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Progress of the world’s women 2005: women, work and poverty

CHEN, Martha
et al
2005

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This report argues that unless governments and policymakers pay more attention to employment, and its links to poverty, the campaign to make poverty history will not succeed, and the hope for gender equality will founder on the reality of women’s growing economic insecurity. It makes the case for an increased focus on women’s informal employment as a key pathway to reducing poverty and strengthening women’s economic security. It provides the latest available data on the size and composition of the informal economy and compares national data on average earnings and poverty risk across different segments of the informal and formal workforces in six developing countries and one developed country to show the links between employment, gender and poverty. It looks at the costs and benefits of informal work and their consequences for women’s economic security. Finally, it provides a strategic framework for how to promote decent work for women informal workers, and shows why strong organisations of workers in the informal economy are vital to effective policy reforms

Education choices in Ethiopia : what determines whether poor households send their children to school?

WOLDEHANNA, Tassew
et al
2005

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This paper attempts to establish a link between micro-level outcomes and macro-level policy initiatives with respect to eight-year-old children’s primary school enrolment in Ethiopia. The paper uses data from a 2002 survey of 1000 rural and urban households with eight-year-old children sampled from food insecure communities in Tigray, Amhara, Oromia, SNNP and Addis Ababa Regional States

Job and work analysis : guidelines on identifying jobs for persons with disabilities

HERON, Robert
2005

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These guidelines provide information about job and work analysis to promote employment opportunities for persons with disabilities. Practical steps and definitions are outlined in each topic-specific chapter. It is a useful document for employment services and service providers seeking to develop their capacity to promote the recruitment of persons with disabilities and the retention of workers who acquire a disability.
These guidelines form part of a series of ILO tools on placement services for disabled job seekers

Economic empowerment of disabled people : lessons from northern Uganda about developing the market for enterprise-based skills development services

ALBU, Mike
January 2005

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This paper presents the results of a three-year action-research project which aimed to improve access to enterprise-based training services and credit for disabled people in northern Uganda. There is a brief description about the project, a description of the results achieved and highlights of the general conclusions and lessons learned. This is a useful resource for practitioners interested in voacational training and small enterprise development in Uganda

The complementary use of loans and grants

PALANISWAMY, Vimala
2005

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This paper discusses the complementary use of loans and grants. Various aspects of microfinanace services are highlighted, in addition to the benefits of grants. It would be useful to people interested in finance schemes in developing countries

Improve your exhibiting skills : a training guide (IYES)

INTERNATIONAL LABOUR OFFICE (ILO)
2005

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This guide aims to enhance the contribution of women entrepreneurs in creating meaningful and sustainable employment opportunities and ultimately in reducing poverty. It provides practical topic related sessions and handouts to support women’s business development and entrepreneurship. It would be useful for people interested in women's entrepreneurship

HIV/AIDS, tuberculosis and malaria : the status and impact of the three diseases

GLOBAL FUND TO FIGHT AIDS, TUBERCOLOSIS AND MALARIA
2005

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This is a publication produced by the Global Fund in collaboration with the Roll Back Malaria, Stop TB and HIV Departments of the World Health Organization, and UNAIDS. It looks at the human and economic impact of three major infectious diseases, HIV/AIDS, tuberculosis and malaria, and identifies a reciprocal cause-effect relationship between poverty and disease. In resource-constraint countries, this has a devastating impact on the health systems, and on the most vulnerable sections of society, namely women and children. The document calls for sustained commitment and funding on the part of the government, the private sector and NGOs

HIV and infant feeding : a compilation of programmatic evidence

KONIZ-BOOHER, Peggy
et al
July 2004

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This paper tries to deepen understandings of the biological and programmatic implications of the transmission of HIV through breastfeeding which have previously been hampered by insufficient study and difficulties of interpretation. It is a careful look at the findings of programmatic approaches. The project attempted to find, summarise and analyse reports on a wide variety of relevant programmes conducted since 1998 UNICEF guidelines were issued. The programmes range from small community research projects to national programmes. The compilation addresses numerous controversial topics and constraints, including human resources, confused mothers, stigma and discrimination, spillover of replacement feeding, free or subsidised infant formula, family economics and the difficulty in providing integrated HIV testing, informed choice counselling, community support, logistics and follow-up care for mothers and infants

Women with disabilities: accessing trade

STIENSTRA, Deborah
et al
July 2004

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This resource examines how trade policy and the cost of health services and products further economically marginalize women with disabilities. The authors outline how a similar phenomenon leads to lack of access due to higher costs of goods that are imported from the US. This resource also includes a set of recommendations for government and private sector organisations. This work would be useful for anyone with an interest in women's rights, disability and trade issues

Pushing the boundaries : health and the next round of PRSPs

WEMOS
Medical Action for Global Security (Medact)
June 2004

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Report is based on seven country studies. It hightlights a number of issues that are critical to achieve equitable health systems: coordination of international aid, international health initiatives, the debt burden, macro economic constraints, financing mechanisms, integrating messy health care markets

Managing scaling up challenges of a program for the poorest : case study of BRAC's IGVGD program | Scaling up poverty reduction : case studies in microfinance

MATIN, Imran
May 2004

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This chapter looks at the Income Generation for Vulnerable Group Development (IGVGD) programme, initiated by BRAC, a large microfinance NGO. The programme aims to target poverty alleviation through strategic linkages between grant-based and market-based microfinance programmes. The IGVD programme is described and planning, management and issues of scaling up are discussed. Tables and graphs are provided to enhance understanding. This document is useful for people interested in microfinance programmes

Poor relations? PRSPs and the response to HIV/AIDS and children

WEAVER, R
March 2004

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HIV/AIDS is a key driver in increasing poverty and reversing development gains for children and their communities. The World Bank acknowledges that at present there are few Poverty Reduction Strategy Papers (PRSPs) that include references to the impact of HIV/AIDS on children. This briefing paper analyses the vision and reality of PRSPs in responding to HIV/AIDS, considers the future of PRSPs in increasing responses to HIV/AIDS, and makes recommendations for action for DFID and other donors to ensure that support for national PRSPs maximises the impact of resources in responding to HIV/AIDS and children

Social development and the 'information revolution' : lessons from research in Senegal

POWELL, Michael
March 2004

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This paper brings together a series of research studies that explore the scope of ICT-driven social change in Senegal. The studies focus on government, media, and business, as well as the health and education sectors. Several other studies looked at a broad range of social settings and collected statistics on the public use of ICTs. The paper presents the main findings of the research, and draws out policy implications

Health systems strengthening and HIV/AIDS : an annotated bibliography and resources

KOLYADA, Lena
March 2004

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This annotated bibliography has been prepared in an effort to provide policy makers, technical personnel and other stakeholders with comprehensive information on the costs of interventions and impact of HIV on health systems. The documents included in the bibliograpy focus on those aspects of the pandemic most related to economic impact, financing and resource allocation, costing, health system strengthening, scaling up antiretroviral therapy, surveillance systems, and programme monitoring and evaluation. The bibliography describes 101 publications describing work done from 1995 onwards as well as a directory of web resources. The bibliography is not a comprehensive reveiw, but is rather intended to highlight current information in the field of HIV and health systems strengthening

Tackling social exclusion : taking stock and looking to the future

OFFICE OF THE DEPUTY PRIME MINISTER (ODPM). Social Exclusion Unit
March 2004

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Social exclusion is a complex phenomenon. It is multi-dimensional, and can pass from generation to generation. Social exclusion includes poverty and low income, but is a broader concept and encompasses some of the wider causes and consequences of deprivation. The UK Government defines social exclusion as 'a shorthand term for what can happen when people or areas suffer from a combination of linked problems such as unemployment, poor skills, low incomes, unfair discrimination, poor housing, high crime, bad health and family breakdown.' The problems of social exclusion are often linked and mutually reinforcing, and as a result it is often difficult to disentangle its causes and consequences. The risk of social exclusion is highest for those with multiple disadvantages. This document is a discussion paper intended to stimulate debate on social exclusion around a series of questions and draw together expertise to inform the UK Government's work

Information and communication technologies and broad-based development : a partial review of the evidence

GRACE, Jeremy
KENNY, Charles
QIANG, Christine
et al
February 2004

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This paper reviews some of the evidence for the link between telecommunications and the Internet and economic growth, the likely impact of the new ICTs on income inequality and anecdotal evidence regarding the role of the Internet in improving government services and governance. It looks at methods to maximise access to the new ICTs, and improve their development impact both in promoting income generation and in the provision of quality services. The authors also note that the implementation of ICTs must be part of a broader reform agenda

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