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Older persons in emergencies : an active ageing perspective

PLOUFFE, Louise
2008

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This report considers the contribution that older people can make during natural or conflict-related emergencies and in reconstruction phases. It describes the converging trends of rapid growth of the population over 60 years of age and of health emergencies, and outlines the resulting challenges. It then outlines the basic elements of emergency planning, drawing on case studies to identify the impacts of these situations on older people; it looks at the WHO Active Ageing policy framework; and offers a policy response

Exclusion of disabled people from microcredit in Africa and Asia : a literature study

CRAMM, J M FINKENFLUGEL, H
2008

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People with disabilities are barred from microcredit schemes. A literature search on the participation of people with disabilities in microcredit schemes resulted in 16 documents. The statements, recommendations and generalisations in these documents are not supported with strong evidence and are 'expert opinions' at best. Inclusion of people with disabilities within institutional schemes and self-helping schemes is recommended throughout the world. However, these seem most affected by excluding mechanisms and inclusion numbers lag behind. The absence of people with disabilities from these two schemes makes them a less attractive option. To fulfil the current needs of people with disabilities; ad-hoc schemes should continue and even expand their work. The pragmatic solution is to work with the available resources in order to change the situation of people with disabilities.

Skills development through community based rehabilitation (CBR) : a good practice guide

INTERNATIONAL LABOUR OFFICE (ILO)
2008

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This guide provides an overview of CBR and illustrates examples of skill development for people with disabilities through CBR programmes. Topics are divided into six chapters and case studies highlighting good practices of skills development and enhancing access to work are included throughout the guide. This guide is useful for practitioners, policy makers and programme developers who are interested in skills development for people with disabilities through CBR

Recognizing ability : the skills and productivity of persons with disabilities|Literature review

POWERS, Tony
2008

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This resource highlights the contribution of skills development to enhancing the productivity of disabled persons. General background information is provided about the labour market, people with disabilities, productivity and access to employment. Various approaches to skills development are examined with details outlining 'What works, where, and why'. It would be a useful resource for people interested in skills development of people with disabilities in developing countries

Training for success : a guide for peer trainers

INTERNATIONAL LABOUR ORGANIZATION (ILO)
2008

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This guide was developed to help train peer trainers to teach others about how to run a business. It is based on ILO proects and was field-tested in a 2007 project in Cambodia. Key aspects of the peer training method are highlighted with useful steps, illustrations and case studies. This manual is useful for people interested in training peer trainers

Count us in!|How to make sure that women with disabilities can participate effectively in mainstream women’s entrepreneurship development activities

GILBERT, Maureen
2008

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These guidelines aim to facilitate the inclusion of women with disabilities in general entrepreneurship training and services in mainstream Women’s Entrepreneurship Development activities. They contain practical advice, training programmes, tools and materials for promoting entrepreneurship and improving livelihoods for women with disabilities. They would be useful for service providers interested in women entrepreneurs with disabilities

Evaluating functional & economic outcomes of the mental health development model in North Karnataka, India

MISHRA, Subrat Kumar
et al
2008

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“Poverty and mental illness compound one another, creating an environment of despair for some of the most vulnerable people in low and middle-income countries. Mental health intervention programmes in resource-poor settings such as rural Northern India must understand and address the economic burden of mental illness, in addition to clinical and functional outcomes. The BasicNeeds [BN]- Nav Bharat Jagruti Kendra [NBJK] intervention programme, located in rural Northern India, aims to improve quality of life for people with mental disorders and their families, through treatment, livelihoods and capacity building interventions based on the Mental Health and Development Model. This prospective evaluation assessed economic outcomes of 138 people with mental disorders involved in the BN-NBJK programme over a period of two years”

Guidelines: Incentives for health professionals

WELLER, Bridget
2008

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Staff costs dominate health services expenditure and ongoing shortages in the availability of health professionals present a real and direct threat to the continued delivery and development of health care services. Incentives, both financial and non-financial, provide one tool that governments and other employer bodies can use to develop and sustain a workforce with the skills and experience to deliver the required care. Financial incentives (wages and conditions, performance-linked payments and others) and nonfinancial incentives (career and professional development, workload management, flexible working arrangements, positive working arrangements and access to benefits and supports) are both discussed. The characteristics of an effective incentive scheme and the development of an incentive package are described. 

How does HIV/AIDS affect the elderly in developing countries?

POPULATION REFERENCE BUREAU (PRB)
August 2007

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This edition highlights recent research studies that explore the impact of HIV/AIDS on the elderly in developing countries. It considers various issues including; caring for families, the economic impact, the health consequences, attitudes, and support for the elderly

Protecting households from catastrophic health spending

Xu Ke
David B. Evans
Guido Carrin
Ana Mylena Aguilar-Rivera
Philip Musgrove
Timothy Evans
et al
July 2007

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Many countries rely heavily on patients’ out-of-pocket payments to providers to finance their health care systems. This prevents some people from seeking care and results in financial catastrophe and impoverishment for others who do obtain care.  Data from a large data set (116 surveys covering 89 countries) provided global estimates of the extent of catastrophic spending and impoverishment associated with out-of-pocket payments. Prepayment mechanisms protect people from financial catastrophe, but no strong evidence is reported that social health insurance systems offer better or worse protection than tax-based systems. Health system and population characteristics associated with high levels of catastrophic spending are examined to provide a basis for assessing the policy options available to reduce the incidence of financial catastrophe

 

 

Circle of impact : the fatal footprint of cluster munitions on people and communities

HANDICAP INTERNATIONAL
Eds
May 2007

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This report documents the lasting economic and social impact of cluster munitions on families and communities. It also shows that these casualties occur while people carry out their daily livelihood activities in familiar places. Available in several languages, the report is written in an accessible style, and would be useful to anyone working in international disability and development and conflict situations

Strategies for skills acquisition and work for persons with disabilities in Southern Africa : synthesis report|Malawi, South Africa, Zambia

INTERNATIONAL LABOUR OFFICE (ILO)
February 2007

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This report of a study completed by the ILO in Malawi, South Africa and Zambia, examines access for persons with disabilities to acquire training and obtain employment. The study finds that if given opportunities to learn new skills, persons with disabilities are equally as likely to contribute to society and the overall economy as non-disabled persons. Recommendations are provided for government and non-government organisations. This report would be useful for governments, NGOs and practitioners interested in strategies for skills acquisition and work for persons with disabilities in southern Africa

Creating an inclusive society : mainstreaming disability based on the social economy example

European Standing Conference of Co-operatives, Mutual Societies, Associations and Foundations (CEP-CMAF)
Ed
2007

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This guide, written in cooperation with the European Disability Forum (EDF), is principally concerned with the processes for mainstreaming disability into organisational policy and practice. Written in an accessible, easy-to-use format, the guide aims to demonstrate examples of good organisational practice, specifically with regard to developing Social Economy enterprises and local co-operatives. It is aimed at all types of organisations which have an interest in improving access and inclusion for people with disabilities

Behind the pandemic : uncovering the links between social inequity and HIV/AIDS

DE PAUW, Lia
2007

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This is an education toolkit which takes an exploratory and participatory approach to helping improve people's understanding about international HIV and AIDS issues and the links between HIV and AIDS and social inequity and poverty. There are three modules: Background and Basics, a Global HIV Pandemic Simulation, and Moving Into Action: Stopping the Pandemic. It also contains an extensive information section and instructions for leading the sessions

Gender, sexuality, rights and HIV : an overview for community sector organizations

BANERJEE, Sumita
SHARMA, Upasana
2007

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This is a summary of a desk-based literature review that examines the factors that contribute to the vulnerability and risk of HIV infection in men, women, and men-who-have-sex-with-men. It is a resource for NGOs and Community Based Organisations to build a greater understanding of how gender and sexuality determine vulnerability to HIV. It also highlights major human rights declarations, treaties and recommendations that can be used by individuals and associations to advocate for their rights and hold decision makers accountable to their commitments

Nutritional anaemia

BADHAM, Jane
ZIMMERMANN, Michael B
KRAEMER, Klaus
Eds
2007

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This is guide offers a comprehensive summary of the critical issues from prevalence data and statistics, to economics, through to the diagnosis, funcational consequences and background information on each of the micronutrients believed to be directly or indirectly invovled in anaemia

Getting started! : running a junior farmer field and life school|Empowering orphans and vulnerable children living in a world with HIV and AIDS

WIEGERS, Esther
HILL, Catherine
COLBERT, Patricia
2007

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This manual was developed from the experiences of a number of communities and organisations in southern and eastern Africa in creating Junior Farmer Field and Life Schools as a response to the growing number of orphans and vulnerable children. For many reasons these children more likely than other orphans to be at risk from malnutrition, disease, abuse, stigmatisation and sexual exploitation. The risk of sexual exploitation is particularly significant for those left alone to cope with poverty and who are forced to adopt adult roles and ensure food for the rest of the family. As parents and family members become ill, children take on greater domestic, agricultural and income generating responsibilities. HIV and AIDS has a particular impact on girls who are left to care for ailing parents, or who have to become the heads of households upon the death of caregivers. Also, as many parents are dying at a young age orphaned children are growing up without the necessary knowledge and skills for their future livelihood

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