This resource book, developed in Sri Lanka, aims to support teachers to develop the knowledge, skills and attitudes to enable them to include children with disabilities in pre-school, early childhood development settings. Chapters look at supporting children with specific impairments as well as working with parents, communities and referral systems
Routine screening for hearing impairment in childhood is now widespread in industrial countries, although there is considerable controversy over the most efficient techniques and procedures. In most developing countries, however, routine screening programmes for hearing impairment do not currently exist. The problems involved in implementing screening programmes in developing and industrial countries are very different, and in selecting screening procedures for a particular population the following factors have to be taken into consideration: the environmental test conditions; the availability of resources for equipment and the training of testers; the local attitudes towards disability; the level of hearing impairment. We suggest that in developing countries children should be screened at school entry using a simple field audometer and that the external ear be inspected for the presence of a discharge. There is an urgent need to develop reliable and simple screening procedures for infants and young children; where possible, all children should be screened for severe or significant hearing impairment before the age of 2 years. No screening should, however, be implemented until appropriate follow-up services are available.
Friends of the Disabled Association (FDA) is an advocacy voluntary organisation. It was started in 1978 by group of parents of persons with intellectual disabilities. FDA's purpose is to promote the full range of Human Rights for persons with disabilities and their parents through multiple programmes. Their main programmes are in early intervention, basic teaching, intermediate level, secondary level, prevocational & vocational training. FDA's main goal is to secure self-discrimination, independent living and being included in their communities. FDA aims to establish a Trust Fund to secure life quality on the life span of persons with intellectual disability.
FDA considers that the adoption of UN CRPD and the ILO Recommendation Social Protection Floors will secure better life quality for persons with disability and their families
This website contains a wide range of publications for sale in both English and Hindi covering many aspects of disability. The website also describes projects currently being carried out by NRCI, on inclusive education in early childhood and research. NRCI organises conferences called 'North-South Dialogues' and documents from these conferences can be downloaded from the website
Source e-bulletin on Disability and Inclusion