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Monitoring the declaration of commitment on HIV/AIDS : guidelines on construction of indicators

JOINT UNITED NATIONS PROGRAMME ON HIV/AIDS (UNAIDS)
May 2003

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The purpose of these guidelines is to provide National AIDS Councils (or equivalent) with technical guidance on how to measure the core indicators for the implementation of the Declaration of Commitment on HIV/AIDS, adopted by Member States of the United Nations during the United Nations General Assembly Special Session on HIV/AIDS in June 2001. These guidelines provide technical guidance on the detailed specifications of the core indicators, on the information required and the basis of their construction, and on their interpretation. The guidelines also aim to maximize the validity, internal consistency and comparability across countries and over time of the indicator estimates obtained. In particular, the guidelines aim to ensure consistency in the types of data and methods of calculation employed

A manual for CBR planners

THOMAS, Maya
THOMAS, M J
Eds
2003

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This manual for community-based rehabilitation planners has 13 sections and contains a very useful overview of the history of CBR with valuable introductory reading for newcomers to the field. The subsequent six sections cover planning, needs assessment and include suggestions of how to understand local communities and encourage community participation in CBR programmes. The final six sections are concerned with programme management issues; for example, as organising self-help groups, training personnel for CBR, and the sustainability of projects including evaluation and management of change

Catalogue of DFID evaluation studies

DEPARTMENT FOR INTERNATIONAL DEVELOPMENT (DFID)
January 2003

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A catalogue of all United Kingdom Department for International Development (DFID) evaluation studies, and their corresponding evaluation summaries, through 2002. Listed by report number, country, sector or theme, and year

Participation, relationships and dynamic change : new thinking on evaluating the work of international networks

CHURCH, Madeline
et al
2003

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Gives an overview discussion of the key characteristics of networks, noting that international development increasingly takes a network form. Networks typically put an emphasis on: facilitative leadership; building relationships and trust; light co-ordinating structure that allows decentralisation, autonomy and voluntary participation. However, these are charactersitics that traditional evaluation approaches have not been developed to address. Provides a useful check-list for evaluating networks and suggests some useful practical tools to approach the evaluation of networks, such as: ‘Contributions assessment’ to guage how effectively the network facilitates the circulation of resources, and enables people to make the contribution that they are capable of; ‘Clarification of aims and activities’ (adapted Weaver’s Triangle) tool to clarify how participants perspectives and activities diverge or converge over time; ‘Channels of Participation’ tool to assess how and were members interact in a network and look at changes over time; ‘Monitoring the edges’ to track independent networking stimulated but not through the centre

Transport for all : what should we measure?

RICKERT, Tom
2003

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Environmental factors are addressed in this paper in regard to accessibility. Asking questions alone raises awareness about access effectively. Including disabled people themselves in decision-making is essential and leads to empowerment, better planning of the urban development and relevant evaluation indicators

State of the world's children 2004 : ­girls, education and development

BELLAMY, Carol
2003

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This year's report focuses on girls' education and its implica- tions for development. It presents the many benefits of educat- ing girls, examines the barriers that keep more girls out of school and the lasting impact such exclusion has on a country's development, details why education is the most effective means of combating many of the most profound challenges to human development and presents concrete and practical recommendations for the way forward

Making a difference : indicators to improve children's environmental health. Summary

BRIGGS, David
2003

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Study commissioned to develop a set of indicators on children's environmental health with the purpose of providing a basis for assessing environmental risks to children's health; acting as a basis for monitoring and evaluating the effectiveness of national and international initiatives; and providing a template for developing other indicators according to need. This summary provides an introduction to the indicators, outlines the principles and concepts behind the choice, presents simplified models of each issue highlighting the factors of key concern, and lists the core indicators that should be developed in each case

Measuring and monitoring the information and knowledge societies : a statistical challenge

UNITED NATIONS EDUCATIONAL, SCIENTIFIC AND CULTURAL ORGANIZATION (UNESCO). Institute for Statistics
2003

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The focus of this report is on data systems and measurement issues with regard to ICT, including aspects of data availability, international comparability and quality, as well as content. The overall aim is to support the development of national, regional and international data systems and indicators that are comprehensive, policy relevant and reliable for the proper understanding, monitoring and development of a sustainable and equitable information/knowledge society. The first part of this report includes a stocktaking of selected global ICT data from a variety of sources. This is followed by a discussion of the limitations of the existing data as well as barriers and problems that might be encountered in collecting of such data. The final section of the report discusses what data might be of value to collect in the future. The report concludes with a series of recommendations

Equal opportunities for people with disabilities : a European Action plan

COMMISSION OF THE EUROPEAN COMMUNITIES
2003

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This paper is one of the outcomes of the European Year of People with Disabilities 2003. It sets the frame for the work on a multi-annual Action Plan for the EU. The major issues of this paper are accessibility for employment, lifelong learning, the value of new technologies and accessibility of the environment

International norms and standards relating to disability

UNITED NATIONS
2003

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This resource provides concise analytical information on international norms and standards concerning persons with disabilities that have been adopted under the auspices of the United Nations system or other inter-governmental bodies and organisations. It is a reference tool that contains information resources on the international and regional normative standards to promote the rights of persons with disabilities in society within a broad human rights framework, encompassing the full range of human rights from civil and political to economic, social and cultural rights and the different mechanisms by which these norms and standards have been adopted in to local laws.
Further, this resource is a practical guide to putting into practice rights on behalf of persons with disabilities. It also provides an educational tool designed to help identify effective measures to promote, protect and integrate the rights of persons with disabilities into all areas of national legislation, policies and programmes and to promote increased awareness of internationally accepted norms on: the equalisation of opportunities for persons with disabilities; the full and effective integration of persons with disabilities in social life and development; and standards to protect and promote the rights of persons with disabilities. It will be useful for: governments; national and international policy makers; inter-governmental, international and non-governmental organisations; researchers in the area of disability rights; civil society organisations concerned with disability issues and the global disability community

AIDS epidemic update : December 2003

JOINT UNITED NATIONS PRGRAMME ON HIV/AIDS (UNAIDS)
WORLD HEALTH ORGANIZATION (WHO)
2003

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This report reflects the current knowledge and understanding of the AIDS epidemic. It presents estimates and ranges around the estimates to indicate their level of precision. It includes a special section on stigma and discrimination

Study of the response by faith-based organizations to orphans and vulnerable children : preliminary summary report

FOSTER, Geoff
2003

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This is a preliminary summary report based on a comprehensive survey of the response of faith-based organisations (FBOs) to the needs of vulnerable children in Africa. It looks at the impact of HIV and AIDS on children, and provides figures and key statistics regarding number of children and volunteers involved and organisational capacities and potentials. A list of recommendations to help FBOs improve performance and effectiveness is also provided

Monitoring the status of health equity in Bangladesh : the BHEW survey 2002

AHMED, Masud Syed
et al
2003

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BHEW (Bangladesh Health Equity Watch) is a Bangaldeshi initiative established to determine whether the health situation in the country is improving and if those improvements are equitable. This report produced by BRAC gives an account of its current findings. Equity in health is defined as 'the absence of systematic and potentially redemiable differences in one or more aspects of health across populations or population subgroups defined socially, economically, demographically or geographically'. For example, while child mortality in Bangladesh has decreased, it is not known whether the decline has been equal for all groups within the population, such as the difficult areas to reach usually inhabited by ethnic minorities. In addition to child mortality, the report also focuses on nutritional status of the population including young children, and utilisation and accessiblity of the health care services. The report finds that the health of the disadvantaged groups has not much improved since independence. The information given is targeted at policy makers and programme implementers

80 million lives meeting the millennium development goals in child and maternal survival

FUSTUKIAN, Suzanne
KEITH, Regina
PENROSE, Angela
Grow Up Free from Poverty Coalition
2003

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"This report argues that the failures in healthcare over the last decade have been the result of flawed analysis and lack of political will. If we are to acheive the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) we must now absorb the lessons we have learned, and refocus our attention on broad-based, sectorally-coordinated, primary healthcare (PHC) system development, located within a rights-based framework, to which all governments must give their committment"

Paediatric HIV infection and AIDS

JOINT UNITED NATIONS PROGRAMME ON HIV/AIDS (UNAIDS)
September 2002

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Provides information about how HIV is transmitted to children, and guidelines on prevention of mother-to-child-transmission and reducing the impact of HIV on children

Children on the brink 2002 : a joint report on orphan estimates and program strategies

DENNIS, Mark
ROSS, Julia
SMITH, Shelley
Eds
July 2002

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This report contains statistics on children orphaned by HIV/AIDS from 88 different countries, analysis of the trends found in these statistics and principles for helping children. This is the third report in a series (previous reports in 1997 and 2000) and is a collaboration between USAID, UNICEF and UNAIDS. Critical points addressed in the report are that HIV/AIDS has created an orphan crisis, but that orphans due to other causes also need attention. AIDS threatens chidren's lives, and communities with a high proportion of orphans requiring urgent assistance. The crisis is such that no one can act alone and therefore collaboration is the key

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