This special issue is based on papers presented at a workshop held by the Pontifical Academy of Sciences and the Royal Society in May 1995. Sections include : establishing lactation, impact on fertility, infection and disease
This paper surveys health reform in the former Soviet republics of Central Asia, in the aftermath of their independence and transition from the Soviet command economy. Socio-economic, epidomiological and institutional realities face the countries. Section 2 sets out demographic and epidemiological trends, which suggest the scope and priorities for health services. The next section analyzes recent economic performance, highlighting worsening financial constraints. The existing health systems are evaluated in Section 4, centering on their primary strengths and weaknesses. Section 5 addresses critical institutional elements of the reform process, including decentralization and staffing issues. The reform agenda facing health policymakers in Central Asia is then investigated in Section 6, focusing upon empirical and descriptive aspects, in order to provide a reliable basis for discussing future options. Section 7 concludes that the large declines in real health spending signal that each country will have to do more with less. Consequently, current public health programs like maternal and child health programs will need to be restructured; improvement incentives to induce consumers and providors to behave more efficiently will have to be issued; and modorn management and quality assurance systems will have to be introduced. Although the reform debate focuses on financial sustainability, particularly attempts to bring in additional non-budget revenues, equally important is the need to focus on basic public health activities and delivery system restructuring.
This compendium providesde detailed national data from the late 1980s on topics related to disability. Although it is now somewhat out of date (publshed in 1990), it is the only compendium with statistical information from countries worldwide
The globalisation of the world economy and the consequent increase in commerce, travel, and communication have brought benefits to virtually every country. But these changes also bring risks that cannot be addressed adequately within traditional national borders. These risks include emerging infectious diseases, resulting in part from increased prevalence of drug-resistant pathogens; exposure to dangerous substances, such as contaminated foodstuffs, and banned and toxic substances; and violence, including chemical and bioterrorist attack. By investing in global health, industrliased countries will not only benefit populations in desperate and immediate need of assistance, but also themselves--through protecting their people, improving their economies, and advancing their international interests. This paper describes the rationale for involvement of industrialised countries in global health, and suggests a means for its coordination.
This bibliographic database on reproductive health provides more than 300,000 citations with abstracts to scientific articles, reports, books, and unpublished reports in the field of population, family planning, and related health issues. It has numerous special features including links to free, fulltext documents; the ability to limit your search to peer-reviewed journal articles; and many abstracts in French and Spanish. Comprehensive POPLINE searches are provided for any person affiliated with an academic, government, population, or other qualified organization in a developing country free of charge. Results are mailed or sent by e-mail. A current awareness service can email or post newly added records on specified topics each month, free of charge to users in developing countries
The purpose of this website is to provide the information to support effective planning, monitoring, and evaluation of population, health, and nutrition programmes. The aim is to further understanding on global populations and health trends. The surveys conducted are designed to provide the following services: data collection and analysis; collaboration and coordination; dissemination and data use; and capacity building. This website would be useful for anyone interested in demography, health and nutrition development
Source e-bulletin on Disability and Inclusion