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Participatory monitoring and evaluation of community- and faith-based programs : a step-by-step guide for people who want to make HIV and AIDS services and activities more effective in their community

September 2006

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This guide adopts a learning approach to participatory monitoring and evaluation of HIV and AIDS programmes, and sees programme achievements and problems as a means to better decison-making. It provides a comprehensive overview of monitoring and evaluation processes, from planning to indicators selection, baselines definition and report writing. The process is outlined in simple and practical steps. Includes a chapter on participatory methods and tools and a list of useful HIV and AIDS programmes indicators. This publication is primarily intended for community- and faith-based programme managers and group facilitators

Perceptions and practice : an anthology of impact assessment experiences

SAYCE, Kay
NORRISH, Patricia
2006

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This book presents eleven case studies of impact assessment in information and communication projects such as CATIA, Reflect's ICT projects in India, Tearfund's Footsteps project, Bernard van Leer Foundation's Effectiveness Initiative and others. Each case study begins with a summary of the study, followed by first-hand accounts of the key people involved in each assessment. The central issues raised by the studies include learning and accountability, attribution, context, communication, donor issues, resources, and planning. The case studies are bracketted by sensitive and analytical introductory and concluding chapters, which synthesize the practitioners' voices from the case studies, contextualise them in wider debates in development impact assessment, evaluation and learning

Getting ready : findings from the National School Readiness Indicators Initiative. A 17 State partnership

RHODE ISLAND KIDS COUNT
Ed
February 2005

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This is a comprehensive report on school readiness indicators. The report explores why school readiness is important, and identifies core indicators in relation to children's development, families, communities and services. It also looks at indicators in relation to policy making and provides a sampling of policy options. The focus is on the US experience but findings and indicators can be adapted and applied to other contexts

Guide to monitoring and evaluation of the national response for children orphaned and made vulnerable by HIV/AIDS

UNITED NATIONS CHILDREN'S FUND (UNICEF)
February 2005

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One of the major challenges facing governments, international organisations and non-governmental organisations in their responses to children made vulnerable by HIV and AIDS is the lack of data on the quality and effectiveness of their interventions. This document provides guidance to these institutions in the monitoring and evaluation of the national response for children orphaned and made vulnerable by HIV and AIDS. It includes methods and tools for measurement at the national level. The guide is organised into two parts. The first discusses issues relevant to the general monitoring and evaluation of orphans and other children made vulnerable by HIV and AIDS and the second part provides specific guidance in the use of the recommended indicators

National AIDS programmes : a guide to indicators for monitoring and evaluating national antiretroviral programmes

WORLD HEALTH ORGANIZATION (WHO)
2005

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This document is intended to inform the main M&E efforts at the national level by HIV/AIDS programme managers. It should be noted, however, that many of the data necessary for calculating the indicators originate from health facilities. The manual is therefore also of value to programme managers or programme planners in the development of indicators to be used at more local levels. In particular the document can help to align local M&E strategies with the national framework, facilitating the flow of necessary data from the local to the regional and national levels

Ensuring equitable access to antiretroviral treatment for women : WHO/UNAIDS policy statement

WORLD HEALTH ORGANIZATION (WHO)
2005

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This policy brief identifies actions needed to address the gender dimensions of equity in access to ART. It identifies four key areas: development of a supportive policy environment; strengthening health systems to make them more responsive to the specific needs of women and men; promotion of programmes that overcome obstacles to equitable access; development of benchmarks and indicators to measure progress. This brief addresses each area in turn

Matrix of five types of ECD HIV/AIDS interventions, suggested outcome indicators, and comments

WORLD BANK
2004

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This is a matrix of the five recommended types of Early Childhood Development (ECD) and HIV and AIDS interventions. It includes suggestions of delivery services to young children, education and support for families and caregivers, training and support of care providers, sensitisation through the mass media and community mobilisation. It provides indicators and comments for each of these categories and is a useful overview of the key interventions which could take place in this field

Criteria for the evaluation of public action taking place within networks

ROELEFS, Marcoen
2004

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Paper focuses on what norms are appropriate to the evaluation of public action when this takes place in a network? It argues that the Dutch Government increasingly collaborates with other actors (public and/or private), not only in the execution but also in the elaboration of policies. If this is the case, it is not useful to evaluate public action as if it were undertaken in a vertical one-way model. However, one has to account for this kind of public action from the same basic values that apply to the whole public sector: democratic accountability, compliance with the rules, realisation of goals with a good cost effectiveness. It formulates seven norms that do take into account the particularities of public action within a network

Monitoring the declaration of commitment on HIV/AIDS : guidelines on construction of indicators

JOINT UNITED NATIONS PROGRAMME ON HIV/AIDS (UNAIDS)
May 2003

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The purpose of these guidelines is to provide National AIDS Councils (or equivalent) with technical guidance on how to measure the core indicators for the implementation of the Declaration of Commitment on HIV/AIDS, adopted by Member States of the United Nations during the United Nations General Assembly Special Session on HIV/AIDS in June 2001. These guidelines provide technical guidance on the detailed specifications of the core indicators, on the information required and the basis of their construction, and on their interpretation. The guidelines also aim to maximize the validity, internal consistency and comparability across countries and over time of the indicator estimates obtained. In particular, the guidelines aim to ensure consistency in the types of data and methods of calculation employed

Transport for all : what should we measure?

RICKERT, Tom
2003

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Environmental factors are addressed in this paper in regard to accessibility. Asking questions alone raises awareness about access effectively. Including disabled people themselves in decision-making is essential and leads to empowerment, better planning of the urban development and relevant evaluation indicators

Making a difference : indicators to improve children's environmental health. Summary

BRIGGS, David
2003

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Study commissioned to develop a set of indicators on children's environmental health with the purpose of providing a basis for assessing environmental risks to children's health; acting as a basis for monitoring and evaluating the effectiveness of national and international initiatives; and providing a template for developing other indicators according to need. This summary provides an introduction to the indicators, outlines the principles and concepts behind the choice, presents simplified models of each issue highlighting the factors of key concern, and lists the core indicators that should be developed in each case

Outcome mapping : building learning and reflection into development programmes

EARL, Sarah
CARDEN, Fred
SMUTYLO, Terry
2002

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Assessing the impact of the efforts of a single external development agency is problematic because changes in the well-being of beneficiaries occur as a result of a ‘confluence of events’. Outcome mapping is a dynamic methodology that looks at the contribution an agency has made at project, programme or organisational level to influence the processes leading to changes in the behaviour, relationships, actions and activities of people and organisations. According to the authors, development is about people relating to each other and their environment. Outcome mapping is therefore a monitoring and evaluation system for current and completed activities and provides a framework and vocabulary for understanding changes and assessing efforts. It is based on principles of participation, iterative learning and evaluative thinking throughout.
This book includes a thorough explanation of the outcome mapping approach, and provides detailed information on workshop design and facilitation, as well as numerous worksheets and examples

Using client satisfaction data for quality improvement in the health services in Peru : quality assurance case study

SANTILLAN, D
2000

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This case study looks at how a clinic used a series of quality improvement tools to analyse client satisfaction. These tools included flow charts, fish bone diagrammes, tables, brainstorming and decision matrices. Using two different quality improvement methods, the clinic's utilisation rates and client satisfaction improved. The case study shows how collecting and using client satisfaction data is an important way of bringing clients' voices into the quality improvement process

Early childhood counts : a programming guide on early childhood care for development

EVANS, Judith L
MYERS, Rober G
ILFELD, Ellen M
Ed
2000

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This extensive resource guide and handbook is designed to help development professionals, programme planners, trainers, policy makers and child advocates to develop integrated approaches to working with young children living in poverty. It is organised into seven sections: the basics of early childhood development; needs assessment; setting project goals and objectives; choosing an appropriate approach; creating the infrastructure to deliver services; evaluation; and costs and financing.

Action monitoring for effectiveness : improving water, hygiene and environmental sanitation programmes. Part II : fact sheets

SHORDT, Kathleen
2000

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The action monitoring for effectiveness (aMe) approach focuses on application of monitoring theories and practical methods to improve programmes and projects in the short-term in the water, hygiene and sanitation sector. This is the second volume of two, and contains 32 fact sheets. Each fact sheet provides practical examples of indicators, methods and tools for monitoring a specific topic. Topics range from the concrete to the range from concrete issues more abstract issues such as community participation, management and distribution of benefits. They include: the community and its institutions, NGO and programme management, training, gender and finance, establishment of water services, operation and maintenance for water facilities, latrines and use of facilities and hygiene behaviour

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