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Human Rights

www.macao-tz.org
December 2014

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Malezi AIDS Care Awareness Organization (MACAO) is a non-profit organization reaching out to neglected Indigenous people in Ngorongoro District, Arusha Region of Northern Tanzania.  Macao founded in 2003, Macao is a humanitarian organization that provides assistance to approximately 200,000 Indigenous Maasai community in Ngorongoro district for addressing needs of water and sanitation, food security, health Care Research, Education, Research environment, Maasai Traditional Research, Human Rights and sustainable economic development by strengthening their livelihoods.  In addition to responding to major relief situations, MACAO focuses on long-term community development through over 4 Area Development Project. We welcome the donors and volunteers to join us in this programs, we are wolking in ruro villages.

Predictors of voluntary HIV counselling and testing services utilization among people with disabilities in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia

ADEREMI, Toyin Janet
et al
June 2014

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“The study investigated HIV testing prevalence and factors associated with the utilization of voluntary HIV counselling and testing (VCT) services among individuals with disabilities in Addis Ababa. The analysis was based on a survey of 209 men and 203 women with disabilities, aged 15–49, who had ever heard about HIV and AIDS in four sub-cities in Addis Ababa. HIV testing prevalence was 53.2%, with no significant difference between males and females. Comprehensive HIV knowledge, living with spouse, and religious affiliations positively predicted utilization of VCT services among participants. Living with both parents and having physical or mental/intellectual disabilities were negative predictors of VCT services utilization. More research on the predictors of utilization of VCT services by gender and urban/rural divides are needed among people with disabilities”

AIDS Care: Psychological and Socio-medical Aspects of AIDS/HIV, Vol 26, Issue 10

Helping a forgotten minority : disability and HIV/AIDS in Zambia

DEPARTMENT FOR INTERNATIONAL DEVELOPMENT (DFID)
June 2007

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This article and case study demonstrate work being done in Zambia to ensure that the needs of people with disabilities are met by HIV and AIDS services, so that they have full access to the treatment, care and support available. Provisions include sign language training for HIV and AIDS counsellors, making mobility aids and hearing aids available to those who need them, as well as improving food security and encouraging a sustainable livelihoods approach. This would be of interest to anyone looking at mainstreaming disability in the provision of HIV and AIDS services

Continuum of care for HIV-positive women accessing programs to prevent parent-to-child transmission : findings from India

MAHENDRA, Vaishali S
et al
2007

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This is the report of a diagnostic study in 2005 to provide an evidence base to strengthen the national Indian prevention of parent-to-child transmission (PPTCT) initiative. The key research questions were: What are the treatment, care, and support needs of HIV-positive women and what services do the women utilize to meet their needs? What are the different ways (clinic-based, community-based, etc) to link HIV-positive women and their families with treatment and care services? The study indicated that linkages between PPTCT and HIV care services, as well as PPTCT and reproductive health services, were limited

Guidance for United States Government in-country staff and implementing partners for a preventive care package for adults - #1

President’s Emergency Plan for AIDS Relief Office of the U.S. Global AIDS Coordinator (PEPFAR)
April 2006

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This report suggests that focus-countries under PEPFAR's Emergency Plan should adopt a standard "preventative care package" as part of their palliative care programmes. It acknowledges that components of the care package are likely to vary within regions and even within countries. The report provides the scientific basis for the interventions that could be included in a preventive care package. Although most of the interventions included are pertinent to both adults and children, HIV-infected/exposed children require additional consideration and a separate document focusing on a preventive care package for such children has been developed

Double burden : a situation analysis of HIV/AIDS and young people with disabilities in Rwanda and Uganda

YOUSAFZAI, Aisha
EDWARDS, Karen
2004

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This analysis was carried out by Save the Children UK after reports from the field suggested that disabled people were not accessing HIV prevention information or services, despite being at higher risk of infection. It outlines ways in which disabled people are not fully included in safer-sex communications: for instance blind people hear talk about condoms, but have never held one; the necessity to have a sign-language interpreter for deaf people compromises their right to confidentiality; young girls with disabilities are more likely to be raped and are less able to negotiate safe sex. It recommends the greater integration of disabled people into health and HIV communications and further research to develop disabled-friendly means of communication

Mainstreaming gender in HIV and AIDS work

SOUTHERN AFRICAN AIDS TRAINING PROGRAMME (SAT)
2004

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This manual aims to build knowledge and practical skills among facilitators who train representatives of southern African AIDS Service Organisations, NGOs and CBOs that want to mainstream gender in their HIV and AIDS organisations, policies and programmes. It is divided into five parts: key gender concepts; introduction to gender mainstreaming and gender analysis; mainstreaming gender in HIV and AIDS organisations; mainstreaming gender in HIV and AIDS programmes; and mainstreaming gender in HIV and AIDS policies. Each part contains training activities together with notes for facilitators, handouts and helpful information on conducting the training. The five parts can be used flexibly, either all together in sequence, or seperately, to fit different training needs

Educate clients to communicate their needs to providers

POPULATION COUNCIL, Frontiers in Reproductive Health
January 2004

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This is a brief summary of the findings from the 'Smart Patient' intervention coordinated by Indonesia's National Family Planning Coordinating Board (BKKBN) and Johns Hopkins University, with support from Frontiers. Family planning clients were given a brief training session to improve their communication skills before seeing a service provider. The findings show that women agreed that coaching helped them to gain confidence, ask more questions and express their concerns. Providers were more likely to tailor information to individual needs. Eight months following the intervention, clients were more likely to continue to use a contraceptive method

Reproductive health services in KwaZulu Natal, South Africa : a situation analysis study focusing on HIV/AIDS services

NDHLOVU, Lewis
et al
October 2003

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This report describes a 2002-2003 study in KwaZulu Natal that expanded on reproductive health research using situation analysis methodology to assess availability and quality of services, to cover important HIV & AIDS-related issues. These issues were: the quality and availability of voluntary counselling and testing services; the extent of integration of family planning, antenatal care, and sexually transmitted infection (STI) services with HIV prevention; and the extent of condom promotion and other HIV prevention strategies

Enhancing quality for clients : the balanced counseling strategy

POPULATION COUNCIL
July 2003

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Based on experience in Peru and Guatemala, this brief presents the "balanced counseling strategy", an approach to improving the quality of reproductive health services and in particular, provider-client interaction. This strategy structures interaction between service provider and client to focus on the client's needs, support the client's choice of appropriate methods, and improve information provision on the methods. It consists of a decision tree, used in combination with job aids or visual memory aids. This brief outlines the origin and rationale for developing the strategy, details its adaptation for use in other contexts and lists several findings and lessons learned

Reproductive health services in KwaZulu Natal Province, South Africa : a situation analysis study focusing on HIV/AIDS services

SEARLE, Catherine
et al
July 2003

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Summary of a study in KwaZulu Natal that used situation analysis methodology, first used in reproductive health research to cover important HIV & AIDS-related issues, including: the availability and quality of voluntary counselling and testing services; the extent of integration of family planning, antenatal care, and sexually transmitted infection services with HIV prevention; and the extent of condom promotion and other HIV prevention strategies

Increasing client participation in family planning consultations : 'smart patient' coaching in Indonesia

MI KI, Young
et al
2003

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This is a report of the study 'Operations research: impact of client communication training on client participation and contraceptive continuation in Indonesia'. Family planning clients were given a brief training session to improve their communication skills before seeing a service provider. The findings show that women agreed that coaching helped them to gain confidence, ask more questions and express their concerns. Providers were more likely to tailor information to individual needs. Eight months following the intervention, clients were more likely to continue to use a contraceptive method

Youth telephone hotlines in Guatemala and Colombia [whole issue]|Líneas telefónicas de ayuda para jóvenes en Guatemala y Colombia

INTERNATIONAL PLANNED PARENTHOOD FEDERATION. WESTERN HEMISPHERE REGION (IPPF/WHR)
2001

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Youth telephone hotlines were established by the Asociación Pro-Bienestar de la Familia de Guatemala (APROFAM) in Guatemala and the Asociación Pro-Bienestar de la Familia Colombiana (PROFAMILIA) in Colombia as a means of providing an anonymous and free point of first contact for adolescents in need of sexual and reproductive health information. The goal of APROFAM's hotline was to improve adolescents' sexual, reproductive and mental health by offering emergency counselling and referrals. PROFAMILIA's goal was to offer counselling and referrals to those adolescents with questions or problems related to sexual and reproductive health but without direct access to services

Zimbabwe directory of HIV counselling services 2000

SOUTHERN AFRICAN AIDS TRAINING PROGRAMME (SAT)
2000

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This directory allows organisations to identify other organisations, who offer similar services, to whom they can refer their clients and with whom they can consult. The directory is divided into provinces. Each of the 229 entries gives the contact details of the organisation, along with information on the target clients, services offered, opening hours and charges for services. It also gives information on the training that an organisation might offer

Human rights and HIV/AIDS

LAZZARINI, Zita
June 1998

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HIV/AIDS prevention and care programmes engage the full range of human rights. International human rights instruments recognise that only non-derogable rights are absolute; other rights may be limited under certain circumstances. However the power to restrict such rights is narrwoly proscribed. To prevent the further spread of HIV/AIDS, while simultaneously protecting the rights of those infected with HIV and those who are not, HIV/AIDS policymakers must review the legality of HIV/AIDS policies, evaluate their public health goals, assess whether the policies can achieve those goals, and weigh whether the benefits outweigh the financial and human rights burden

Integrating STDs and AIDS services into family planning programs

CEDPA
1995

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[Publisher's abstract] A five-day, 13-session training workshop to broaden family planning programmes to meet additional reproductive health needs, field-tested in Kenya by more than 60 health care managers and community-based distributors. Topics include attitudes about STDs and HIV/AIDS, approaches to motivating behaviour change, cultural and gender issues in counselling, communication and counselling skills and content and confidentiality issues

Counselling directory

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This website contains information about the types of distress for which counselling may be helpful and a section on what counselling is and how it can help, as well as a directory of UK-based counsellors and therapists

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