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Where there is no psychiatrist A mental health care manual

PATEL, Vikram
HANLON, Charlotte
March 2018

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This is a practical manual about mental health care, aimed at community health workers, primary care nurses, social workers and primary care doctors, particularly in low resource settings. It describes more than 30 clinical problems associated with mental illness, using a problem-solving approach to guide the reader through their assessment and management. It addresses the lack of understanding of mental health among many health workers. Mental health issues as they arise in specific contexts are described - in refugee camps, in school health programmes, as well as in mental health promotion. The final section helps the reader to personalise for a particular location, for example, by entering local information on voluntary agencies, the names and costs of medicines and words in the local language for symptoms.

 

This product is an update of the first edition 2003. It is also available as Open Access.

Review of leprosy research evidence (2002-2009) and implications for current policy and practice

VAN BRAKEL, Wim
et al
September 2010

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"The ILEP Technical Commission (ITC) advises ILEP member associations on technical aspects of leprosy. A major review of research evidence in leprosy was published prior to the International Leprosy Congress in 2002. This current report updates that review based on research published between 2002-2009 and focuses on interventions for prevention, early diagnosis, chemotherapy, reactions, prevention of disability, stigma measurement and reduction and rehabilitation in leprosy"
Leprosy Review, Vol 81, Issue 3

World malaria report 2009

WORLD HEALTH ORGANIZATION (WHO)
2009

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This report summarises information received from 108 malaria endemic countries and other sources and updates the analysis presented in the 2008 Report. It highlights progress made in meeting the World Health Assembly (WHA) targets for malaria to be achieved by 2010 and 2015, and new goals on malaria elimination contained in the Global Malaria Action Plan (2008)

Pharmacological treatment of mental disorders in primary health care

WORLD HEALTH ORGANIZATION (WHO)
2009

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This manual provides "evidence-based information to health care professionals in primary health care, especially in low- and middle-income countries, to be able to provide pharmacological treatment to persons with mental disorders. The manual contains basic principles of prescribing followed by chapters on medicines used in psychotic disorders; depressive disorders; bipolar disorders; generalised anxiety and sleep disorders; obsessive-compulsive disorders and panic attacks; and alcohol and opioid dependence"

Pain relieving drugs in 12 African PEPFAR countries : mapping current providers, identifying current challenges, and enabling expansion of pain control provision in the management of HIV/AIDS

HARDING, Richard
et al
January 2007

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This study aims to identify current opioid prescribing services and regulatory bodies within 12 African PEPFAR (Presidents Emergency Plan for AIDS Relief ) countries, and to examine the barriers to, and appraise the potential for, expansion in the number of opioid providers, for people with HIV and AIDS according to the World Health Organization pain ladder. It concludes that while there are common issues raised by services and International Narcotics Control Board competent authorities, it is clear that these key stakeholders have concerns regarding the potential roll-out of opioids

Adherence to HIV antiretroviral therapy

MACHTINGER, Edward L
BANGSBERG, David R
2005

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This "chapter" of the HIV InSite website provides a technical overview of key issues concerning adherence to ARV treatment including global rates of ARV adherence, implications of adherence, predictors and measuring adherence and interventions to promote adherence. While the emphasis is not on developing countries, one section on adherence in resource poor countries is of interest. It says that recent data suggests that even without dedicated adherence programmes, patients in resource poor settings have levels of adherence and virological suppression that are equivalent to, or possibly better than those seen in resource-rich settings. According to their data, financial barriers have been the only consistent predictor of incomplete adherence in resource limited settings

World malaria report 2005

ROLL BACK MALARIA
WORLD HEALTH ORGANIZATION (WHO)
UNITED NATIONS CHILDREN'S FUND (UNICEF)
2005

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A comprehensive report on the spread of malaria worldwide, including detailed profiles of countries' efforts to control the disease through treatment and prevention

HIV therapy

NATIONAL AIDS MANUAL (NAM)
2005

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"The British HIV Association (BHIVA) is the UK's professional body for doctors who care for people with HIV and AIDS. BHIVA produces guidelines on how the medical care of people with HIV should be managed. Recently, BHIVA has agreed revised practice guidelines for 2005/6 on the use of drugs given to treat HIV infection. This booklet has been written to help you decide what questions to ask your doctor about any course of treatment you might be considering. We don't intend for it to replace discussion with your doctor about treatment"

Psoriatic Care Fact File

PSORIATIC ARTHROPATHY ALLIANCE (PAA)
2004

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This fact file contains 32 fact sheets on psoriasis and psoriatic arthritis to enable healthcare providers to give a patient - at the point of treatment delivery - an instant answer to some of their questions, in a format which they will be able to understand and that professionals consider appropriate. This resource is available in printed or CD-ROM format as well as electronically

Challenges in leprosy rehabilitation

THOMAS, Maya
THOMAS, MJ
2004

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"’Multiple drug Therapy' (MDT) has transformed the outcome of leprosy in people affected by it. Leprosy affected persons develop much less disfiguring disabilities after use of MDT. As a result leprosy services are now becoming integrated into general health services. When this integration becomes stronger, leprosy rehabilitation is also likely to adopt methods followed by general health services. Vertical, stand-alone services, based on single aetiology like leprosy, will require some adaptation to fit in with the environment of general health services. The authors speculate that changes in leprosy rehabilitation could make 'community based rehabilitation' (CBR) an important method for the vast majority of leprosy patients who need rehabilitation. This paper discusses some of the concerns regarding the suitability of CBR for leprosy rehabilitation"
Asia Pacific Disability Rehabilitation Journal, Vol 15, No 1

Adherence to antiretroviral therapy in adults : a guide for trainers

HORIZONS. Population Council
2004

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Successful HIV therapy requires 95% adherence. As antiretrovirals are becoming more widely available and an increasing number of ARV programmes are launched in developing countries, HIV patients need to be helped to strictly follow a treatment plan. This manual, one of the first adherence training tools developed in Africa, has been designed for health professionals in the province of Mombasa, but can be adapted to other contexts. It consists of four modules, each including Power Point presentations, suggested activities and additional informative material. Module 1 provides basic information on adherence, highlighting the consequences of non-adherence. Module 2 deals with all aspects of patient preparation for adherence and module 3 aims to provide trainees with specific skills in preparatory counseling for patients prior initiating ARV treatment. Finally, module 4 is designed to help health care providers assist patients during treatment

Availability of anti-TB drugs in medical shops : a study in six RNTCP districts of Orissa

ASIAN INFORMATION MARKETING ANS SOCIAL RESEARCH
2002

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This report describes a research project, which aimed to identify the medical shops selling anti-TB drugs, the various brands of medicines available, the average sales of the drugs, whether or not these are sold with prescriptions, and the type of relationship between the medical shops and the health professionals (doctors) in the area. Data collection methods included a census of all medical shops, interviews with small samples of shopkeepers, stockists and medical representatives and patients being treated by private practitioners

Global plan to stop TB. Phase 1 : 2001 to 2005

STOP TB PARTNERSHIP
2002

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This resource outlines the Stop TB Partnership's first phase of a global plan to stop TB. It looks at number of aspects relating to TB and TB control, including: the challenges around global TB control; the power and potential of DOTS; the connection between TB and HIV/AIDS, and complementarities of potential responses; the growing threat of multidrug-resistant TB; the need to invest in the future; the global partnership to stop TB; Stop TB plans and how to support the global plan to stop TB

Tuberculosis : frequently asked questions

HEALTH AND DEVELOPMENT INITIATIVE - INDIA
2001

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This booklet written in Hindi provides information about TB, how TB is spread, diagnosed and treated. Questions related to Latent Tuberculosis Infection (LTBI), BCG vaccination and TB in HIV positive persons are also discussed. It also covers the WHO approved methodology of TB control, DOTS and what role TB patients can play in control of the disease. The Health and Development Initiative-India feels that this booklet will be of use to TB treatment supervisors, community and public health nurses working in TB control, health educators and TB programme managers in developed countries with sizeable Indian populations such as USA, Canada and Europe

5050 : 50 years : historical review. 50 months : countdown to a TB-free future

MACH, Adrea
2001

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This document presents a comprehensive historical review of TB control, focusing in particular on the progress since Amsterdam, on global initiatives and international funding, and success stories. It also looks at the challenges for the near future, arguing for an expansion of DOTS coverage, better education, effective public-private partnership and greater involvement of NGOs and calling for a scaling up of realistic programmes designed to control, rather than eliminate as yet, the disease. This publication will be useful to programme managers, NGOs and policy makers working in the area of TB control. Including a range of case studies and success stories, it shows what works best and what priorities should be set in the short and medium term

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