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GET ahead for women in enterprise : training package and resource kit

BAEUR, Susanne
FINNEGAN, Gerry
HASPELS, Nelien
2004

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This training kit promotes the enterprise development of women in poverty who are interested in engaging in small-scale business. Its aim is to assist with the economic and social empowerment of women for entrepreneurship. It provides a structured set of modules with practical exercises highlighting business development and entrepreneur shills from a gender perspective. This would be useful for people interested in entrepreneurship for women in developing countries

Guarantee funds for small enterprises : a manual for guarantee fund managers

DEELEN, Linda
MOLENAAR, Klaas
2004

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This manual presents practical information about guarantee funds aimed at small entrepreneurs, highlighting that guarantee funds play a vital part in the recovery of a weak economy. It provides an introduction and useful information such as types of guarantee fund models and monitoring information. This resource is useful for guarantee fund managers in developing countries

Disability and the labour market : data gaps and needs in Latin America and the Caribbean

HERNANDEZ-LICONA, Gonzalo
2004

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This article is concerned with the difficulties in estimating the prevalence of, and economic costs connected to, disability in Latin America and the Caribbean. Economic consequences of disability are high and largely under-estimated. A common definition must be agreed upon before disability and its links to other labour variables can be analysed, and increased resources are key to gathering the data needed for this analysis

Robbing the poor to pay the rich? How the United States keeps medicines from the world's poorest

BRANT, Jennifer
November 2003

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This paper examines how the government of the United States is contravening its commitment to the World Trade Organisation's Doha Declaration (to prioritize public health over private patent rights and to promote access to medicines) by using technical assistance, bilateral and regional trade agreements, and the threat of trade sanctions to ratchet up patent protection in developing countries. This policy benefits the influential US pharmaceutical industry while pushing medicines further out of the reach of poor people

Anti-personal mines : their consequences : the fight against them

FEREY, Jean-Pierre
October 2003

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This resource provides detailed information on the construction, use, and impact of anti-personal landmines. The last section outlines the fight against their use, and advocates for stronger international humanitarian law to protect the rights of civilians affected by their use

Guidelines for the socio-economic reintegration of landmine survivors

VICTOR, Jack
ESTEY, Steven
KNIERIM, Heather Burns
August 2003

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This resource provides informative guidelines about the socio-economic reintegration of mine victims. The guidelines have been divided into two major categories; the first category - pre-conditions for socio-economic reintegration - covers the topics of medical, psychological and rehabilitation services. The second category - target areas for socio-economic reintegration - includes psychosocial support, vocational rehabilitation, economic development, education and community integration and support. These guidelines are useful for policy makers and service providers interested in the socio-economic reintegration of landmine survivors

Microfinance and households coping with HIV/AIDS in Zimbabwe : an exploratory study

BARNES, Carolyn
et al
June 2003

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This study, conducted in Zimbabwe, sought to better understand the relationship between a microfinance programme, Zambuko Trust, and how microentrepreneurs’ households cope with the impact of HIV & AIDS. The study also examined how HIV & AIDS is affecting Zambuko’s operations and what microfinance institutions can do to lessen the impact of HIV & AIDS on their clients and operations

Legal frameworks for citizen participation : synthesis report

MCGEE, Rosemary
et al
April 2003

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This report synthesizes the collective learning generated throughout the project of the legal frameworks for citizen participation. It is not a summary of all findings however it is an analysis that presents findings of the overall study about the significance, at supra-national and supra-regional levels, of legal and policy frameworks for citizen participation in local governance. Additional detailed findings can be found in related case studies and regional reports
Research report series

The right of everyone to the enjoyment of the highest attainable standard of physical and mental health

COMMISSION ON HUMAN RIGHTS. Economic and Social Council
February 2003

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This report identifies the three objectives for the UN's Special Rapporter on the right to health. The objectives are to promote the right to health as a fundamental human right; to clarify the content of the right to health, and to identify good practices for the operationalization of the right to health at the community, national and international levels. The report also outlines the issues to be studied through the idea of a right to health: povert reduction strategies, 'neglected diseases', impact assessments, World Trade Organization agreements, mental health, and the role of health professionals

Politics of health knowledge network

HEALTHWRIGHTS
INTERNATIONAL PEOPLE'S HEALTH COUNCIL (IPHC)
PEOPLE'S HEALTH MOVEMENT (PHM)
2003

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An interactive website that presents accessible research and credible resources related to health, development and social justice. Each topic, such as HIV/AIDS for example, can be looked at from a range of perspectives: introductory information; talking points and data, analysis and policy studies; case studies and people's stories; positive alternatives and organised action. There is also a reference section and an invitation to contribute

Africa's recovery from conflict : making peace work for the poor

ADDISON, Tony
2003

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This publication is a policy-focused summary of the UNU/WIDER book from conflict to recovery in Africa. As this study makes clear, peace is often elusive and economic policy can play a mojor role in supporting the efforts of those working at the national and international levels to build peace. Above all it is crucial to focus post-conflict policies on the needs of thepoor, so that recovery is broad based in its benefits, and does not simply benefit a narrow elite

The behavioural and social aspects of malaria and its control : an introduction and annotated bibliography

HEGGENHOUGEN, H Kristian
HACKETHAL, Veronica
VIVEK, Pramila
2003

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This publication highlights the importance of sociocultural factors in malaria control and makes clear that the fight against malaria and other infectious diseases is inseparable from the striving for socioeconomic and political equity. The authors show that human behaviour is related to risk for malaria, and that such behaviour is influenced by a range of cultural and social factors. It provides a valuable social science starting point for the design and evaluation of anti-malaria interventions. It provides a thorough analysis of the perception of malaria as a disease, then looks at the effect of human movement on malaria. A considerable gap remains between 'correct scientific knowledge' and the accepted practices and beliefs about malaria held by different groups of people, and one section discusses the difficulties imposed by the clash between 'northern' and traditional ways of responding to disease episodes, and demonstrates that the 'North' has much to learn from the 'South'. Also covered are attitudes towards the use of insecticide-impregnated bednets, gender issues such as the invisible role of women in determining the health-related practices of a household, and the manner in which people interact with each other, identify needs, and make decisions. Finally there is an extensive annotated bibliography of the social science literature on malaria

Information and communication technologies and poverty reduction in Sub Saharan Africa : a learning study (synthesis)

GERSTER, Richard
ZIMMERMAN, Sonja
2003

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A report of the learning study carried out as part of the Building Digital Opportunities (BDO) programme.The study focuses on mapping the experiences of BDO partners with ICTs and poverty reduction in order to enable BDO partners to improve their understanding of the role of ICTs in poverty reduction and play a pro-poor role in multilateral forums like the World Summit on the Information Society (WSIS). It draws on research into the use of information and communication technology in Mali, Uganda and Zambia, and examines progress in fulfilling BDO's global objective to ensure that such technology contributes to the achievement of the 8 Millenium Development Goals and 17 Millenium Development Targets

Communication and natural resource management : experience/theory

FEEK, Warren
MORRIS, Chris
et al
2003

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This book has been written as a tool for people involved or interested in communication and natural resource management who seek a better understanding of how different theories and strategic change principles relate to actual practise. It relates a variety of theories and change principles in simplified, almost schematic form, to a series of real initiatives in the field through interactive 'experiences'. Each 'experience' is organised around a theme, a learning objective, a description of an actual natural resource management and communication initiative, and one or two theoretical lenses through which to analyse the initiative. The idea is not to 'discover' the right approach but rather to create an interactive space that enables you to reflect on what might work in your own context and also on how different contexts may require different approaches, principles and theoretical frameworks. People working in development fields other than natural resource management will also find this book very useful

Chronic poverty and disability in Uganda

LWANGA-NTALE, Charles
2003

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The purpose of this study is to examine the relationship of long-duration poverty and disability. It seeks to summarise the current state of knowledge about disability and chronic poverty in Uganda; discuss factors that lead to disabled people living in perpetual poverty; describe efforts to address the long-term poverty of disabled people in Uganda; and propose policy interventions aimed at the inclusion of disabled people in Uganda's development process

Disentangling HIV and AIDS stigma in Ethiopia, Tanzania and Zambia

NYBLADE, Laura
et al
2003

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This report explores the causes, manifestations and consequences of HIV and AIDS related stigma in sub-Saharan Africa. Based on a study in Ethiopia, Tanzania and Zambia, it acknowledges stigma as complex, caused by incomplete knowledge, fears of death and disease and sexual transmission. Stigma is also influenced by socio-economic status, age and gender. The report also discusses in detail how people living with HIV react to stigma, and also how they and their families/ friends develop strategies to cope with stigma. Recommendations include the need to provide safe spaces to discuss the values and beliefs about sex, morality and death, find a common language to talk about stigma and ensure a contextually appropriate and ethically responsible role for people living with HIV

HIV/AIDS and ageing : a briefing paper

HELPAGE INTERNATIONAL
2003

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This briefing paper outlines the difficulties related to HIV that are facing an aging population. It challenges the notion that older people are not vulnerable to HIV/AIDS infection, outlines why they are being missed by information and service campaigns, describes difficulties associated with caring for their children and grandchildren who have become sick with AIDS. It takes a rights-based approach in advocating for the inclusion of older people in awareness and service provision programmes, and calls for more research into the effects of HIV/AIDS on an aging population. It points out the value of older people as agents of change and care-givers and argues for directed benefits to older people. It ends with an agenda for action on recognising the intergenerational nature and socio-economic impacts of HIV/AIDS

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