This is the introduction to WHO's International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health, also known as the Beginner's Guide. It provides an introduction to the ICF and its use. It sets out what the ICF offers to health workers, planners and policy-makers. It also includes a list of organizations,agencies and NGOs who are part of the ICF collaborating network
ICF is a classification of health and health related domains that describe body functions and structures, activities and participation. The domains are classified from body, individual and societal perspectives. Since an individual's functioning and disability occurs in a context, ICF also includes a list of environmental factors
"The International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health, known more commonly as ICF, is a classification of health and health-related domains. These domains are classified from body, individual and societal perspectives by means of two lists: a list of body functions and structure, and a list of domains of activity and participation. Since an individual’s functioning and disability occurs in a context, the ICF also includes a list of environmental factors. The ICF is WHO's framework for measuring health and disability at both individual and population levels"
This international classification system, the ICF, aims to give an international language for disability. Disabilities and their causes and consequences are defined in terms of the body functions and structures, the person’s activities and participation and environment factors
Depression is one of the most important causes of morbidity and disability in developing countries. Zimbabwe, in common with other developing nations, has absolute poverty, economic reform programmes, limited public health services, widespread private and traditional health-care services, civil unrest, cultural diversity and sex inequality. This study looked at research on depression in Zimbabwe over the past 15 years, covering ethnographic and epidemiological studies in a range of populations. The findings are compared with research from other developing and developed countries. The report also examines the validity of the World Health Organization's classifications and medical concepts of depression, the public health implications of depression, and the implications for clinical practice and research in the context of developing countries
This book presents 'an explanatory model for the causes and consequences of disease, trauma and other disruptions to a person's integrity and development'. It approaches the challenge of creating a classification system from a perspective of social change, human rights and equal opportunities. Specific issues addressed in the book include: the person-environment interaction; positive concepts; disability as the situational result of social participation; extrinsic and intrinsic distinction (or environmental/situational versus personal dimensions); the ethics of applying the classification system in different situations
Source e-bulletin on Disability and Inclusion