed to develop effective strategies to combat obstacles when using this process in some circumstances

Guide to monitoring and evaluation of the national response for children orphaned and made vulnerable by HIV/AIDS

UNITED NATIONS CHILDREN'S FUND (UNICEF)
February 2005

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One of the major challenges facing governments, international organisations and non-governmental organisations in their responses to children made vulnerable by HIV and AIDS is the lack of data on the quality and effectiveness of their interventions. This document provides guidance to these institutions in the monitoring and evaluation of the national response for children orphaned and made vulnerable by HIV and AIDS. It includes methods and tools for measurement at the national level. The guide is organised into two parts. The first discusses issues relevant to the general monitoring and evaluation of orphans and other children made vulnerable by HIV and AIDS and the second part provides specific guidance in the use of the recommended indicators

The 'Three Ones' in action : where we are and where we go from here

JOINT UNITED NATIONS PROGRAMME ON HIV/AIDS (UNAIDS)
February 2005

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This report looks at progress on applying the "Three Ones" principles to the end of 2004. The principles are: one agreed AIDS action framework; one national AIDS coordinating authority; and one agreed country-level monitoring and evaluation system. The report provides an assessment of progress so far, and then considers lessons learned, identifies challenges and suggests opportunities for overcoming these challenges. While this preliminary report is not comprehensive, it is a useful step in addressing how we can make optimal use of the limited resources available for tackling the AIDS pandemic.

The Synergy APDIME program management toolkit : resources for HIV/AIDS program managers

SYNERGY PROJECT
2005

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This CD-ROM and website present a toolkit developed by USAID's Synergy Project to support programme designers and managers in HIV prevention, care and support worldwide. It includes tools such as worksheets, budget templates, survey instruments, data and software produced by a variety of organisations working on these issues. APDIME stands for the stages in the programming cycle: Assessment, Planning, Design, Implementation monitoring, and Evaluation

National AIDS programmes : a guide to indicators for monitoring and evaluating national antiretroviral programmes

WORLD HEALTH ORGANIZATION (WHO)
2005

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This document is intended to inform the main M&E efforts at the national level by HIV/AIDS programme managers. It should be noted, however, that many of the data necessary for calculating the indicators originate from health facilities. The manual is therefore also of value to programme managers or programme planners in the development of indicators to be used at more local levels. In particular the document can help to align local M&E strategies with the national framework, facilitating the flow of necessary data from the local to the regional and national levels

Building monitoring, evaluation and reporting systems for HIV/AIDS programs

MCCOY, Lynn
NGARI, Patricia Njeri
KRUMPE, Edwin E
2005

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This manual is for use by NGOs working in HIV and AIDS, and aims to assist them monitor, evaluate and report on the progress and delivery of their programmes. MER (monitoring, evaluation and reporting) is often seen as a time-consuming and expensive activity, with limited benefits to the programmes themselves. This resource is designed to provide simple, affordable, efficient and useful tools and ideas to enable organisations to enhance effectiveness and make an efficient use of their resources. Adopting a result-based approach to MER, this publication discusses key principles, suggests indicators and illustrates in some detail monitoring, evaluation and reporting activities. Each chapter includes activity worksheets to help the readers apply the content to their context and programme

HIV/AIDS and human rights in a nutshell

ROSEMAN, Mindy Jane
et al
December 2004

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This is a quick guide to human rights in the context of HIV and AIDS. It is divided into three sections, defining issues and providing examples relating to accountability, advocacy and approaches to programming. A fourth section brings together key resources for further reading

PLACE in Central Asia : a regional strategy to focus AIDS prevention in Almaty and Karaganda, Kazakhstan; Osh, Kyrgyzstan; Tashkent, Uzbekistan. 2002

MEASURE EVALUATION
July 2004

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The PLACE method is designed to expose sexual and injection drug use networks, identify sites where high-risk populations overlap and help focus interventions where they are most needed. This report presents both a baseline assessment of HIV/AIDS risks and an evaluation of condom promotion programmes in four cities in Central Asia. The report shows that sexual and drug use networks are extensive and diffuse. The rate of new partnership formation is also very high, and the use of condoms with new partners is "quite high". Injection drug use is common, and needles are often shared. The report calls for programmes and interventions to concentrate their efforts on sites at high risk, where there is an overlap of high-risk populations (people meeting new partners, youth, injection drug users, sex workers)

A description of the selected interventions for the care of orphans and vulnerable children in Botswana, South Africa and Zimbabwe

DLAMINI, Phetsile K
2004

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This report contributes to phase one of a research programme which explores the social, political, economic and systemic determinants that affect vulnerability to HIV. This report documents existing interventions to gain more in-depth knowledge of interventions at grassroots level, identify their strengths and weaknesses, and consider opportunities and threats; analyse and assess the outcomes of such interventions and whether objectives were met, including the impact on vulnerable children, their families and communities, considering nutritional and education status, and psychosocial well-being; ascertain the level of awareness around HIV and AIDS, and especially of prevention strategies and care

Immunization in practice : a guide for health workers

WORLD HEALTH ORGANIZATION (WHO)
2004

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Contents: Module 1. Target diseases -- module 2. The vaccines -- module 3. The cold chain -- module 4. Ensuring safe injections -- module 5. Planning immunization session to reach every infant -- module 6. Holding an immunization session -- module 7. Monitoring and using you data -- module 8. Building community support for immunization

Monitoring the declaration of commitment on HIV/AIDS : guidelines on construction of indicators

JOINT UNITED NATIONS PROGRAMME ON HIV/AIDS (UNAIDS)
May 2003

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The purpose of these guidelines is to provide National AIDS Councils (or equivalent) with technical guidance on how to measure the core indicators for the implementation of the Declaration of Commitment on HIV/AIDS, adopted by Member States of the United Nations during the United Nations General Assembly Special Session on HIV/AIDS in June 2001. These guidelines provide technical guidance on the detailed specifications of the core indicators, on the information required and the basis of their construction, and on their interpretation. The guidelines also aim to maximize the validity, internal consistency and comparability across countries and over time of the indicator estimates obtained. In particular, the guidelines aim to ensure consistency in the types of data and methods of calculation employed

Making a difference : indicators to improve children's environmental health. Summary

BRIGGS, David
2003

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Study commissioned to develop a set of indicators on children's environmental health with the purpose of providing a basis for assessing environmental risks to children's health; acting as a basis for monitoring and evaluating the effectiveness of national and international initiatives; and providing a template for developing other indicators according to need. This summary provides an introduction to the indicators, outlines the principles and concepts behind the choice, presents simplified models of each issue highlighting the factors of key concern, and lists the core indicators that should be developed in each case

National AIDS Councils : monitoring and evaluation operations manual

WILSON, David
2002

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Designed as a practical toolkit and road map for practitioners to use in designing and implementing programme monitoring and evaluation (M&E). The manual introduces key concepts; presents simple, clear procedures, with a checklist of the process, timing and costs of building participatory programme M&E for National AIDS Councils (NACs); and offers key tools that implementing partners need for M&E. The manual emphasizes the development of the overall M&E system, in relation to the National Strategic Plan, and the monitoring of services provided through NACs and their implementing partners. Offers a page of 'further resources' available through UNAIDS, FHI and CDC

Evaluating programs for HIV/AIDS prevention and care in developing countries : a handbook for program managers and decision makers

REHLE, Thomas
et al
2002

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This handbook contains a comprehensive discussion of evaluation approaches and methodologies for HIV prevention and care programmes. Its premise is that evaluation is an integral part of any programme from initial planning onward. Section I discusses concepts and approaches to evaluation and suggests an evaluation strategy design. Section II describes operational approaches for evaluating programmes concerned with promotion of behavioural change, infection control, condom use, voluntary counselling and testing, and people living with HIV or AIDS (PLWHA). Section III focuses on methodologies for measuring behavioural trends while section IV addresses evaluation issues of programme impact assessment and cost-effectiveness analysis. This publication is designed for use by programme managers and decision makers

Approaches to caring for children orphaned by AIDS and other vulnerable children : essential elements for a quality service

LOENING-VOYSEY, Heidi
WILSON, Theresa
February 2001

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This research study examines responses to the care of orphaned children. The goal of the study is to develop policy recommendations for the care of orphans and vulnerable children (OVC) in South Africa. It complements a partner study into the cost effectiveness of care. Here quality care is that which meets the needs of children in a culturally acceptable way and enables them to realise their rights. It examines a variety of approaches to care from formal to non-formal ways and examples, and case studies are looked at in order to evaluate quality. Conclusions and recommendations are made around the continuum of approaches for the care of OVC, the capacity of households to care for OVC, mobilising communities to care for OVC, and providing a safety net for OVC

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