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UNESCO guidelines on language and content in HIV- and AIDS-related materials

January 2006

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This document contains guidelines on the use of language and content in HIV- and AIDS-related documents and contexts. As stigma and discrimination are often attached to the disease, the use of culturally-sensitive and appropriate terminology and ethical considerations in the production of materials are vital. Contains seven tables addressing commonly used terminology; stigmatising terms and expressions; culturally sensitive language; precision and differentiation of certain terms; cultural issues and practices; audio and visual content. Table 5 presents some specific examples. Each problematic term or approach is briefly discussed and provided with an alternative/preferred substitute. These guidelines are an essential tool for anyone working in the field of HIV and AIDS

Depression in developing countries : lessons from Zimbabwe

PATEL, Vikram
et al

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Depression is one of the most important causes of morbidity and disability in developing countries. Zimbabwe, in common with other developing nations, has absolute poverty, economic reform programmes, limited public health services, widespread private and traditional health-care services, civil unrest, cultural diversity and sex inequality. This study looked at research on depression in Zimbabwe over the past 15 years, covering ethnographic and epidemiological studies in a range of populations. The findings are compared with research from other developing and developed countries. The report also examines the validity of the World Health Organization's classifications and medical concepts of depression, the public health implications of depression, and the implications for clinical practice and research in the context of developing countries


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