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ICTs for poverty alleviation : basic tool and enabling sector

GREENBERG, Alan
November 2005

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This report acknowledges the crucial role that information and communication technologies play in the fight to reduce poverty. It focuses in particular on the impact that "older" technologies such as radio and telephone can have in addressing poor communities' problems. The study investigates the linkages between ICTs and four key areas: education, livelihoods, healthcare and government. It reports on pilot studies which have shown that use of technologies can help reduce child mortality and maternal mortality by nearly 50 per cent. It suggests that ICTs can enable people's empowerment and ultimately strengthen human rights

Capacity-building of disabled people's organizations in Mozambique

NCUBE, Jabulani M
May 2005

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This research looks at the relations between disabled people's organisations (DPO) in Mozambique and the Northern NGOs which fund them. It compares the DPOs' definitions of capacity-building and expectations from donors with the actual approaches of Northern NGOs. The research highlights problems but does not make recommendations to improve the situation

Towards equality : creation of the disability movement in Central Asia

KATSUI, Hisayo
2005

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This study looks at a political approach to civic activism in the field of disability, which is an approach that the two fields of development studies and disability studies have begun to focus on as a driving force for susatinable structural change.
The findings in the study are based on interviews conducted with Central Asian disabled people. Three main findings emerged: a vulnerability creation mechanism for disabled people, the heterogeneity of disabled people and the implications for equality

Has disability been mainstreamed into development cooperation?

ALBERT, Bill
DUBE, A K
RIIS-HANSEN, Trine Cecilie
2005

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This document assesses how successfully USAIDS, World Bank, NORAD and DFID policies on disability mainstreaming have been implemented. It identifies five main reasons for the lack of progress in disability equality: lack of broad institutional support for mainstreaming; failure to communicate policy; failure to break down traditional attitudes to disability; need for practical guidance; inadequate resources. It calls for the adoption of a more radical approach, based on the recognition of disability as a human rights issue, and mainstreaming as a means to self-empowerment and self-determination

Life skills education for HIV prevention : a critical analysis

BOLER, Tania
AGGLETON, Peter
2005

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Challenges conventional wisdom that teaching life skills to young people would reduce HIV infection. The paper suggests that: there is disagreement about the definition of life skills; the introduction of life skills in the curriculum often creates problems, particularly in the schools of poorer countries; and that life skills are action-oriented, and may be alien to cultural contexts where people, especially the youth, are not encouraged to choose. While the paper does not intend to undermine the importance of life skills-based education in HIV contexts, its cautious and critical analysis may provide a useful tool for the improvement of related initiatives

Women's empowerment : measuring the global gender gap

2005

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This study is a first attempt to assess the size of the gender gap by measuring the extent to which women in 58 countries have achieved equality with men in five critical areas: economic participation, economic opportunity, political empowerment, educational attainment, and health and well-being

Strengthening and promoting associations and community networks for sustainable mine risk education : Huambo Province, Angola

BOTTOMLEY Ruth
2005

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This report evaluates the Angolan Mine Risk Education experience and the overall Handicap International Mine Risk Education strategy. Its aim is to draw on lessons that can be applied to future mine risk education projects. This resource would be useful for anyone with an interest in mine risk project planning, monitoring and implementation

Economic empowerment of disabled people : lessons from northern Uganda about developing the market for enterprise-based skills development services

ALBU, Mike
January 2005

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This paper presents the results of a three-year action-research project which aimed to improve access to enterprise-based training services and credit for disabled people in northern Uganda. There is a brief description about the project, a description of the results achieved and highlights of the general conclusions and lessons learned. This is a useful resource for practitioners interested in voacational training and small enterprise development in Uganda

Improve your exhibiting skills : a training guide (IYES)

INTERNATIONAL LABOUR OFFICE (ILO)
2005

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This guide aims to enhance the contribution of women entrepreneurs in creating meaningful and sustainable employment opportunities and ultimately in reducing poverty. It provides practical topic related sessions and handouts to support women’s business development and entrepreneurship. It would be useful for people interested in women's entrepreneurship

Meeting report on the development of guidelines for community based rehabilitation (CBR) programmes

WORLD HEALTH ORGANIZATION (WHO)
2005

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This report discusses the links between poverty and disability, and community based rehabilitation (CBR). CBR is a strategy for socio-economic development and it is essentially about human rights. The key principles of CBR are poverty alleviation, education, health and rehabilitation and enabling people with disabilities to participate in the whole range of human activities. The report presents a CBR draft framework, a step-by-step practical guideline for CBR programme implementers. The meeting also identified steps to be taken to develop CBR guidelines

2nd meeting report on the development of guidelines for community based rehabilitation (CBR)

WORLD HEALTH ORGANIZATION (WHO)
2005

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This meeting decided that the CBR guidelines would be a joint document of ILO, UNESCO and WHO. The members of the advisory group were finalised, and their reponsibilities were outlined to decide the content of the guidelines and its development. A revised CBR matrix was drafted. This document is useful for people interested in CBR and the development of the CBR Guidelines

NFE-MIS handbook : developing a sub-national non-formal education management information system

CRONNAL, Criana
SAUVAGEOT, Claude
2005

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This manual provides "an easy-to-use methodology for setting up a Non-Formal Education Management Information System (NFE-MIS). This includes a conceptual framework for NFE, prototype data collection tools, and guidelines for the development of NFE indicators as well as for data analysis. The methodology presented in this Handbook uses a practical, step-by-step approach...At the national level, the NFE-MIS aims at providing policy-makers and planners with reliable, relevant and timely data to allow for informed decision making, better planning and delivery of NFE as well as for monitoring and evaluation of the development of NFE"
ED/BAS/LIT/2005/1

The role of information and communication technologies in the development of African women | Le rôle des technologies de l'Information et de la communication dans le développment des femmes africaines

RADLOFF, Jennifer
PRIMO, Natasha
MUNYUA, Alice
August 2004

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This paper presents the findings of a study commissioned by the Association for Progessive Communications on the role of ICTs in empowering women in Africa. It provides examples of good practice and includes recommendations to civil society organisations on how to create an enabling environment for women to access and use ICTs for development. The crucial link between understanding the gender dimensions of the information society - in terms of what women's needs are and a thorough understanding of conditions of access, policies - and the potential ICTs have of boosting the economic, political and social empowerment of women, and the promotion of gender equality is explored. An extensive resource list and examples of successful initiatives form the field are included in appendices

Disability in Bangladesh : a situation analysis

THE DANISH BILHARZIASIS LABORATORY (DBL)
May 2004

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This report assesses the situation and needs in relation to disability in Bangladesh. It presents detailed information by assessing the prevalence, severity and causes of disability in Bangladesh, focusing particularly on children; by analyzing the current scope of initiatives on disability in the country in the public and private sectors and in NGOs; and by offering both short- and long-term recommendations for research, policy development and support for interventions in the health and education sectors. This report would be useful for those who are interested in disability policy development in Bangladesh

Empowering youth and connecting schools : lessons from the SchoolNet Namibia approach

BALLANTYNE, Peter
February 2004

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Schools in developing countries are beginning to get computers and access to the Internet. This article draws on the SchoolNet Namibia approach and its achievements. It suggests that programmes like this should give priority to the provision of affordable access using open platforms, pay attention to longer term cost of ownership issues, leverage change through partnerships, work closely with governments, involve school principals and teachers, and seek to ensure that necessary capacities are developed in schools themselves

Empowered to differ : stakeholders' influences in community-based rehabilitation

FINKENFLÜGEL, Harry
2004

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'Empowered to differ' equally addresses researchers and CBR professionals. The book gives an overview about the developments in the field of community-based rehabilitation since 1978, using the examples of CBR projects in Southern Africa. Finkenflügel asks for the knowledge and the evidence for CBR and to what extent the roles, interests and powers of stakeholders can contribute to this knowledge and evidence

World youth report 2003 : the global situation of young people

UNITED NATIONS. Department for Economic and Social Affairs
Ed
2004

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Overall, young people today are better off than previous generations, but many are still severely hindered by a lack of education, poverty, health risks, unemployment and the impact of conflict. The World Youth Report 2003 provides an overview of the global situation of young people. The first ten chapters focus on the priority areas of education, employment, extreme poverty, health issues, the environment, drugs, delinquency, leisure time, the situation of girls and young women, and youth participation in decision-making as identified by the World Programme of Action for Youth (WPAY) adopted by the General Assembly in 1995. The remaining five chapters address some of the newer issues that were later identified as additional priorities for youth and were adopted by the United Nations Economic and Social Council (ECOSOC) in 2003

World health report 2004 : changing history

WORLD HEALTH ORGANIZATION (WHO)
2004

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This report argues that a comprehensive HIV/AIDS strategy linking prevention, treatment, care and support for people living with the virus could save the lives of millions of people in poor and middle-income countries. At present, almost six million people in developing countries need treatment, but only about 400 000 of them received it in 2003. The World Health Report 2004 argues that a treatment gap of such dimensions is indefensible and that narrowing it is both an ethical obligation and a public health necessity. In September 2003 WHO, UNAIDS and the Global Fund to Fight AIDS, Tuberculosis and Malaria and their partners launched an effort to provide three million people in developing countries with antiretroviral therapy (ART) by end 2005 - the 3 by 5 initiative. This World Health Report shows how a partnership linking international organizations, national governments, the private sector and communities is working simultaneously to expand access to HIV/AIDS treatment, reinforce HIV prevention and strengthen health systems in some of the countries where they are currently weakest

Palliative care in Sub-Saharan Africa : an appraisal

HARDING, Richard
HIGGINSON, Irene
2004

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This report was written from the belief that palliative care is, and will be for the forseeable future, an essential component in the continuum of managing HIV/AIDS in sub-Saharan Africa. There is now a wealth of experience in sub-Saharan Africa about the ways in which palliative care can be delivered both affordably and effectively. However, there remains a lack of properly documented evidence and research to demonstrate the importance of this work and promote its development. This report provides a review of existing evaluations of palliative care projects in sub-Saharan Africa with an emphasis on isolating the factors that lead to sustainability, local ownership and scaling up; the role of palliative care in the management of HIV/AIDS and how to integrate palliative care and Anti-Retroviral Therapy (ART); primary health based care projects in two countries, Kenya and Malawi, that could provide lessons for the implementation of palliative care; lessons from other parallel programmes which mirror palliative care delivery, for example, tuberculosis programmes, and primary care programmes with good links to local clinics and hospitals, and community mobilization and empowerment projects linked to health facilities. In this way it contributes to the effort of providing an evidence base to demonstrate the importance of palliative care and provides a source of reference for policy makers, practitioners, donors and researchers

Integrated questionnaire for the measurement of social capital

GROOTAERT, Christiaan
et al
2004

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This paper introduces a tool, the Integrated Questionnaire for the Measurement of Social Capital, with a focus on developing countries. The tool aims to generate quantitative data on six dimensions of social capital as part of a larger household survey. These dimensions are: groups and networks, trust and solidarity, collective action and cooperation, information and communication, social cohesion and inclusion, empowerment and political action. The tool was tested in Albania and Nigeria and the lessons learned are presented

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