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Global survey of inclusive early childhood development and early childhood intervention programs

VARGAS-BARON, Emily
et al
March 2019

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To learn more about the current status of IECD (inclusive early childhood development) and ECI (early childhood intervention) programs, three international organizations collaborated to conduct a global survey: RISE Institute; UNICEF; and the Early Childhood Development Task Force (ECDtf), which is within the Global Partnership on Children with Disabilities (GPcwd). This large survey was designed in 2016, was conducted in 2017, and the report was prepared in 2018.

 

The main objectives of the survey were to:

  • Map current implementation of IECD and ECI programs and related activities;
  • Describe key IECD and ECI program features;
  • Identify gaps and challenges in providing accessible IECD and ECI services;
  • Document factors associated with successful implementation and scale-up;
  • Generate recommendations to inform future policy and program development and national planning and implementation efforts.

 

The online survey targeted a range of programs, and activities including IECD and ECI services; rehabilitation and habilitation services; humanitarian, emergency, and child Global Survey of Inclusive ECD and ECI Programs 8 protection services; advocacy campaigns; and research and evaluation projects. 

 

Program respondents provided information on 426 programs that were implemented in 121 countries. 

Early childhood stimulation interventions in developing countries : a comprehensive literature review

BAKER-HENNINGHAM, Helen
BOO, Florencia Lopez
September 2010

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"This report reviews the effectiveness of early childhood stimulation interventions in developing countries. The report aims to answer the questions: What works in terms of early stimulation for young children in developing countries? For whom and under what conditions do these programs work and why do they work. The report is divided into several sections. Firstly, a brief discussion of the importance of early stimulation for young children in developing countries is provided. Secondly, the methods used to identify and characterize studies are provided and a review of randomized or quasi-experimental trials is presented. Thirdly, a review of the evidence for who benefits most from early interventions is presented followed by a review of program characteristics that affect the success of interventions and an examination of potential mechanisms through which interventions achieve their effects. Finally, recommendations for practice and future research are provided"
IDB working paper series

Categories of disability under IDEA

NATIONAL DISSEMINATION CENTER FOR CHILDREN WITH DISABILITIES (NICHCY)
April 2009

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This document provides information about the different disability categories for children with disabilities under the US federal law Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (IDEA). It defines the 13 disability categories and provides information about services available to families. This resource is useful to people interested in categories of disabilities under IDEA

CHARGE and multi-sensory impairment

SENSE
2008

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This factsheet describes multi-sensory impairment and what it means for individuals with CHARGE. It provides details about functional deafblindness and early intervention, developmental delays, the need for monitoring and support available. This factsheet is useful for people interested in CHARGE and multisensory impairment

An online operational rainfall-monitoring resource for epidemic malaria early warning systems in Africa

GROVER-KOPEC, E
et al
2005

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Malaria Early Warning Systems are advocated as a means of improving the opportunity for preparedness and timely response to malaria epidemics. Rainfall is one of the major factors triggering epidemics in warm semi-arid and desert-fringe areas. Consequently, rainfall monitoring forms one of the essential elements for the development of integrated Malaria Early Warning Systems for sub-Saharan Africa, as outlined by the World Health Organization. The Roll Back Malaria Technical Resource Network on Prevention and Control of Epidemics recommended that a simple indicator of changes in epidemic risk in regions of marginal transmission, consisting primarily of rainfall anomaly maps, could provide immediate benefit to early warning efforts. In response to these recommendations, the Famine Early Warning Systems Network produced maps that combine information about dekadal rainfall anomalies, and epidemic malaria risk, available via their Africa Data Dissemination Service. These maps were later made available in a format that is directly compatible with HealthMapper, the mapping and surveillance software developed by the WHO's Communicable Disease Surveillance and Response Department. A new monitoring interface has recently been developed at the International Research Institute for Climate Prediction (IRI) that enables the user to gain a more contextual perspective of the current rainfall estimates by comparing them to previous seasons and climatological averages. These resources are available at no cost to the user and are updated on a routine basis

Health Canada unveils new health threat alert system

January 2005

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This brief article reports on a new global system to detect public health and bioterrorism threats, developed in Canada. The system will be used to track high-profile threats, as well as lesser problems such as contamination to food and water sources, natural disasters, and unsafe medical products, drugs and medical devices. WHO is a key recipient of the alerts, and is using the information to develop plans of action to control outbreaks

Virtual information on health emergencies and disasters for South America

January 2005

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This brief article reports on Peru's Virtual Disaster Library, which focuses on disasters in South America. The library is powered by two databases: DESAS and INFOR. DESAS provides access to full-text documents, bibliographic references for in-person consultations, courses and events related to natural, manmade and social disasters. The INFOR database keeps up-to-date information on events throughout Peru using a simple spreadsheet on the web to consolidate reports and provide a quick preliminary analysis. The virtual library is available to the entire disaster community at www.minsa.gob.pe/ogdn

Learning in practice : lessons from the disability and healthcare technology knowledge and reserach programme

HEALTHLINK WORLDWIDE
GIC LIMITED
2002

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Jointly managed by healthlink Worldwide and GIC Ltd, the programme funded 17 projects between September 2000 and March 2003. The purpose of this pack is to colate and share learning from various strands of the programme. It has been compiled from reports of projects by Healthlink Worldwide and GIC staff and from feedback from the projects themselves

Strategic issues in preventing cataract blindness in developing countries

Ellwein, L B
Kupfer, C
1995

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Cataract blindness is a public health problem of major proportions in developing countries. Intracapsular cataract extraction with aphakic spectacles has been the standard surgical technique for restoring sight. Because of image magnification in the operated eye, however, the result in unilaterally blind patients is less than satisfactory. Fortunately, with the availability of low-cost intraocular lenses ( IOL) and ophthalmologists trained in extracapsular surgery, it is now practical to intervene successfully in the unilateral case. The need for increased attention on the quality of the visual outcome is only one of three important strategic issues in cataract blindness control. The existing high prevalence of cataract blindness in developing countries and an increasing cataract incidence due to an aging population require substantial increases in surgical volume. The third issue relates to cost. If significant increases in surgical volume and quality of outcomes are to be realised without an increased need for external funding, service delivery must be made more efficient. The expansion of IOL surgery for unilateral blindness is a favourable trend in ensuring financial sustainability of delivery systems; patients can be operated on while still economically productive and able to pay rather than waiting for bilateral blindness and a less favourable economic and social impact. It the quality, volume, and cost issues are to be successfully addressed, operational and structural changes to eye care delivery systems are necessary. These changes can be effected through training, technology introduction, management of facilities, social marketing, organizational partnerships, and evaluation. With improved understanding of the critical factors in successful models their widespread replication will be facilitated.

Childhood blindness : a new form for recording causes of visual loss in children

Gilbert C et al
1993

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The new standardized form for recording the causes of visual loss in children is accompanied by coding instructions and by a database for statistical analysis. The aim is to record the causes of childhood visual loss, with an emphasis on preventatble and treatable causes, so that appropriate control measures can be planned. With this standardized methodology, it will be possible to monitor the changing patterns of childhood blindness over a period of time in response to changes in health care services, specific interventions, and socio- economic development.

Practical screening priorities for hearing impairment among children in developing countries

Gell, F M et al
1992

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Routine screening for hearing impairment in childhood is now widespread in industrial countries, although there is considerable controversy over the most efficient techniques and procedures. In most developing countries, however, routine screening programmes for hearing impairment do not currently exist. The problems involved in implementing screening programmes in developing and industrial countries are very different, and in selecting screening procedures for a particular population the following factors have to be taken into consideration: the environmental test conditions; the availability of resources for equipment and the training of testers; the local attitudes towards disability; the level of hearing impairment. We suggest that in developing countries children should be screened at school entry using a simple field audometer and that the external ear be inspected for the presence of a discharge. There is an urgent need to develop reliable and simple screening procedures for infants and young children; where possible, all children should be screened for severe or significant hearing impairment before the age of 2 years. No screening should, however, be implemented until appropriate follow-up services are available.

Prevention of mental handicaps in children in primary health care

Shah, P M
1991

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Some 5-15 percent of children aged 3 to 15 years in both developing and developed countries suffer from mental handicaps... the primary health care approach involving families and communities and instilling the spirit of self-care and self-help is indispensable. Mothers and other family members, traditional births attendents, community health workers, as well as nurse midwives and physicians should be involved in prevention and intervention acitivites, for which they should be trained and given knowledge and skills about appropriate technologies such as the risk approach, home-based maternal record, partograph, mobilogram (kick count), home-risk card, icterometer, and mouth-to- mask or bag and mask resuscitation of the newborn...

Indian accessible disability data (I-ADD)

INDIAN ACCESSIBLE DISABILITY DATA (I-ADD)

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This interactive database aims to create a 'bridge' between service providers and persons with disability in India. Whilst India has signed and ratified the UN Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities, reliable information is still needed to enable planning of rehabilitation services in rural and urban areas
Two types of databases are available on this website. One is an initiative of Rehabilitation Council of India in collaboration with CBR Network which provides a database on non government organizations, disabled people’s organizations, special schools, inclusive schools, community based organizations, parents groups, self-help groups and training institutes working in disability sector in India. The second database is an initiative of CBR NETWORK (South Asia) and Karnataka Child Rights Commission which provides data available through disability registers-village disability register and urban disability register. This data provides information on the individuals with disabilities and their needs, and also provides profiles of village panchayaths in India
This information can be used to assess the extent of human resource development required, allocating funds for programmes such as community-based rehabilitation, inclusive education, early intervention, skill development and employment opportunities

Syndromes associated with deafblindness

SENSE INTERNATIONAL (INDIA)

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Deafblindness is a low incidence disability and there is a lack of information on deafblindness, especially in health professions in India and South east Asia. This publication provides information to raise awareness about deafblindness and the different conditions and syndromes associated with this condition. This booklet is useful for all health professionals, especially pediatricians, child specialists, neonatologists, general physicians and referral doctors

Friends of the disabled association

FRIENDS OF THE DISABLED ASSOCIATION

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Friends of the Disabled Association (FDA) is an advocacy voluntary organisation. It was started in 1978 by group of parents of persons with intellectual disabilities. FDA's purpose is to promote the full range of Human Rights for persons with disabilities and their parents through multiple programmes. Their main programmes are in early intervention, basic teaching, intermediate level, secondary level, prevocational & vocational training. FDA's main goal is to secure self-discrimination, independent living and being included in their communities.  FDA aims to establish a Trust Fund to secure life quality on the life span of persons with intellectual disability.

 

FDA considers that the adoption of UN CRPD and the ILO Recommendation Social Protection Floors will secure better life quality for persons with disability and their families

National Resource Centre for Inclusion (NRCI)

SPASTICS SOCIETY OF INDIA

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This website contains a wide range of publications for sale in both English and Hindi covering many aspects of disability. The website also describes projects currently being carried out by NRCI, on inclusive education in early childhood and research. NRCI organises conferences called 'North-South Dialogues' and documents from these conferences can be downloaded from the website

The center for deaf-blind persons

BETH DAVID INSTITUTE

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This website describes the work of the Center for Deaf-Blind Persons in Israel, which provides a variety of rehabilitation services and programmes including a learning centre, a social recreational club, an early identification programme, an ulpan for deaf-blind new immigrants, a psycho-drama workshop and a role model programme for children with Usher syndrome. In addition, specific deafblind information is given for related research articles, personal accounts of disability, international links and details of Israeli disability rights and services

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