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Life-saving HIV treatment : three problems, one solution

UNITAID
2009

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This animation gives a clear explanation of the benefits of creating a patent pool for HIV medicines. Such a pool would enable drug licence holders to receive a fee while also enabling patents to be accessed by researchers, working on the development of new medicines, and generic manufacturers, which could potentially make newer medicines more affordable to people living in developing countries

Paediatric ARV roll-out in South Africa

HORIZONS PROGRAM
CAPE TOWN UNIVERSITY
2005

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The Horizons Program of the Population Council and the University of Cape Town are conducting a study to identify successful programme strategies in paediatric HIV treatment in South Africa and to determine priority knowledge gaps to be addressed by operations research. This report summarises key findings from the initial consultative workshop of expert practitioners and stake-holders, focusing on the status of providing antiretroviral therapy to children in South Africa and strategies to expand and improve services. It includes providing services to under six year olds

Access to medicines in under-served markets : what are the implications of changes in intellectual property rights, trade and drug registration policy?

DFID HEALTH SYSTEMS RESOURCE CENTRE (HSRC)
September 2004

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This overview draws on seven studies commissioned by the UK's Department for International Development. After providing some background, it considers the implications of stronger intellectual property protection for access to medicines; the prospects for supply in emerging and under-served markets; and makes recommendations for increasing access

Emerging challenges and opportunities in drug registration and regulation in developing countries

HILL, Suzanne
JOHNSON, Kent
May 2004

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This study describes current drug regulation and registration processes in selected countries, in order to understand how they affect the quality and availability of medicines in developing countries. It puts forward policy recommendations as to how systems can more efficiently allow appropriate quality drugs to be marketed and examines the emerging challenges and requirements posed by compulsory licensing, drugs for neglected diseases, anti-retroviral (ARV) and anti-tuberculosis (TB) drugs

Health systems strengthening and HIV/AIDS : an annotated bibliography and resources

KOLYADA, Lena
March 2004

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This annotated bibliography has been prepared in an effort to provide policy makers, technical personnel and other stakeholders with comprehensive information on the costs of interventions and impact of HIV on health systems. The documents included in the bibliograpy focus on those aspects of the pandemic most related to economic impact, financing and resource allocation, costing, health system strengthening, scaling up antiretroviral therapy, surveillance systems, and programme monitoring and evaluation. The bibliography describes 101 publications describing work done from 1995 onwards as well as a directory of web resources. The bibliography is not a comprehensive reveiw, but is rather intended to highlight current information in the field of HIV and health systems strengthening

Palliative care in Sub-Saharan Africa : an appraisal

HARDING, Richard
HIGGINSON, Irene
2004

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This report was written from the belief that palliative care is, and will be for the forseeable future, an essential component in the continuum of managing HIV/AIDS in sub-Saharan Africa. There is now a wealth of experience in sub-Saharan Africa about the ways in which palliative care can be delivered both affordably and effectively. However, there remains a lack of properly documented evidence and research to demonstrate the importance of this work and promote its development. This report provides a review of existing evaluations of palliative care projects in sub-Saharan Africa with an emphasis on isolating the factors that lead to sustainability, local ownership and scaling up; the role of palliative care in the management of HIV/AIDS and how to integrate palliative care and Anti-Retroviral Therapy (ART); primary health based care projects in two countries, Kenya and Malawi, that could provide lessons for the implementation of palliative care; lessons from other parallel programmes which mirror palliative care delivery, for example, tuberculosis programmes, and primary care programmes with good links to local clinics and hospitals, and community mobilization and empowerment projects linked to health facilities. In this way it contributes to the effort of providing an evidence base to demonstrate the importance of palliative care and provides a source of reference for policy makers, practitioners, donors and researchers

SciDev.Net : spotlight on mother to child transmission

SCIENCE AND DEVELOPMENT NETWORK

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This new online ‘spotlight’ on mother-to-child transmission of HIV brings together news, opinion and information on the latest research and international guidelines on the prevention of MTCT. The spotlight contains a comprehensive introduction to the issues with breast-feeding and drug therapy, including an overview of the current guidelines on anti-retrovirals; essential background reading on the basic science of mother-to-child transmission and its prevention as well as on anti-retrovirals, microbicides and vaccine development up to date news, features and opinion articles on mother-to-child transmission and links to key organisations in the field. The spotlight is a new edition to the HIV/AIDS quick guide which charts recent developments and indicates promising new avenues of treatment by bringing together topical coverage and background reading

UNITAID : together to heal

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UNITAID’s mission is to contribute to scaling up access to treatment for HIV and AIDS, malaria and tuberculosis, primarily for people in low-income countries, by leveraging price reductions for quality diagnostics and medicines and accelerating the pace at which these are made available

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