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Successful leadership : country actions for maternal, newborn and child health

PARTNERSHIP FOR MATERNAL, NEWBORN AND CHILD HEALTH
2008

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This document provides country-specific summaries of actions taken on a national level to improve maternal and child health. The summaries do not provide a comprehensive assessment of the progress made by individual countries, but demonstrate the importance of five factors: 1. Successful political leadership (Thailand) 2. Sound health policies (Indonesia and Tanzania) 3. Effective financing (Mexico) 4. Strong health systems (Nepal and Senegal) 5. Action to achieve equity (Bangladesh and Chile). Each summary covers: progress on MDGs, supportive policies and interventions, outcome, and key lesson

WHO/UNICEF regional child survival strategy : accelerated and sustained action towards MDG 4

WORLD HEALTH ORGANIZATION (WHO) WESTERN PACIFIC REGION
UNITED NATIONS CHILDREN'S FUND (UNICEF) EAST ASIA AND PACIFIC REGION
2006

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This strategy calls for accelerated and sustained action for child survival in the Western Pacific Region of the WHO and the East Asia and Pacific Region of UNICEF. It focuses on children from birth to five years of age. The strategy calls for one coordination mechanism for planning child survival actions at country level; one national plan; one monitoring and evaluation process; a focus on advocacy and communication; and financial resources to accelerate and sustain progress

Mexico Forum 8

GLOBAL FORUM FOR HEALTH RESEARCH
February 2005

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The Global Forum for Health Research aims at addressing the "10/90 gap": less than ten per cent of research funds are devoted to 90 per cent of the world health needs. This CD-ROM contains the full text of papers and posters presented at Forum 8 in Mexico City in 2004. Forum 8 gathered around 900 participants from 450 institutions in 109 countries. Participants represented governments, multilateral and bilateral aid agencies, international and national foundations and NGOs, women's organizations, research institutions and universities, the private sector and the media. Topics covered include health research, disease prevention, child mortality, maternal health, substance abuse, mental and neurological health

Health and the Millennium Development Goals

WORLD HEALTH ORGANIZATION (WHO)
2005

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The report presents data on progress on the health goals and targets. It looks beyond the numbers to analyse why improvements in health have been slow and to suggest what must be done to change this. The report points to weak and inequitable health systems as a key obstacle, including particularly a crisis in health personnel and the urgent need for sustainable health financing

UN Millennium Project 2005 : who's got the power? Transforming health systems for women and children. Task Force on Child Health and Maternal Health

FREEDMAN, Lynn P
et al
2005

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This report has been produced by the Task Force on Child Health and Maternal Health. It identifies technical interventions needed to address the problems of high rates of maternal mortality, continued child deaths due to preventable illnesses, unmet need for sexual and reproductive health services, and weak and fragile health systems. The report also asserts that policymakers must act now to change the fundamental societal dynamics that currently prevent those most in need from accessing quality health care

Mexico : Forum 8. Book of abstracts

GLOBAL FORUM FOR RESEARCH
November 2004

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This collection contains abstracts of posters presented at the Mexico Forum 8, which aimed at addressing the "10/90 gap": less than ten per cent of research funds are devoted to 90 per cent of the world health needs. The forum gathered around 900 participants from 450 institutions in 109 countries. Participants represented governments, multilateral and bilateral aid agencies, international and national foundations and NGOs, women's organisations, research institutions and universities, the private sector and the media. Abstracts cover topics including health research, disease prevention, child mortality, maternal health, substance abuse, mental and neurological health

Equitable access to essential medicines : a framework for collective action

WORLD HEALTH ORGANIZATION (WHO)
March 2004

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Equitable and universal access to essential medicines is a vital aspect of any health strategy in resource-limited settings. This document provides a framework of action for policy makers, highlighting the key objectives of successful essential drugs programmes: rational selection and use of essential medicines; affordable prices; sustainable financing; reliable supply systems

Poverty, equity, human rights and health

BRAVEMAN, Paula
GRUSKIN, Sofia
2003

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Those concerned with poverty and health have sometimes viewed equity and human rights as abstract concepts with little practical application, and links between health, equity and human rights have not been examined systematically. This article outlines five ways in which health institutions can deal with poverty and health: institutionalising the systematic and routine application of equity and human rights perspectives to all health sector actions; strengthening and extending the public health functions that create the conditions necessary for health; implementing equitable health care financing, which should reduce poverty while increasing access for the poor; ensuring that health services respond effectively to the major causes of preventable ill-health among the poor and disavantaged; and monitoring, advocating and taking action to address the potential health equity and human rights implications of policies in all sectors affecting health, not only the health sector

South African health review 2001

HEALTH SYSTEMS TRUST (HST)
March 2002

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This is a comprehensive, authoritative and independent review of the South African health system. It is published annually and this year's edition is is made up of 17 chapters grouped into four themes: listening to voices, equity, information for health, accountability and transformation. The review acts as a barometer for assessing the transformation processes and their impact on provision of equitable health care to all in South Africa

Too poor to be sick : coping with the costs of illness in East Hararghe, Ethiopia

RUSSELL, Steven
ABDELLA, Kunuz
2002

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Examines the effects of a decade of health sector reforms in Ethiopia. Identifies the high cost of drugs as the major barrier to healthcare for the vast majority. Findings include the fact that most people do not use the public healthcare system, largely due to drug shortages, which mean people buy drugs from private pharmacies. The potential of 'Special Phramacies' however, has been overstated, since they exclude the majority, contributing to a two-tier health system. Exemption mechanisms are weak or not working in most places, so do not protect the poor. Roughly one-third of households sacrifice other essential spending to seek treatment, contributing to further indebtedness. Recommendations include: the need to increase levels of public funding of the health sector (Ethiopia would have to spend 100-133 per cent of its total budget to meet World Bank and WHO minimum health funding targets). Invest more heavily in alternative sources of funding through a range of risk pooling and health insurance initiatives - particularly look at the feasibility of community health insurance schemes, possibly linked to local savings societies. Strengthen equity priorities within a national user fee policy, with a priority to strengthen exemption systems or differential charging, perhaps using livelihood based assessments of ability to pay

Primary health care meets the market : lessons from China and Vietnam

BLOOM, Gerald
March 1997

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This paper outlines some lessons that policy makers can learn from China and Vietnam. Both countries developed low cost rural health services during the period between the early 1950s and the mid-1970s. Their example strongly influenced international health policy, and lessons from these case studies will have relevance to policy-makers in other low and middle income countries who are asking fundamental questions about how services should be financed, the relationship between service providers and government, and the role of the state in ensuring that health services are cost-effective and equitable [Author's abstact, adapted]

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