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The sustainability analysis process : the case of physical rehabilitation

BOGGS, Dorothy
December 2012

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"This guide describes the Sustainability Analysis Process (SAP), a coordinated planning approach that aims to facilitate the development of a common vision of sustainability among various actors in a system. Specifically, it is a participatory process which outlines how to achieve consensus on a common vision, and how to define sustainability indicators that can be used to monitor progress towards this vision within the context of the national rehabilitation system. Ultimately, the SAP outlined in this guide is a practical tool that can help all actors in a system to understand the various components of sustainability and analyse the concept of sustainability in relation to their own system"

Participatory monitoring and evaluation of community- and faith-based programs : a step-by-step guide for people who want to make HIV and AIDS services and activities more effective in their community

September 2006

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This guide adopts a learning approach to participatory monitoring and evaluation of HIV and AIDS programmes, and sees programme achievements and problems as a means to better decison-making. It provides a comprehensive overview of monitoring and evaluation processes, from planning to indicators selection, baselines definition and report writing. The process is outlined in simple and practical steps. Includes a chapter on participatory methods and tools and a list of useful HIV and AIDS programmes indicators. This publication is primarily intended for community- and faith-based programme managers and group facilitators

Outcome mapping : building learning and reflection into development programmes

EARL, Sarah

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Assessing the impact of the efforts of a single external development agency is problematic because changes in the well-being of beneficiaries occur as a result of a ‘confluence of events’. Outcome mapping is a dynamic methodology that looks at the contribution an agency has made at project, programme or organisational level to influence the processes leading to changes in the behaviour, relationships, actions and activities of people and organisations. According to the authors, development is about people relating to each other and their environment. Outcome mapping is therefore a monitoring and evaluation system for current and completed activities and provides a framework and vocabulary for understanding changes and assessing efforts. It is based on principles of participation, iterative learning and evaluative thinking throughout.
This book includes a thorough explanation of the outcome mapping approach, and provides detailed information on workshop design and facilitation, as well as numerous worksheets and examples

Population, Health and Nutrition (PHN) Center Communication Meeting : a one-day consultation meeting on communication in the population, health and nutrition sector for US Agency for International Development (USAID) staff and external USAID partners


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The objectives of the meeting were: to discuss evidence of what works in PHN communications; examine how to draw and record lessons from unsuccessful attemps; discuss priorities for communication for the next decade. Diffusion and participatory approaches to development communication were described, literature reviewed, and challenges identified. These include addressing skill transfer, building capacity and sustainability; examining comparability across cultures; building bridges between communication and other interventions; identifying determinants; including a rich mix of indicators; tailoring programmes for specific audiences; leveraging resources

Participatory design and monitoring of reproductive health projects

HAWKINS, Kirstan
March 1996

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This document aims to find an effective way of designing and implementing programmes that address sexual and reproductive health needs by placing beneficiary perspectives in a central position. The document is split into two main sections. Section A provides a brief guide to designing a participatory monitoring system. Participatory monitoring as used in this document refers mainly to the inclusion of ‘primary stakeholders’ in monitoring of project activities. Moreover, there is a discussion of how impact can be measured from the users' perspectives through the use of proxy indicators. A checklist of key questions to be asked is provided as a guide to enhancing participation at the different stages of the project cycle which is followed by a brief comparison of external review monitoring versus monitoring. To illustrate the process of including client monitoring within the logical framework of a project, a case study example of the design of participatory monitoring is provided. The illustration ends with a discussion of the data collection systems that were used. Section B under the heading 'Resource materials' is divided into four sections which greatly overlap with the issues raised in Section A. The four sections cover the following areas in detail I) a detailed checklist for incorporating users' perspective in the project cycle, ii) different methods for monitoring from the users' perspective, iii) an overview of conventional family planning indicators and iv) a brief review of the literature on sexual and reproductive health. The paper briefly concludes with repeated calls for the user perspective to form the cornerstone of project design and monitoring

Sustaining ability

International Centre for Evidence on Disability (ICED)

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This website enables interested individuals to learn more about sustainability and the Sustainability Analysis Process (SAP) through new and up-to-date technical information and practical case studies. The SAP is a coordinated participatory planning approach that facilitates the development of a common vision of sustainability among various actors in a system by outlining how to achieve a consensus on a common vision and how to define sustainability indicators using the six components of the Sustainability Framework. Resource links are provided to the SAP methodological guide, rehabilitation and health system case study reports, workshop facilitator guides, videos and related organisations


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