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Double exposure : disability and HIV/AIDS in sub-Saharan Africa

SWEENEY, Jacinta
2004

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This paper argues that the situation regarding disability and HIV/AIDS in sub-Saharan Africa is in need of more attention. People with various disabilities are more exposed to contracting HIV/AIDS: firstly, because they are deprived of their right to HIV/AIDS information; secondly, because disabled women in particular are sexually exploited due to society’s paralleling of disability with worthlessness. Fundamentally, people with disabilities are further exposed to HIV/AIDS because they are socially excluded. The paper uses the social exclusion framework to argue that there is a need to view social exclusion, disability and HIV/AIDS as part of a relationship. It reviews the debate of definitions of disability and presents various scenarios that illustrate the overlap between poverty and disability, the inaccessibility of HIV/AIDS information, education and communication (IEC) and attitudinal discrimination towards disabled people. The response of some key donors, governments and non-governmental organisations to the situation regarding disability and HIV/AIDS is also reviewed. The paper concludes that the social exclusion framework is useful in order to understand the conceptualisation of disability and that this conceptualisation must be adapted to the social model, which removes the onus of disability from the person to society

CBR : a strategy for rehabilitation, equalization of opportunities, poverty reduction and social inclusion of people with disabilities - joint position paper 2004

WORLD HEALTH ORGANIZATION (WHO)
International Labour Organization (ILO)
United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO)
et al
2004

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In 1994 the ILO, WHO and UNESCO published the first version of this joint position paper. Since then progress has been made in several fields. Nevertheless many disabled people are still not reached or included in the fields of rehabilitation, employment or education - particularly disabled women, people with mental health problems or HIV/AIDS and poor disabled people.
This paper underlines that community-based rehabilitation is a strategy promoting multi-sectoral collaboration to reach different community groups. CBR has to be based on the principles of equal opportunities, participation and human rights.

Community-based rehabilitation CBR : for and with people with disabilities

INTERNATIONAL LABOUR ORGANIZATION (ILO)
United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO)
United Nations Children's Fund (UNICEF)
World Health Organization (WHO)
et al
2002

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The purpose of this paper is to continue to promote community-based rehabilitation (CBR) and its objectives as part of the ongoing efforts that are needed to achieve social inclusion and equalization of opportunities for people with disabilities. It is also an attempt to clarify for policy-makers and programme managers the approaches for implementing CBR, to promote increased participation of Disabled People's Organisations inlcuding organisations of their family members in CBR programmes, and to encourage increased collaboration and cooperation among all governmental and nongovernmental services and groups that can contribute to the success of CBR. This is a key document that gives a definition of CBR, as agreed by three key UN organisations. It is a useful tool for CBR policy-makers and planners

Understanding community approaches to handicap in development (CAHD)

KREFTING, Douglas
March 2001

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This document, part of the Handicap and Development Collection, introduces an expanded concept of community-based rehabilitation (CBR) called CAHD (community approaches to handicap in development). It is aimed at CBR planners, policy-makers and managers. CAHD aims to develop two-way relationships within communities to change attitudes so that community practices will include disabled persons and provide them with services and assistance

Disability and development : perspectives on CBR

Society for Appropriate Rehabilitation of the Disabled (SANCHAR)
September 2000

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Disability is not just a medical condition but a complex system of social restrictions emanating from discrimination. The lives of disabled people are made difficult not so much by their specific impairments, as by the way society interprets and reacts to disability

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