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Does inequality in health impede growth?

GRIMM, Michael
May 2010

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This paper investigates the effects of inequality in health on economic growth in low and middle income countries. It uses data from 62 low and middle income countries over the period 1985 to 2007, which show a substantial and relatively robust negative effect of health inequality on income levels and income growth controlling for life expectancy, country and time fixed-effects and a large number of other effects that have been shown to matter for growth. The paper concludes that increasing access to health care for the poor can make a substantial contribution to economic growth not only through its effect on life expectancy but also through its effect on reduced health inequality

World Development Report 2006 : equity and development

September 2005

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The 2006 World Development Report focuses on equity and development strategy. It builds on and extends frameworks discussed in the 2004 report. Equity is a potentially important factor affecting both the workings of the investment environment and the empowerment of the poor - the two major lines of the World Bank's poverty reduction strategy. The report describes current levels of and recent trends in inequalities along some key dimensions, both within and across countries; discusses whether such inequalities matter and, if so, how it may be possible to reduce them in ways which, rather than harming economic efficiency and growth, may indeed help promote them; and explores the role of domestic policies and international forces, and the potential for international action to reduce inequalities

Disability and inclusive development [whole issue]

July 2005

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This issue of Development Outreach, a magazine published by the World Bank, is dedicated to disability and inclusive development. Articles highlight the links between disability and equity, poverty and gender issues, HIV and AIDS, and broadcast media; disability at policy level in USAID, DFID and the United Nations; and several case studies of projects that aim to empower people with disabilities, socially, economically and politically

Poverty, equity and health research

MATLIN, Stephen

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The Global Forum Update on Research for Health is the result of a collaboration between the Global Forum for Health Research and Pro-Brook Publishing Limited. This second volume focuses on the cultural, social and economic factors that contribute to the growing health disparities within and between populations, and in particular between high-income countries and low-income countries. The articles address the theme of poverty, equity and health research, which was also the theme of Forum 9, held in Mumbai in 2005

Human development report 2005 : international cooperation at a crossroads. Aid, trade and security in an unequal world


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The 2005 report takes stock of human development, including progress towards the MDGs. Looking beyond statistics, it highlights the human costs of missed targets and broken promises. Extreme inequality between countries and within countries is identified as one of the main barriers to human development and as a powerful brake on accelerated progress towards the MDGs. The report argues that poverty and inequality need urgent attention. It gives a comparison of life expectancy in various countries and puts forward a case that the response from the international community to HIV/AIDS pandemic has been lacking. The report indicates that child mortality has been on the rise compared to the 1980s when the trend had been reversed

Chronic poverty report 2004-05


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This major report presents an overview of the chronic poverty facing some 400 million people, and the policy implications. The report examines what chronic poverty is and why it matters, who the chronically poor are, where they live, what causes poverty to be persistent and what should be done about it. A section of regional perspectives looks at the experience of chronic poverty in sub-Saharan Africa, South Asia, Latin America and the Caribbean, transitional countries and China. A statistical appendix brings together data on global trends on chronic poverty

Politics of health knowledge network


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An interactive website that presents accessible research and credible resources related to health, development and social justice. Each topic, such as HIV/AIDS for example, can be looked at from a range of perspectives: introductory information; talking points and data, analysis and policy studies; case studies and people's stories; positive alternatives and organised action. There is also a reference section and an invitation to contribute

Gender mainstreaming in poverty eradication and the Millennium Development Goals : a handbook for policy makers and other stakeholders


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This evidence-based book argues that gender equality merits specific attention from policy-makers, practitioners, researchers and other stakeholders. It describes how gender manifests itself in economic analyses, geographical analyses, institutions and household and income inequality. It then links gender equality with family well-being, empowerment and human development. Finally, it discusses gender equity goals and the policy process

Information and communication technology : poverty and development in sub-Saharan Africa and south Asia


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This lengthy report examines the patterns of utilization, ownership and affordability of ICT in these two regions. It also discusses the application of ICT to the poor by the private sector, government and NGOs. The paper notes the significant gap between industrialized countries and these two regions and two internal gaps - between the richest and poorest and between the urban and rural areas. It also notes several principles for ICT use to alleviate poverty.

Social inclusion, citizenship and diversity


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This article explores the concepts of social inclusion, citizenship and diversity and highlights that social inclusion can provide a coherent critique of the multiple forms of social injustices and the concomitant institutional policies and practices


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