Resources search

Rehabilitation : a crucial component in the future of HIV care and support

NIXON, Stephanie
et al
June 2011

Expand view

"Provision of antiretroviral therapy (ART) is not an end in itself but a means to achieving improved wellness for people living with HIV. Rehabilitation, broadly defined, is another key contributor to wellness within this context. Understanding the potential for rehabilitation requires that one is able to consider HIV not only within a biomedical model that focuses on body systems, diagnoses and symptoms, but also within a rehabilitation framework that focuses on how these diagnoses and symptoms affect people’s lives more broadly. Furthermore, rehabilitation is a human rights imperative, which deserves the energetic attention enjoyed by other aspects of HIV treatment and care. In particular, the United Nations Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities (UNCRPD) is shining a long-overdue spotlight on the human rights imperatives associated with disability. For South Africa and other countries, proactively and meaningfully engaging rehabilitation in the HIV response will require major shifts on several fronts, including practice, education, policy and research. We argue that in settings where ART delivery is now widespread, HIV should be understood not only as a medical issue, but as a rehabilitation and disability concern. Whereas medicine adds years to life, it is rehabilitation that aims to add life to years"
Southern African Journal of HIV Medicine, Vol 12, No 2

Barriers to sustainable access of children and families to ART centres in rural India : a report on operations research conducted in Maharashtra and Manipur

INDIA HIV/AIDS ALLIANCE
December 2009

Expand view

This report identifies barriers that children and families face in accessing anti-retroviral therapy (ART) centres in rural India. The report also seeks to find solutions to these barriers based on an operations research conducted in Maharashtra Pradesh and Manipur. Operations research objectives: * To build an understanding among policy makers of the barriers faced by children and caregivers accessing ART services in rural communities. * To assess and highlight a basic minimum level of standards for ART centres in terms of adequacy, quality and timeliness of support needed. * To explore opportunities for linkages with state and district level departments and/or local self-governing institutions

South African national HIV prevalence, incidence, behavior and communication survey 2008 : turning a tide among teenagers ?

SHISANA, O
et al
2009

Expand view

"South Africa has the largest burden of HIV/AIDS and is currently implementing the largest antiretroviral treatment (ART) programme in the world. It is therefore fitting that South Africa is the first in the world to conduct three repeated national HIV population-based surveys to help monitor our response as a nation to the HIV/AIDS epidemic. This report is the third in a time series of population-based HIV seroprevalence surveys which started in 2002 and were repeated in 2005 and again in 2008"

Knowledge for action on equity in health in Uganda

MAKERERE UNIVERSITY, SCHOOL OF PUBLIC HEALTH
HEPS UGANAD - COALITION FOR HEALTH PROMOTION AND SOCIAL DEVELOPMENT
2008

Expand view

This is the report of a national meeting to promote policies for equity in health. It brought together government, academic and civil society institutions to explore, understand and propose options for reducing inequalities in health in Uganda

Towards universal access : scaling up priority HIV/AIDS interventions in the health sector : progress report 2008

WORLD HEALTH ORGNAIZATION (WHO)
JOINT UNITED NATIONS PROGRAMME ON HIV/AIDS (UNAIDS)
UNITED NATIONS CHILDREN'S FUND (UNICEF)
2008

Expand view

This report provides in-depth information on: treatment and care for people living with HIV; HIV testing and counselling; health sector interventions for HIV prevention; scaling up HIV services for women and children; strengthening health systems and health information; and towards universal access as the way forward

Genocide by denial : how profiteering from HIV/AIDS killed millions

MUGYENYI, Peter
2008

Expand view

This open access book charts the spread of AIDS and its impact on people in villages in Uganda, sub-Saharan Africa and the rest of the world and the unnecessary numbers of deaths, particularly among poor people that it has caused. It also looks at the campaign to gain universal access to anti-retroviral therapy and the limited level of response from the rich world. The author challenges pharmaceutical companies to develop more ethical and humanitarian ways to trade, involving crucial life-saving drugs, and calls for a new world order to ensure entitlement of the poor to rapid humanitarian relief

Positive prevention : HIV prevention with people living with HIV. A guide for NGOs and service providers

INTERNATIONAL HIV/AIDS ALLIANCE
September 2007

Expand view

This guide is intended as a resource to help nongovernmental organisation (NGO) staff and HIV service providers working across the spectrum of HIV prevention, treatment, care and support services to take steps towards integrating HIV prevention for, by and with people living with HIV. It is hoped it will also be of use both to individual people living with HIV and to their partners. The guide does not intend to discuss or review all HIV prevention strategies. Rather, it is a starting point from which to consider different strategies to assist NGO staff and HIV service provider organisations to support HIV positive people to live well with HIV and have safer sexual relationships within a full and healthy life. This guide focuses largely on the sexual transmission of HIV

Community engagement for universal access

INTERNATIONAL HIV/AIDS ALLIANCE
September 2007

Expand view

This briefing considers the need for community engagement as part of a comprehensive approach to HIV prevention, treatment, care and support for adults and children living with and affected by HIV, who should be involved and what the key components are for putting this into practice

Shadow report : Review of country coordinating mechanism proposals with SRH-HIV/AIDS integration submitted to the Global Fund round 7

DALY, M. Felicity
SCHECHTMAN, Lisa
August 2007

Expand view

This report considers efforts to integrate sexual and reproductive health (SRH) in the HIV & AIDS components of country coordinated proposals submitted in July 2007 by Country Coordinating Mechanisms (CCM) for the 7th Round of funding by the Global Fund to Fight AIDS, Tuberculosis and Malaria (Global Fund).

Pain relieving drugs in 12 African PEPFAR countries : mapping current providers, identifying current challenges, and enabling expansion of pain control provision in the management of HIV/AIDS

HARDING, Richard
et al
January 2007

Expand view

This study aims to identify current opioid prescribing services and regulatory bodies within 12 African PEPFAR (Presidents Emergency Plan for AIDS Relief ) countries, and to examine the barriers to, and appraise the potential for, expansion in the number of opioid providers, for people with HIV and AIDS according to the World Health Organization pain ladder. It concludes that while there are common issues raised by services and International Narcotics Control Board competent authorities, it is clear that these key stakeholders have concerns regarding the potential roll-out of opioids

Changing children's lives : experiences from memory work in Africa

HEALTHLINK WORLDWIDE
2007

Expand view

This publication aims to share learning from the memory work that Healthlink Worldwide and six other NGOs across sub-Saharan Africa have developed in response to the HIV epidemic. The focus is on learning and analysis in the theory and practice of memory work as well as demonstrating its effectiveness as an HIV response. It is aimed at international and national level policy makers who design and support HIV initiatives, as well as practitioners, who implement responses to the HIV epidemic directly at a local and national level

Treatment literacy : empowering communities to access AIDS treatment

DUNN, Alison
October 2006

Expand view

This paper explores the contribution of information and communication strategies to universal access to anti-retroviral treatment. It suggests that people taking antiretroviral drugs and their supporters need to understand new and complex ideas around drugs, side effects, nutrition and positive living. Treatment literacy aims to help individuals and communities understand why ARV treatment is needed, and what it can and cannot do. Effective treatment literacy, developed by or with people living with HIV and AIDS and those taking ART, can lead to improved health outcomes, better adherence to drug regimes and higher uptake of voluntary counselling and testing. Current resources and community capacity to understand and support antiretroviral therapy are not sufficient

Healthy babies, happy mothers : prevention of mother-to-child transmission of HIV (PMTCT). Training manual

CAMEROON BAPTIST CONVENTION HEALTH BOARD
May 2006

Expand view

This is a comprehensive manual on prevention of mother to child transmission of HIV. It is designed to help meet the needs of both the mother and the child in all critical stages of maternity and perinatal care. Places a great emphasis on psychological support and counselling, to enable HIV-positive mothers to make informed decisions and healthy choices. Include an overview of key mother-to-child transmission issues. Topics discussed also include: basic principles of HIV counseling; voluntary counseling and testing; confidentiality; instructions for nevirapine treatment of HIV-infected mothers and for HIV-infected mothers during antenatal, labor, delivery, and postnatal periods; counseling and support for safer infant feeding; follow-up and care of an infant born to an HIV-positive mother; follow-up and care of an HIV-positive mother; PMTCT support groups; laboratory HIV testing; universal precautions; PMTCT programme supervision and monitoring; reporting and management information system (MIS). This training manual is intended as a tool for health care workers who desire to know more about HIV and to help train counsellors who work in PMTCT centers

HIV and AIDS treatment education technical consultation report

UNITED NATIONS EDUCATIONAL, SCIENTIFIC AND CULTURAL ORGANIZATION (UNESCO)
WORLD HEALTH ORGANIZATION (WHO)
March 2006

Expand view

This is a report on a technical consultation on treatment education held in Paris November 22-23, 2005, which aimed to assess the current state of HIV treatment literacy and community preparedness, identify needs and recommend strategies for the future. The effectiveness of antiretroviral therapy (ART) and medical care relies on timely HIV testing and treatment adherence. Treatment education interventions addressing issues of stigma and complacency, have been shown to contribute to a wider uptake of testing services and to improve adherence to ART. The report calls for an integrated and synergetic collaboration between all stakeholders, including people with HIV, and for the adoption of a participatory, person-centred approach. It also acknowledges that while there is a wealth of initiatives aimed at improving community preparedness, there is also a need to scale up programmes that have shown to work. The report concludes with a number of key recommendations for future activities. Those include: providing support to partnership and inter-sectoral collaborations; integrating treatment education across HIV education programmes and health systems; differentiating and customising approaches according to settings and audiences; involving affected communities and individuals; monitoring and evaluating treatment education initiatives

[Treatment literacy guides]

I-BASE
2006

Expand view

i-Base produce a range of materials relating to HIV/AIDS and treatment literacy. One example is a small handbook based on the i-Based Introduction to Combination Therapy that focuses on the four main recommendations in the latest WHO treatment guidelines. It also comments on how HIV is treated in different countries and is designed to be adapted for different settings. Several countries such as Uganda, Slovakia and Russia have already produced their own adapted versions. Titles include:
Introduction to combination therapy
Avoiding & managing side effects
Changing treatment
HIV, pregnancy & women's health
Generic treatment booklet

HIV and AIDS and its treatment. Information pack : what you should know

KENYA AIDS NGOS CONSORTIUM (KANCO)
2006

Expand view

This accessible guide on HIV and AIDS covers all relevant aspects of the disease in simple and straightforward language. Contains essential information on HIV treatment, anti-HIV medications, treatment regimen failure, treatment regimen change, treatment adherence, HIV and pregnancy, HIV prevention, alternative therapies, and nutrition and AIDS. This package is aimed at people living with HIV, and affected families, communities and community care givers

[Treatment literacy materials]

TREATMENT ACCESS CAMPAIGN (TAC)
2006

Expand view

The Treatment Action Campaign (TAC) campaigns for greater access to HIV treatment for all South Africans, by raising public awareness and understanding about issues surrounding the availability, affordability and use of HIV treatments. It recognises the importance of treatment literacy and has produced a series of booklets, posters and factsheets on treatment aiming to encourage treatment literacy in the general population. A TAC publication "HIV in our lives" is a book of information sheets for clinics. There are opportunistic infections posters available in five different languages, nutrition fact sheets and short guides on a range of treatment issues such as treating opportunistic infections, pregnancy and HIV/AIDS, mother to child transmission of HIV/AIDS, and TB and HIV/AIDS. They can be found on the treatment literacy section of their website

Reporting manual on HIV/AIDS

KAISER FAMILY FOUNDATION (KFF)
2006

Expand view

This is a reporting guide on HIV and AIDS and other public health issues, particularly tuberculosis and malaria. The guide includes acronyms, historical and medical facts and information about the political and social aspects of the HIV and AIDS pandemic, a glossary, issues related to covering HIV and AIDS and language

Universal access by 2010|10 challenges along the way

HARDON, Anita
DANIELS, Colleen
2006

Expand view

This policy brief highlights ten challenges that need to be addressed to ensure that universal access becomes a reality by 2010 and positive health outcomes for people living with HIV and AIDS are guaranteed. They were put forward by health workers, policymakers and ART users from 14 countries

Q&A : the pharmaceutical industry and access to ARVs in Africa

HEALTH ACTION INTERNATIONAL AFRICA
December 2005

Expand view

To mark World AIDS Day 2005, HAI Africa has prepared a simple, concise fact sheet on the pharmaceutical industry's role in access to HIV/AIDS treatment. The document, written in a question-and-answer format, addresses the impact of generic competition, compulsory licences and what the industry can do to increase access. It asks questions such as 'Are pharmaceutical companies involved in initiatives to increase access to ARVs?' and 'Do patents on medicines have an impact on access to ARVs?'

Pages

E-bulletin

Source e-bulletin on Disability and Inclusion

Subscribe to updates