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Women’s entrepreneurship development : capacity building guide

INTERNATIONAL LABOUR OFFICE (ILO)
2006

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This training manual supports the development of women's entrepreneurship through exploring various support mechanisms including research, networking and association building, market access and business development services. It integrates gender issues into the technical approaches to business development, and provides graphs, charts, tables, and questionnaires to further understanding. This manual would be useful to support agencies interested in women’s entrepreneurship and development

Famos check guide and methods : a gender-based service quality check for supporting small enterprises

INTERNATIONAL LABOUR ORGANIZATION (ILO)
2006

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The 'Female And Male Operated Small enterprises' (FAMOS) check is an ILO tool for completing a self-check of one's own organisation to identify opportunities for improvement in the way in which an organization reaches out to and serves both women and men. The check is usually completed by an internal team with support from external facilitators. The guide aims to provide a new perspective and a systematic assessment of targeting and serving men and women entrepreneurs, their needs and their potentialities. This document is useful for business support agencies, financial institutions and government agencies

Disease control priorities in developing countries. 2nd edition. Chapter 15. Cost-effectiveness analysis for priority setting.

MUSGROVE, Phillip
FOX-RUSHBY, Julia
2006

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What cost-effectiveness analysis (CEA) does and does not provide, how it is related to the concept of burden of disease, and how it can be used, along with other criteria, in setting priorities is discussed. The several meanings of the term CEA and the way that interventions are classified and evaluated are described. Estimating the effectiveness of an intervention requires specifying the units which in turn requires choices of several parameter values, including, in the analyses reported here, the discount rate applied to future years; the disability weights that describe the severity of diseases and conditions, corresponding to the health losses that they cause; and the life expectancy at different ages. Costs of interventions to include in the analysis, and conversion of costs to equivalents in U.S. dollars for international comparisons are described. Variations of results and uncertainty of estimates are discussed. Two ways are suggested to consider costs and outcomes at the population level, allowing for large differences among countries in the size of population; the incidence or prevalence of a disease, condition, or risk factor; and the amount spent or available to spend on an intervention

Orphans and other vulnerable children support toolkit

INTERNATIONAL HIV/AIDS ALLIANCE
FAMILY HEALTH INTERNATIONAL
December 2005

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This is a collection of information, tools and guidance on supporting orphans and other vulnerable children living in a world with HIV/AIDS. It covers a wide range of subject areas, including running a programme, health and nutrition, education, psychosocial support, economic strengthening, living environments and children's rights. It contains a wide range of useful resources on the different topic areas. It also contains a section on early childhood development

Social transfers and chronic poverty : emerging evidence and the road ahead

DEPARTMENT FOR INTERNATIONAL DEVELOPMENT (DFID)
October 2005

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This paper examines the costs and benefits of social transfers for developing countries. More specifically, it identifies that the successful implementation of social transfers is contingent on: political support and ownership within the country; supportive government policy; integration into a larger social protection framework; and stronger institutional capacity. This work would be useful for anyone with an interest in development planning, social protection and poverty alleviation

World Development Report 2006 : equity and development

WORLD BANK
September 2005

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The 2006 World Development Report focuses on equity and development strategy. It builds on and extends frameworks discussed in the 2004 report. Equity is a potentially important factor affecting both the workings of the investment environment and the empowerment of the poor - the two major lines of the World Bank's poverty reduction strategy. The report describes current levels of and recent trends in inequalities along some key dimensions, both within and across countries; discusses whether such inequalities matter and, if so, how it may be possible to reduce them in ways which, rather than harming economic efficiency and growth, may indeed help promote them; and explores the role of domestic policies and international forces, and the potential for international action to reduce inequalities

Dismantling the poverty trap : disability policy for the 21st century|Policy brief

STAPLETON, David C
et al
July 2005

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This policy brief highlights that public expenditures to support disabled people in America are growing at an unsustainable rate given working-age Americans with disabilities are more likely to live in poverty than other Americans. The paper provides suggestions for implementing broad, systemic reforms to promote economic self-sufficiency for people with disabilities. This policy brief is useful for policy makers, practitioners and people with disabilities interested in American policies for people with disabilities

On the margins : violence against women with disabilities

NAIDU, Ereshnee
et al
April 2005

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This report explores why disabled women are more susceptible to violence then non-disabled women. It further examines how service providers respond to their needs, and the barriers associated with accessing proper assistance. The authors also investigate the role of government in providing health services that provide equal and adequate support. This work tackles issues of social isolation, stigma, and human rights

Stories of women with disabilities pursuing employment in Guyana : as employees or as entrepreneurs

HALL, Karen
April 2005

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This thesis analyses the stories of 20 women with disabilities highlighting their employment experiences, and compares the findings to the National Development Strategy and the community work carried out by local women organisations. The thesis highlights the social theory section on community economic development and is useful to people interested in the employment experiences of women with disabilities in Guyana

Our common interest : report of the Commission for Africa

COMMISSION FOR AFRICA
March 2005

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This wide-ranging report was produced by the Commission For Africa, assembled by British Prime Minister Tony Blair in 2004 to define the challenges facing Africa, and to provide clear recommendations on how to support the changes needed to reduce poverty. The report is in two parts. The first, The Argument, addresses itself to a wider audience and sets out the Commission's call to action. The second part, The Analysis and Evidence, lays out the substance and basis of the recommendations. Recommendations are set out between these two sections. Topics covered include governance, peace and security, social issues such as education, health and vulnerability, and economic growth and development

The contributions of ICTs to pro-poor growth

BATCHELOR, Simon
SCOTT, Nigel
TAYLOR, Nigel
March 2005

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A background paper prepared for the DAC Network on Poverty Reduction. It provides a useful overview of definitions of ICT, pro-poor growth thinking and impacts on poverty

Integrating food and nutrition into HIV and AIDS strategies

MCDERMOTT, Peter
2005

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This is a slide presentation which considers the role of food and nutrition in the context of HIV and AIDS. It notes the vicious cycle of malnutrition, HIV and poverty and the effects of HIV and AIDS on nutrition, household food security and food production. HIV and AIDS also have an impact on the agricultural sector and examples are shown from Kenya, Zambia and Malawi. Increased malnutrition can lead to adults needing more access to quality health care but not getting it, increased caring for sick adults means less time for childcare, and children drop out of school to help with household labour. Finally, UNICEF support to nutrition and HIV and AIDS is shown along with their current operational approach. The Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) and World Food Program (WFP) approach is also considered

The spillover impacts of Africa's orphan crisis

EVANS, David
2005

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This is a study using a collection of 41 demographic and health surveys from 26 African countries. The households that provide care for orphans are characterised, and the impact of taking in orphans on outcomes for other household residents, including children's health and education, is estimated. A key finding is that orphan care is concentrated in households with fewer other childcare responsibilities, especially elderly households. The researcher found no evidence that having an orphan join the household significantly affected the household, contrary to popular views that orphans generate negative spillovers

Human development report 2005 : international cooperation at a crossroads. Aid, trade and security in an unequal world

WATKINS, Kevin
2005

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The 2005 report takes stock of human development, including progress towards the MDGs. Looking beyond statistics, it highlights the human costs of missed targets and broken promises. Extreme inequality between countries and within countries is identified as one of the main barriers to human development and as a powerful brake on accelerated progress towards the MDGs. The report argues that poverty and inequality need urgent attention. It gives a comparison of life expectancy in various countries and puts forward a case that the response from the international community to HIV/AIDS pandemic has been lacking. The report indicates that child mortality has been on the rise compared to the 1980s when the trend had been reversed

Good practice paper on ICTs for economic growth and poverty reduction

BATCHELOR, Simon
SCOTT, Nigel
et al
2005

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This report aims to give an overview of what DAC members currently know about how information and communication technology (ICT) use in developing economies can stimulate economic growth and poverty reduction. It draws attention to the cross-cutting applications of ICTs, to their role as tools, not goals, and links their use to development co-operation

The impact of antiretroviral treatment on AIDS mortality : a study focusing on educators in South African public schools

REHLE, Thomas
SHISANA, Olive
2005

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This study attempts to estimate the impact of antiretroviral treatment on AIDS mortality over the next ten years, focusing on educators in South African public schools. Recently, African governments have scaled up ART initiatives, but the full potential of wider access to treatment is still unknown. The results of this study show that given that ART only delays death, AIDS mortality rate will increase over time among treated people. Further, as HIV-positive people will survive longer, an expansion of ART programmes will result on higher HIV prevalence. These findings have crucial implications for the education sector. The paper calls for new government policies aimed at increasing the number of students preparing to become teachers and raising the retirement age of educators

One in two : children are the key to Africa's future

SAVE THE CHILDREN
2005

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In many African countries, children make up half of the population, and the cycle of poverty can only end with the full recognition of childrens' rights. The statistics on the state of child welfare, health, and education are shocking: 12.5 million have lost both parents to AIDS, and around 2.2 million are HIV-positive. Half of all children fail to complete primary education. This document urges governments, donors and multilateral agencies to work towards: free HIV/AIDS health services, free education, economic justice for Africa's children, food security for children, the end of children's involvement in war and transparency to tackle corruption

Poverty, equity and health research

MATLIN, Stephen
Ed
2005

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The Global Forum Update on Research for Health is the result of a collaboration between the Global Forum for Health Research and Pro-Brook Publishing Limited. This second volume focuses on the cultural, social and economic factors that contribute to the growing health disparities within and between populations, and in particular between high-income countries and low-income countries. The articles address the theme of poverty, equity and health research, which was also the theme of Forum 9, held in Mumbai in 2005

Gender and ICTs for development : a global sourcebook

VALK, Minke
CUMMINGS, Sarah
VAN DAM, Henk
Eds
2005

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This book aims to document and analyse emerging experiences in the field of gender, ICT and develoment, and addresses policy, programmatic and theoretical issues and debates. Case studies explore the use of satellites, mobile telephones, wireless networks and applications such as Internet, email, distance learning, teleworking, digital radio and video. Some conclusions from the case studies are that: ICTs are not gender-neutral, because women seek to use them to break out of systematic discrimmination, and even gender violence; women use ICTs transform low-tech projects into more strategic initiatives that address gender inequities; links to policy and control of communication networks, of both new and conventional media are evident. The editors argue that there is a need to go beyond simply "women and technology" to focus on gender relations in communication and learning

In the balance : disabled people's experiences of debt

KOBER, Claire
2005

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This report examines how disabled people become indebted as a result of social exclusion. Not only does this work delve into the causes and manifestations of social exclusion, it provides statistical analysis and testimony from disabled people. In its conclusions it provides a series of recommendations to alleviate debt, by appealing to governments, financial institutions and regulators. This resource would be useful to anyone with an interest in debt, finance and disability and development

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