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Social health insurance for improving access to care for disabled and elderly people in developing countries

OKEBUKOLA, Peter Oluseyi
OGUNSAKIN, Jimlas O
August 2009

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“The elderly and the disabled like most disadvantaged groups, often have to pay higher premiums for health insurance than the general population. This condition usually leads to low health insurance coverage for these groups of people and may affect their ability to access healthcare, in view of the fact that they are not the most economically productive group of the general population. This review seeks to explore the possible role of social health insurance in solving this problem”

Women and health : today's evidence tomorrow's agenda

ABOUZAHR, Carla
DE ZOYSA Isabelle
GARCIA MORENO Claudia
Eds
2009

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This is a report on women and health - both women’s health needs and their contribution to the health of societies. Women’s health has long been a concern for the World Health Organization but today it has become an urgent priority. This report explains why. Using current data, it takes stock of what is known about the health of women throughout their lives and across the different regions of the world

Ugandan memory books

HelpAge International
2009

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This picture story shows the involvement of grandparents in memory work in Uganda - either in writing memory books for their grandchildren or in reading and updating memory books created by their children, for their grandchildren

Institutional care for older people in developing countries : the case of Buenos Aires, Argentina

SHERLOCK-LLOYD, Peter
REDONDO, Nelida
2009

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"This paper examines the quality of care provided by old age homes in developing countries. It draws attention to the growing demand for such services and the emergence of a largely unregulated private sector. The paper reviews the findings of a survey of 101 private old age homes conducted in Buenos Aires, Argentina during 2004 and 2005. This reveals that the quality of care leaves much to be desired, and that the rights, autonomy and dignity of older people are often neglected. Particular issues of concern are the repressive managerial structures (including the use of restraints and medication), questionable processes of admission, and limited support for dependent residents. The paper calls for long term care to be given a higher policy profile in developing countries than is currently the case"
Journal of Population Ageing, Vol 2, No 1-2

Older citizens monitoring in Ethiopia : a handbook

HUMPHREYS, Andrew
2009

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"The primary aim of this manual is to provide a guide for woreda governments, NGOs and communities to replicate an older citizens monitoring approach to development in the Ethiopian context. The guidance is developed from the experiences of a pilot project on older citizens monitoring which was implemented in several woredas of Ethiopia. The guide outlines 3 main sections: Establish the structure, Develop skills and capacity, and implement monitoring systems. Each section details the steps needed to plan and implement an older citizens monitoring project in the Ethiopian context in an approximate chronological order"

Witness to climate change : learning from older people’s experience

BEALES, Sylvia
2009

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"This paper looks at older people’s experience of climate change, their awareness of it and how it makes them vulnerable. It highlights older people’s exclusion from climate change debates, identifies opportunities for influencing policy-making at the national level and makes recommendations for including older people’s perspectives in discussions and adaptation strategies"

The impact of HIV/AIDS on older people in Cambodia

JOHN, Kylie
SAINSBURY, Candice
2009

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This report presents the findings of a study in 15 rural villages to obtain information on the roles of older people in HIV/AIDS affected households and to identify potential interventions to meet their financial, psychosocial and other support needs. Research methods included case studies, in-depth interviews and focus groups with older carers of children in Cambodia to understand their problems and to explore their support needs. The findings demonstrated that the HIV/AIDS epidemic has led to significant changes in the responsibilities and needs of older people and that older people in HIV/AIDS affected households are vulnerable to extreme poverty, and at times, destitution. The report concludes with recommendations for possible local response interventions to address the needs of older people impacted by HIV/AIDS

Social protection policy : responses to older people’s needs in Zanzibar

PEARSON, Anna
2009

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This report presents the social protection findings of a study that examines the needs of older people on the archipelago of Zanzibar. The study presents an analysis and develops policy recommendations on social protection and health, making links between the two areas where possible. This report is useful to anyone interested in social protection policy in Zanzibar

Salt, soap and shoes for school: evaluation report|The impact of pensions on the lives of older people and grandchildren in the KwaWazee project in Tanzania’s Kagera region

HOFMANN, Stefan
et al
August 2008

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This report examines the findings of a project supporting older people and their dependents in Tanzania. It reveals that even small pensions are effective in bringing stability and dignity to the lives of older people and help to improve the quality of life of other household members

Report on piloting of appropriate sanitation options for differently abled people (DAP)

DUSHTHA SHASTHYA KENDRA (DSK)
July 2008

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This report describes the implementation of a pilot project in urban slums in Dhaka, Bangladesh, that introduced appropriate and user-friendly sanitation options for differently abled people (DAP) including pregnant women, disabled and older people. The report outlines the project which focused upon adapting existing communal facilities to include DAP. It would be useful for people interested in inclusive water, sanitation and hygiene in Bangladesh.
The project was implemented by WaterAid Bangladesh's partner Dushtha Shasthya Kendra (DSK) in collaboration with Action on Disability and Development (ADD)

Disability & deafness in the Middle East, a bibliography : comprising materials with technical, cultural and historical relevance to child and adult impairments, disabilities and deafness, incapacity, mental disorders, special needs, social and educatio

MILES, M
June 2008

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"This revised, retitled and updated bibliography now lists c. 1750 items. It aims to record the cumulative formal knowledge base in the disability field in countries of the Middle East, especially Egypt, Iran, Iraq, Israel, Jordan, Lebanon, Saudi Arabia, Syria, Turkey, and some smaller neighbours. Around 45% of the items in the bibliography, listed in the last two sections with a brief introduction, comprise historical materials of the Middle East from 1751 to 1970 and from Antiquity to 1750, as an essential and fascinating part of the cultural background. This earlier material has more annotation (and so takes about 60% of the total word-count), to enable potential readers to find the disability-related parts that are sometimes hidden in odd corners or footnotes, and also to indicate some cultural features that might be less easily understood nowadays. Greater coverage has also been given to disability and deafness in Egyptology, Assyriology, and the Hittite Kingdom in Anatolia"

Chapter 11 : protection of persons with specific needs

THE CAMP MANAGEMENT PROJECT (CMP)
May 2008

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This chapter outlines the key issues of persons with specific needs in internally displaced persons(IDP) or refugee communities and provides practical recommendations for a camp management agencies
Published in Camp Management Toolkit by The Camp Management Project

Older people in emergencies : considerations for action and policy development

HUTTON, David
2008

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This analysis highlights factors that particularly affect older people in emergencies, especially health-related concerns. It also proposes a strategy to raise awareness about older people in emergencies, and recommends policies and practices to address these considerations. It sets out objectives for the three phases of an emergency response: the preparedness phase; the emergency response and operations phase; and the recovery and transition phase

An untapped resource : how supporting older people with social protection will help achieve the millennium development goals (MDGs)

PEARSON, Anna
SLEAP, Bridget
WALKER, Astrid
2008

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This report finds that interventions aimed at achieving the MDGs must also respond to the intergenerational nature of poverty and to rapid population ageing. It asserts that it is essential to adopt a rights-based approach because this will ensure the needs of the poorest and most marginalised groups are met

Supporting older people in Darfur

HELP AGE INTERNATIONAL
2008

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This leaflet identifies the issues faced by older people living in displaced people's camps in Darfur. It briefly explores a range of key issues relating to disability, including: isolation, limited mobility, health, older people as carers, psychological and social effects and lack of intergenerational support

Age-friendly primary health care centres toolkit

WORLD HEALTH ORGANIZATION (WHO)
2008

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This toolkit aims to improve the primary health care response for older persons. The information presented assists health care workers in the diagnosis and management of chronic diseases and the four main issues of memory loss, urinary incontinence, depression and falls/immobility that often impact people as they age. The toolkit contains a number of instruments that can be used by primary health care workers to assess and address older persons' health, such as evaluation forms, slides, figures, graphs, diagrams, scale tables, country guidelines, exam sheets, screening tools, cards, and checklists
Note: The link provided also contains Annex 1: Trainers guide for normal ageing and communication, a Normal Ageing power point presentation and Communication with older people power point presentation

Essential skills for mental health care

CRABB, Jim
RAZI, Emma
September 2007

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This manual has been designed to provide essential information to mental health professionals to help provide good, safe care to people with mental ill health. The initial chapters provide an introduction to mental health and the later chapters and the appendices will be of more use to experienced health professionals who prescribe medicine

The protection of older persons and persons with disabilities

UN HIGH COMMISSIONER FOR REFUGEES
June 2007

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"This paper examines the challenges which older persons and persons with disabilities face in accessing protection, including assistance, in situations of displacement. It reviews current policies on the protection of displaced older persons and those with disabilities; highlights the main protection challenges faced by these individuals; and outlines efforts made by UNHCR and partners to respond to these challenges. Finally, it summarizes the key areas for attention and follow-up in the next three years to improve its performance in providing protection and support to older persons and persons with disabilities"
EC/58/SC/CRP.14

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