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The 8 steps + : The role of community development organizations in providing holistic wheelchair services

ACCELERATING CORE COMPETANCIES FOR EFFECTIVE WHEELCHAIR SERVICE AND SUPPORT (ACCESS) PROJECT
October 2017

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This report suggests a “twin-track” approach based on the World Health Organization’s Guidelines on the Provision of Manual Wheelchairs in Less Resourced Settings, an eight-step process, and dedicated disability inclusion programming, the “plus.” By following this 8 Steps+ approach, community development organizations can provide appropriate wheelchairs and empower their constituencies to exercise their rights and fundamental freedoms.  

“We can also change” Piloting participatory research with persons with disabilities and older people in Bangladesh

BURNS, Danny
OSWALD, Katy
November 2014

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Sightsavers, HelpAge International, ADD International and Alzheimer’s Disease International worked together with the Institute of Development Studies (IDS) to bring the perspectives of those who live in poverty or who are highly marginalised into post-2015 policy making. The aim of the research was to understand better the experiences of social, political and economic exclusion of persons with disabilities and older people in Bangladesh from their own perspectives. Two groups (community and NGO) of peer researchers collected 70 stories from poor and/or excluded persons with disabilities and older people from each of the two sites: Bhashantek, an urban slum in Dhaka; and Cox’s Bazar, a rural area in southeast Bangladesh. From the stories collected and analysed in workshops, the peer researchers identified 13 priority areas that affect persons with disabilities and older people: accidents and disasters; livelihoods; access to education; medical treatment; family support; exclusion and mistreatment; superstition; access to services; mobility; marriage; land; rape and sexual abuse; the role of grassroots community-based organisations. Recommendations from the researchers are made in each area. The peer research programme was evaluated and guidelines for its use are provided.

Strengthening participation of children and young people with disability in advocacy

SIMMONS, Dr. Catharine
ROBINSON, Dr. Sally
October 2014

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Participation by children and young people in advocacy and change-making can not only improve and foster positive change in their own lives, but also influence the lives of others. When young people’s participation is supported, meaningful and engaged, multiple benefits accrue; their perspectives and experiences bring a unique contribution and can result in rights-based empowerment, enacted citizenship and improved relationships. This has the potential to shape policy, to increase the relevance and responsiveness of organisations they use, and to influence change in their communities in positive ways

 

However, there are significant issues and a range of barriers that discourage, prevent or actively exclude children and young people with disability from participating. A culture of low expectations, social and cultural barriers, relationship and identity difficulties and practical hurdles exist for many young people. As a result, many are precluded from participation, particularly around change-making activities

 

This paper examines how meaningful participation of children and young people with disability in advocacy and change-making can be strengthened. In the paper CDA calls for the promotion of children and young people’s participation as active and valued community members

 

This paper is also available at http://www.cyda.org.au/cda-issue-papers

 

Issue Papers

Inclusive disaster risk management : a framework and toolkit

FERRETTI, Silva
KHAMIS, Marion
2014

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This framework and toolkit have been designed to support practitioners in challenging and deepening inclusiveness in their work. They have been designed in simple language, so the resource should be easy to adapt for the use of field staff as a complement to existing manuals and operational resources on DRM. The practical framework contains the following sections:introduction, framework for inclusive DRM, levels of achievements, and assessing inclusiveness, using the framework for,  annexes and Q&A. Throughout the resource, related resources and checklists are provided and the toolbox features cartoons, tools catalogue, learning pills, case studies, poster and 4D lenses. These resources are useful for practitioners who want to develop an understanding of inclusive DRM framework and to learn how to practically assess inclusiveness in in ongoing DRM situations

Capacity building in network organisations : experiences from and practical guidelines for HIV and other networks

SLUIJS-DOYLE, José
November 2009

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This report assesses seven capacities of organisations of people living with HIV and other HIV network organisations to see what makes a well-functioning network. These capacities are: involvement and accountability; partnership alliances; leadership; knowledge and skills; internal communication; impact, outputs and external communication; and management and finance. The report looks at four network organisations in Eastern and Southern Africa, with secondary research drawn from networks in Bangladesh, Nepal and India. The findings and recommendations cannot be applied universally to capacity strengthening in all network organisations, but need to be adapted to the context of each particular group

HIV and AIDS services worldwide

BEAUMONT, Sylvie
April 2009

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This directory lists contact details and service profiles of over 2,200 organisations working in the HIV and AIDS fields in 189 countries throughout the world. It aims to foster the sharing of skills, information and expertise. The directory lists international, national and regional organisations, as well as international networks, treatment centres, key specialist agencies and research units linked to community-based projects. The information is indexed both by organisation name and category of work, and is presented in four languages: English, Spanish, French and Portuguese. A CD-ROM version is included, and the information in this directory is searchable on NAM's on-line database at www.aidsmap.com

CBO capacity analysis : a toolkit for assessing and building capacities for high quality responses to HIV

INTERNATIONAL HIV/AIDS ALLIANCE
December 2007

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This toolkit was developed to enable community based organisations to analyse levels of capacity in different organisational and technical areas. It is based on a previous toolkit developed under the Communities Responding to the HIV/AIDS Epidemic (CORE) Initiative. It can be used with community organisations to identify capacity-building needs, plan any technical support needed by the organisation, and monitor and evaluate the impact of capacity-building support

Network capacity analysis : a toolkit for assessing and building capacities for high quality responses to HIV. Rapid assessment guide

INTERNATIONAL HIV/AIDS ALLIANCE
December 2007

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The aim of this toolkit is to build the skills required by civil society networks to develop and strengthen their capacity. They can be used by networks to help identify their capacity development needs, plan technical support interventions, and monitor and evaluate the impact of capacity building. The intention of this toolkit is to contribute to a better understanding of what makes for successful, well functioning networks, and to the development of methodologies for analysing and building their capacity

Community mobilisation manual

PRIVATE AGENCIES COLLABORATING TOGETHER (PACT), TANZANIA
2007

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This is a "how-to" book, intended for community mobilisers who want to stimulate social change in a community to work towards poverty eradication, good governance, increased transparency -- in short community empowerment. This manual identifies key steps in the community mobilisation process; it stresses the role and responsibility of the community leader or coordinator of an activity, community networks and other Civil Society groups, including local citizens

CBO/FBO capacity analysis : a tool for assessing and building capacities for high quality responses to HIV/AIDS

CORE INIATIVE
November 2005

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This publication was developed by the CORE Initiative to enable community and faith based organisations to analyse levels of capacity in different areas of organisational and technical work. It is based on an existing toolkit for NGOs developed by the International HIV/AIDS Alliance (the NGO Capacity Analysis Toolkit) and on a design developed by Geoff Foster, of Family AIDS Caring Trust in Zimbabwe. This tool can be used with community organisations to identify capacity-building needs, plan any technical support needed by the organisation and monitor and evaluate the impact of capacity-building support

Building capacity to mainstream HIV/AIDS internally : reflecting on CABUNGO's experience with NGOs in Malawi

CABUNGO
JAMES, Rick
July 2005

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Many community service organisations (CSOs) in Malawi turn a blind eye to the impact of HIV and AIDS in their own organisation. This is partly because, although individual staff are highly aware of HIV and AIDS issues, the internal impact on their own organisation is not very visible yet, and costs are unknown. Most CSOs do not yet fully appreciate the extent of what mainstreaming HIV and AIDS in their organisation means. This brief paper contends that if the programming side of an organisation is going to be effective, it is critical for an organisation to put its own house in order and mainstream HIV and AIDS internally. It presents its case study and describes challenges encountered by 23 participating organisations. Lessons for donors, and for CSOs are elaborated

Saving lives : including people with disabilities in emergency planning

NATIONAL COUNCIL ON DISABILITY
April 2005

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This report provides an overview of the steps US federal government should take to include people with disabilities in emergency preparedness, disaster relief and homeland security program.  Key recommendations are provided and offer examples of community efforts to take account of the needs of people with disabilities

 

Note: This report is also available in alternative formats on the National Council on Disability's (NCD) website: http://www.ncd.gov/

Bottlenecks and drip-feeds : channelling resources to communities responding to orphans and vulnerable children in southern Africa

FOSTER, Geoff
2005

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"This report summarises findings from recent research by Save the Children UK in southern Africa. The research was undertaken in order to identify policy and advocacy issues that, once addressed, would increase the flow of resources to community-based organisations in ways that ensure that vulnerable children benefit. This report considers what the most efficient and effective mechanisms are that can be implemented at a scale to provide such support"

Responding to children affected by HIV and AIDS : using external support to strengthen community initiative and motivation

WEAVER, Richard
October 2004

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Substantive international action on HIV and AIDS is not translating into effective responses for those worst affected by the epidemic, particularly children. Instead, it is community-based organisations and community initiatives which are most successful in reaching out to these children, often without being resourced by external sources. This briefing paper highlights the responses and lessons learned by a number of Southern-based partner organisations, and makes recommendations for DFID and other donors

NGO capacity analysis : a toolkit for assessing and building capacities for high quality responses to HIV/AIDS

International HIV/AIDS Alliance
Ed
July 2004

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This toolkit can be used to identify the capacity building needs of NGOs, plan technical support interventions and monitor and evaluate the impact of capacity building. The toolkit is aimed at people and organisations that support NGOs and CBOs responding to HIV/AIDS in developing countries. Including NGO support programmes, training institutions and individual trainers

Community group participation : can it help young women to avoid HIV? An exploratory study of social capital and school education in rural Zimbabwe

GREGSON, Simon
et al
June 2004

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Evidence shows that young people remain at risk of contracting HIV despite high levels of knowledge about HIV/AIDS. This paper argues that membership of local community groups in rural Zimbabwe is associated with greater avoidance of HIV and safer sexual behaviour. Group membership facilitates access to health information, supports informed hehavioural changes and connects young people to powerful and resourced groupings or institutions. It also looks at factors determining greater participation in community groups and efficient use of community social capital. It finds that young women with secondary education are disproportionately more represented in local groups and more likely to avoid HIV, concluding that there may be a synergistic relationship between school education and social capital

Integrated questionnaire for the measurement of social capital

GROOTAERT, Christiaan
et al
2004

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This paper introduces a tool, the Integrated Questionnaire for the Measurement of Social Capital, with a focus on developing countries. The tool aims to generate quantitative data on six dimensions of social capital as part of a larger household survey. These dimensions are: groups and networks, trust and solidarity, collective action and cooperation, information and communication, social cohesion and inclusion, empowerment and political action. The tool was tested in Albania and Nigeria and the lessons learned are presented

Community based organisations : the emerging force within the third sector, strengthening the human rights capacity of community based organisations (CBOs) : a survey of 9 southern African countries, January 2004

FAHAMU
CENTRE FOR ADULT EDUCATION (CAE)
2004

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This is the report of a survey to gather information about community-based organisations (CBOs) in southern Africa, The survey findings show the kinds of work CBOs do; the nature of the organisations; how are they constituted; the extent to which they seek to protect and promote human rights; their priorities; their strengths and weaknesses as organisations; the training that they access and the training would make a difference to their work; the sources of information they use and the kind of information they need. It also looked at what access to computers and the Internet the CBOs have

Directories of organisations in international health, disability and development

SOURCE INTERNATIONAL INFORMATION SUPPORT CENTRE
2004

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This is a list of directories or databases of organisations working in the fields of international health, disability and/or development, which are held in Source or freely available online. These are the latest versions available. Each entry includes the title, author and publisher of the directory, along with a short abstract, the directory's shelf location in Source, an Internet address for an online version of the directory (if available), and the contact details of its distributors

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Source e-bulletin on Disability and Inclusion

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