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Not forgetting severe mental disorders in humanitarian emergencies: a descriptive study from the Philippines

WEINTRAUB, Ana Cecilia Andrade de Moraes
et al
November 2016

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"In response to the Typhoon Haiyan in the Philippines, Médecins Sans Frontières-Operational Centre Brussels (MSF-OCB) decided to concentrate its efforts in the severely affected area of Guiuan and its four surrounding municipalities. The MSF-OCB intervention included a comprehensive approach to mental health, including care for people with pre-existing and post-disaster severe mental disorders. Based on this experience of providing MH care in the first five months after Typhoon Haiyan, we report on the monthly volume of MH activities and beneficiaries; sociodemographic and care seeking characteristics of beneficiaries receiving MH counselling/care, stratified by the severity of their condition; profile and outcomes of patients with severe mental disorders; prescribing practice of psychotropic medication; and main factors facilitating the identification and management of individuals with severe mental disorders"

International Health, Vol.8, No.5, pp. 336-344

Doi: 10.1093/inthealth/ihw032

The 2015 Nepal earthquake(s): Lessons learned from the disability and rehabilitation sector's preparation for, and response to, natural disasters

LANDRY, Michel
SHEPHARD, Phillip
LEUNG, Kit
RETIS, Chiara
SALVADOR, Edwin
RAMAN, Sudha
November 2016

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This article outlines lessons learned from 2015 Nepal earthquake that can be applied to future disasters to reduce overall disability-related outcomes and more fully integrate rehabilitation in preparation and planning. Information is presented on disasters in general, and then specficially on the earthquake(s) in Nepal. Field experience in Nepal before, during, and after the earthquake is described, and actions that can and should be adopted prior to disasters as part of disability preparedness planning are examined. Emerging roles of rehabilitation providers such as physical therapists during the immediate and postdisaster recovery phases are discussed. Finally, approaches are suggested that can be adopted to “build back better” for, and with, people with disabilities in postdisaster settings such as Nepal.

 

Physical Therapy, Volume 96, Issue 11, 1 November 2016, Pages 1714–1723

https://doi.org/10.2522/ptj.20150677

 

Participation and quality of life outcomes among individuals with earthquake-related physical disability: A systematic review

NUNNERLEY, Joanne
DUNN, Jennifer
McPHERSON, Kathryn
et al
May 2015

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A literature review to evaluate quality of life and participation outcomes of individuals with earthquake-related physical injury. A systematic review was performed searching MEDLINE, Embase, PsychINFO, CINAHL and AMED electronic databases from 1966 to January 2014. Studies that measured quality of life or participation outcomes among individuals who acquired a physical disability as a result of an earthquake injury were included, with no limits on research design. The search yielded 961 potentially relevant articles after removal of duplicates. Of these, only 8 articles met the inclusion criteria. Seven papers were reviewed from the following 5 earthquakes: 2001 Gujarat earthquake, India; 2008 Wenchuan earthquake, China (also known as the Sichuan earthquake); 2005 Kashmir earthquake, Pakistan (27); 2009 Padang earthquake, Indonesia; 2010 Port-au-Prince earthquake.

Journal of Rehabilitation Medicine, vol.47, no.5, 2015, 385-393

10.2340/16501977-1965

Disability inclusive disaster risk reduction

FUHRER, Mechthilde
2014

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This article outlines the Council of Europe’s EUR-OPA Hazards Agreement, which is a platform for co-operation in the field of major natural and technological disasters between Europe and the South of the Mediterranean. The article reports on the agreement, concluding that “people with disabilities, and the organisations that represent them, need to be drawn into the civil protection preparedness process”

Planet@risk, Vol 2, No 3

Social sustainability and its indicators through a disability studies lens in sustainability

WOLBRING, Gregor
RYBCHINSKI, Theresa
November 2013

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“The aim of the present study is to identify the visibility of disabled people in the academic social sustainability literature, to ascertain the impact and promises of social sustainability indicators put forward in the same literature and to engage especially with the concepts of ‘development sustainability’, ‘bridge sustainability’ and ‘maintenance sustainability’ through disability studies and ability studies lenses”

Sustainability, Vol 5, Issue 11

Disaster resilience and people with functional needs

JAN, Sophia
LURIE, Nicole
December 2012

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This journal article focuses on initiatives to build community resilience particularly in the context of Hurricane Sandy.  The authors propose that the development of strong partnerships between government and non-governmental organisations for planning, response, and recovery is central to safeguarding the needs of people with functional needs in the event of disasters, as are policies that states and the federal government to promote community resilience 

The New England Journal of Medicine, Vol 367, Issue 24

Task allocation model for rescue disabled persons in disaster area with help of volunteers

ARAI, Kohei
SANG, Tran Xuan
UYEN, Nguyen Thi
2012

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This article presents an example of a task allocation model for search and rescue persons with disability in case of a disaster.   Persons with disabilities are helped by volunteer in emergency situations.  The decision of who the volunteer should help and where to go is solved by using a combinatorial auction mechanism.  Different scenarios are offered using the RoboCup Rescue simulation platform

International Journal of Advanced Computer Science and Applications, Vol 2, No 7

A qualitative and quantitative study of the surgical and rehabilitation response to the earthquake in Haiti, January 2010

REDMOND, Anthony
et al
December 2011

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"The disaster response environment in Haiti following the 2010 earthquake represented a complex healthcare challenge. This study was designed to identify challenges during the Haiti disaster response. Qualitative and quantitative study of injured patients carried out six months after the January 2010 earthquake in Haiti to review the surgical inputs of foreign medical teams...This study showed that challenges for emergency medical response during the Haiti Earthquake involved issues of accountability, professional ethics, standards- of care, unmet needs, patient agency and expected outcomes for patients in such settings"
Prehospital and Disaster Medicine, Vol 26, No 6

Disability and health related rehabilitation in international disaster relief

REINHARDT, Jan
LI, Jianan
GOSNEY, James
et al
August 2011

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Natural disasters result in significant numbers of disabling impairments. Paradoxically, however, the traditional health system response to natural disasters largely neglects health-related rehabilitation as a strategic intervention. The objective was to examine the role of health-related rehabilitation in natural disaster relief along three lines of inquiry: (1) epidemiology of injury and disability, (2) impact on health and rehabilitation systems, and (3) the assessment and measurement of disability. A qualitative literature review and secondary data analysis were carried out. 

 

Global Health Action

http://dx.doi.org/10.3402/gha.v4i0.7191 

Field based training for mental health workers, community workers, psychosocial workers and counselors : a participant-oriented approach

VAN DER VEER, Guus
FRANCIS, Felician Thayalara
July 2011

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"This article discusses the training of mental health workers whose basic job is with clients that have been seriously affected by armed conflict and/or natural disasters by using ‘helping through talking’, and who have had little education that is relevant to this work. It sums up the characteristics required of the workers, their learning needs, the messages that the training needs to convey, and the characteristics and potential contents of a tailor made, participants-oriented programme"
Intervention, Vol 9, Issue 2

Preparedness and warning systems for populations with special needs : ensuring everyone gets the message (and knows what to do)

SULLIVAN, Helen T
HÄKKINEN, Markku T
May 2011

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This paper discusses the use of information and communications technologies systems in the use of disaster management situations such as those providing early warnings, and how they benefit persons with disabilities (and the general population).  An ongoing project in Japan provided a case study in which a disaster preparedness information system is meeting the need of persons with disabilities


Geotechnical and Geological Engineering Journal, Volume 29, Issue 3

Anthropological perspectives on disasters and disability : an introduction

FJORD, Lakshmi
MANDERSON, Lenore
2009

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Using a disability conceptual framework to anthropologically review disasters, this article emphasises the needs of those with fewest resources and highlights the benefit of the inclusion of disabled people in disaster preparedness, response and recovery plans. This article is useful to people interested in disability and disasters
Human Organization, Vol 68, No 1

A culture of neglect : climate discourse and disabled people

WOLBRING, Gregor
2009

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"The purpose of this paper is to expose the reader to (a) how disabled people are situated in the culture of the climate, adaptation, mitigation and resilience discourse; (b) how one would answer the three questions, (i) adaptation to what, (ii) who or what adapts, and (iii) how does adaptation occur (Smit et al), using a disabled people lens; and (c) what that reality of the involvement of disabled people within the climate change discourse might herald for other groups in the future. The paper contends that there is a pressing need for the climate discourse to be more inclusive and to develop a new social contract to modify existing dynamics of ableism and disablism so as to avoid the uneven distribution of evident burdens already linked to climate change"
M/C Journal, Vol 12, No 4

Towards a disability-inclusive emergency response : saving lives and livelihoods for development

SCHERRER, Valérie
2006

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"This article, based on the extensive experience of Handicap International in the field of emergency actions, describes why taking into account disability at an early stage of a crisis (or even better in a disaster preparedness phase) can prevent complications, diminish the number of disabled victims and so safe lives and livelihoods. It also gives some ideas to improve practice"
Zeitschrift Behinderung und Dritte Welt : Journal for Disability and International Development, No 1

Planning for disaster

SMITH, L Murphy
June 1994

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"The string of natural and man-made disasters that had recently devastated US businesses underscores the importance of disaster recovery planning (DRP). In addition to a general emergency plan, companies must also have computer contingency plans to protect critical information from loss, destruction, theft and other risks. An effective DRP should provide for the recovery of vital records, alternative telecommunication systems, evacuation of disabled employees, housing arrangements for the recovery team, food service and alternate sources of supplies. A computer contingency plan, on the other hand, should have emergency, back-up, recovery, test and maintenance plans. Adequate computer contingency planning should help firms to quickly regain their capabilities to process information and get back in business"

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