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Financing of social sectors : state of art in the international development debate

KLASEN, Stephan

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The development of poverty reduction strategies in recent years has seen a shift from a focus on income growth to a multidimensional approach, which aims to help the poor through improving the performance of all social sectors, including health, education and social protection. While the Millennium Development Goals espouse this view, progress is often patchy and unsatisfactory mainly due to insufficient funds and ineffective donors' involvement. This study discusses current financing practices through traditional project aid. It shows how and why they often fail to promote local ownership, sustainability, poor people priorities, capacity development and aid coordination. The study calls for the adoption of 'new' aid instruments, highlighting the benefits of direct budgetary support (DBS) and transitional arrangements, such as basket funding. This issues study is aimed at policy makers, donors, and NGOs, and it is an essential tool for anyone interested in the debate on development funding

Making evaluation results count : internalising evidence by learning [whole issue]

CARLSSON, Charlotte
August 2003

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Evaluations are perceived as learning opportunities and this document looks at some key ideas around how to improve the internalisation of evaluation results at different levels. Explores the relationship between learning and evaluation on three levels: in development policy and programming, in organisations, and in society at large. Considers the various different purposes of evaluation, what is meant by 'learning', and who should be learning. Describes some lessons around creating the conditions for effective learning, evaluation policy and practice, evaluators and professionalism, the need for further research and the value of south-south and south-north exchange.
The paper draws on a workshop called 'How can we learn from what we do? Evaluation and evidence-based communications for development'. There are questions raised within an institutional setting around who should learn, why should they learn and how should they set about it?

Guidance note on disability and development for EU delegations and services

March 2003

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This staff briefing note draws on policy documents from leading European disability organisations to give guidance to EU missions around the world. It uses a social model of disability and focuses on poverty reduction. It advocates a twin-track approach, consisting of both specific projects for disabled people and mainstreaming into all relevant development programmes

Health and human rights readers

SHUFTAN, Claudio

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A compilation of a series of electronic bulletins on health and human rights issues. Calls for a politicised NGO sector and an empowered people's movement to redress the 'charity' model of development and move to an authentically rights-based approach

Global spending on HIV/AIDS in resource poor settings

KATES, Jennifer
July 2002

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This policy brief looks at the range of resources currently being expended to address the HIV/AIDS epidemic in resource poor settings (developing countries and countries in transition). It includes bilateral, multilateral and private sector support as well as domestic spending by recipient country governments. There are also reports on philanthropic giving by the business community and pharmaceutical companies. There are estimates of global funding requirements and estimates on current spending. It is noted that tracking mechanisms are often ill-equipped to provide current data on spending patterns. Little is known about exact ways in which the money is spent

Financial resource flows for population activities in 2002


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Population activities range from family planning programmes, to demographic and contraceptive research and the formulation of family polices. In 2002 primary funds for population assistance reached almost $USD2.9 billion. Crucially, a conspicuous amount of donor expenditures went to STD/HIV/AIDS programmes. The report illustrates in detail the flow of financial resources for population activities in 2002, and shows the extent to which developing countries rely heavily on international aid and loans to finance their programmes

Civil voices on a global stage : HIVOS policy paper 2002


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Sets out Hivos' vision, policy and strategies for the future, in the context of globalization and changing political, economic and social institutions and practices. Emphasis is given to civil society building, sustainable development and interrelated activities in the South & East and the North

NGOs and partnership

BREHM, Vicky
April 2001

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This Policy Briefing Paper presents the findings from the first phase of INTRAC’s research ‘Promoting Effective North-South NGO Partnerships’ and draws out the implications for NGOs


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