This report provides an introduction into the needs of persons with disabilities in disasters and emergencies and reviews the challenges, effective policies and practices of inclusive disaster and emergency management. It compiles international mandates and guidelines, strategies and practices for inclusive disaster management and gives an overview of the disaster and emergency management process and how persons with disabilities can be affected at each stage. This report highlights the importance of information and communication technologies throughout the process and provides related case studies
This article presents the results of study that investigated how poor physical health results in functional limitations that limit the day-to-day activities of individuals in domains relevant to this subsistence-agriculture context. Participants came from 2006, 2008, and 2010 waves of the Malawi Longitudinal Survey of Families and Health, a study of the rural population in Malawi. The study found that individuals in this population experience a lengthy struggle with disabling conditions in adulthood, with high probabilities of remitting and relapsing between states of functional limitation. Given the strong association of disabilities with work efforts and subjective well-being, this research suggests that current national health policies and international donor-funded health programs in SSA inadequately target the physical health of mature and older adults
PLoS Med Vol 10, Issue 5
"Community Based Rehabilitation (CBR) is an evolving concept. Its effectiveness depends on continuous reflection, debate and learning. This book aims to facilitate this process through the stories of five CBR programmes in Africa, told by those involved with the programmes and reflected on with honesty...Each of the five programmes has been invited to document their work, describing how its programme started and assessing the effectiveness of the approach it has chosen. They were asked to identify their successes and challenges, and to reflect on how difficulties are being overcome. Life stories illustrate the impact each approach can have on individual lives. The book offers itself as a reflective tool, to be used by practitioners. Each chapter asks specific questions of its readers, inviting them to draw comparisons with their own programme. The concluding section of the book outlines ideas for evaluating and developing their CBR programmes"
This publication defines indicators that could be used to revise those outlined in the document 'Indicators for assessing breastfeeding practices', published in 1991. This document provided a set of indicators that could be used to assess infant feeding within and across countries and evaluate the progress of breastfeeding promotion efforts
This guide seeks to pull together global and country frameworks, planning and management tools, good practices and other elements to enhance the contribution of UN Theme Groups on HIV/AIDS to effective national responses
One of the major challenges facing governments, international organisations and non-governmental organisations in their responses to children made vulnerable by HIV and AIDS is the lack of data on the quality and effectiveness of their interventions. This document provides guidance to these institutions in the monitoring and evaluation of the national response for children orphaned and made vulnerable by HIV and AIDS. It includes methods and tools for measurement at the national level. The guide is organised into two parts. The first discusses issues relevant to the general monitoring and evaluation of orphans and other children made vulnerable by HIV and AIDS and the second part provides specific guidance in the use of the recommended indicators
This report looks at progress on applying the "Three Ones" principles to the end of 2004. The principles are: one agreed AIDS action framework; one national AIDS coordinating authority; and one agreed country-level monitoring and evaluation system. The report provides an assessment of progress so far, and then considers lessons learned, identifies challenges and suggests opportunities for overcoming these challenges. While this preliminary report is not comprehensive, it is a useful step in addressing how we can make optimal use of the limited resources available for tackling the AIDS pandemic.
This document is intended to inform the main M&E efforts at the national level by HIV/AIDS programme managers. It should be noted, however, that many of the data necessary for calculating the indicators originate from health facilities. The manual is therefore also of value to programme managers or programme planners in the development of indicators to be used at more local levels. In particular the document can help to align local M&E strategies with the national framework, facilitating the flow of necessary data from the local to the regional and national levels
"Violence against women by an intimate partner is a major contributor to the ill-health of women. This study analyses data from 10 countries and sheds new light on the prevalence of violence against women in countries where few data were previously available. It also uncovers the forms and patterns of this violence across different countries and cultures, documenting the consequences of violence for women’s health. This information has important implications for prevention, care and mitigation... The high rates documented by the Study of sexual abuse experienced by girls and women are of great concern, especially in light of the HIV epidemic. Greater public awareness of this problem is needed and a strong public health response that focuses on preventing such violence from occurring in the first place...This study will help national authorities to design policies and programmes that begin to deal with the problem"
This practical manual gives guidelines on how disability can be promoted in project planning. The online version (RHA3) is a 10-point checklist that is intended to facilitate the rapid assessment of development programmes and projects for the adequate inclusion of the disability dimension in the plans
An update of the work of the Global Fund to Fight AIDS, Tuberculosis and Malaria, designed to keep NGOs and civil society abreast of Fund's grant-giving trends, issues and statistics. It summarises the results of the first round of funding, and provides information about the second; presents articles on the experiences of NGOs with Country Coordinating Mechanisms (CCMs); and provides a report on the contrubtions made to the Global Fund, and the need to increase these
This excellent, practical manual gives very good guidelines on how disability can be promoted in project planning. The online version (RHA3) is a 10-point checklist that is intended to facilitate the rapid assessment of development programmes and projects for the adequate inclusion of the disability dimension in the plans
Source e-bulletin on Disability and Inclusion