This book contains WHO’s annual compilation of data from its 193 Member States, and includes a summary of progress towards the health-related Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) and targets. This edition also contains a new section on reported cases of selected infectious diseases. An online version of this publication and metadata describing the sources, estimation methods and the quality of estimates is available at http://www.who.int/statistics. The online version will be regularly updated as new data become available during 2009
This manual gives practical guidance on how to select, design, construct and maintain appropriate excreta disposal systems to reduce faecal transmission risks and protect public health in emergency situations. It outlines the key issues to be considered when assessing excreta disposal needs and priorities, and provides guidance on how to plan, design and construct appropriate systems, and on how to maintain and promote appropriate use of those systems. It is designed for use by field-based technicians, engineers and non-technical staff responsible for sanitation planning, management and intervention in emergencies
This brief reports on the effects that membership in community-based health financing schemes has on the use of health services when a member is ill or injured and, specifically, on priority child health services (immunisations, vitamin A supplementation, treatment of diarrhoeal disease, and prevention and treatment of malaria). The results come from household surveys performed by the Partners for Health Reformplus project (PHRplus) in the three West African countries of Ghana, Mali, and Senegal in 2004
Drawing from the collective knowledge and analytical work of the many experts who have contributed to this volume, this chapter provides a broader perspective on the relative efficiency and effect on health of a number of interventions than is possible in a single, condition-specific chapter. The objective is to provide information on the cost-effectiveness estimates for 319 interventions covering nearly every disease condition considered in the volume, and the resulting avertable burden of disease. This chapter provides broad conclusions on the economic efficiency of using these interventions to improve health.
This guide is an accessible tool for small group discussion. It aims at helping communities improve their lifestyle through better hygine and sanitation practices. Prevention of diseases is more effective if people can make their own informed decisions regarding sanitation, hygiene and water supplies. The guide adopts a Christian perspective and in the last section of the book the topics of hygiene, water and sanitation are linked to the Bible's teachings on holiness, baptism and purity
This document offers practical guidelines to help communities improve hygiene behaviour and prevent the spread of diarrhoeal diseases. Using a typical PHAST approach, it advocates the adoption of participatory methods and the involvement and empowerment of communities. Tailored for facilitators and programme managers working in the community, it provides some key background concepts and suggests detailed step-by-step activities that should help identify, analyse and plan solutions to the related problems of water management, sanitation, hygiene behaviour and diarrhoeal diseases
This publication presents eight case studies that demonstrate that effective and sustainable action depends on changes in people; those who make and influence decisions about development priorities and at village level those who change their everyday lives. The cases show that these changes depend on effective communication efforts. They also demonstrate that communication is more than just information, it is a two-way process involving asking and listening
A peer-reviewed journal freely available on the Internet, addressing a range of health issues relating to nutrition, water and sanitation and population.
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Source e-bulletin on Disability and Inclusion