This provides an overview of UNICEF’s 2016-2030 Strategy for Health which "aims to: end preventable maternal, newborn, and child deaths; and promote the health and development of all children. With the first goal, UNICEF commits to maintaining focus on the critical unmet needs related to maternal, newborn and under-5 survival. With the second, UNICEF highlights the importance of also looking beyond survival and addressing the health and development needs of older children and adolescents. The Strategy emphasises the importance of prioritising the needs of the most deprived children and promotes multi-sectoral approaches to enhance child development and address underlying causes and determinants of poor health outcomes. It aims to shift UNICEF from vertical disease programmes to strengthening health systems and building resilience, including calling for better integration of humanitarian and development efforts by encouraging risk-informed programming in all contexts"
This manual, along with the attached annex, presents useful information about community based rehabilitation (CBR) in Sudan. It is to be used as a practical tool for both existing CBR schemes and other communities that are looking forward to establishing CBR schemes. This document is divided into the following eight practical units:
1: Community Based Rehabilitation: Concepts and practical strategies
2: Community Based Rehabilitation and Social change
3: CBR & Education
4: CBR & Health
5: CBR & Livelihood
6: CBR & Employment
7: CBR & Management strategies
8: Training of trainers guide
The annex provides additional advice on the practical application of CBR theories and strategies in the context of Sudan
Note: OVCI gave copyright permission for this document to be uploaded and made publicly available on the Source website
"This manual provides specific tips and recommendations on how to include people with disabilities in community-based disaster risk management (CBDRM) work; these tips are applicable to other socially marginalized groups such as illiterate people or ethnic minorities"
"This article discusses the training of mental health workers whose basic job is with clients that have been seriously affected by armed conflict and/or natural disasters by using ‘helping through talking’, and who have had little education that is relevant to this work. It sums up the characteristics required of the workers, their learning needs, the messages that the training needs to convey, and the characteristics and potential contents of a tailor made, participants-oriented programme"
Intervention, Vol 9, Issue 2
This component of the CBR Guidelines focuses on health and how to make it inclusive. It describes "the role of CBR is to work closely with the health sector to ensure that the needs of people with disabilities and their family members are addressed in the areas of health promotion, prevention, medical care, rehabilitation and assistive devices. CBR also needs to work with individuals and their families to facilitate their access to health services and to work with other sectors to ensure that all aspects of health are addressed"
It outlines key concepts and then presents the core concepts, examples and areas of suggested activities in each of the following five elements: Health promotion; Prevention; Medical care; Rehabilitation; and Assistive devices. This guideline is useful for anyone interested in health component of CBR
These guidelines provide an overview of key CBR concepts, indentify goals and outcomes that CBR programmes should be working towards, and provide suggested activities to achieve these goals. The guidelines are presented in seven separate booklets: Introductory booklet, Health component, Education component, Livelihood component, Social component, Empowerment component and Supplementary booklet. This resource is useful for people interested in inclusive community-based development for people with disabilities
Note: Links are provided to the CBR Matrix and MP3 audio files
This publication is the report of a project to scale-up a community-based model, in Kenya, that enabled women to give birth safely at home or be referred to a hospital when attended by a self-employed skilled midwife living in the community. The findings of the project were that community midwifery contributed to increasing the proportion of women assisted by skilled attendants during birth in the four districts in which the scheme was trialed, amounting to just under half of all skilled attended births in the districts. Although the skilled birth attendant rate in these districts was well below the national average of 42 percent, there was a steady increase in the proportion of attended deliveries since CMs were introduced in 2005. The districts also reported an increase in postnatal assessments in the first 48 hours and increase in immunization coverage
This is the report of an intervention study in Kibera, an urban slum in Nairobi, to determine what effect three different community-based activities had on the utilisation of key prevention of mother-to-child transmission (PMTCT) services. The interventions included moving services closer to the population via mobile clinics, as well as increasing psychosocial support through the use of traditional birth attendants and peer counsellors as PMTCT promoters
This article explains why, in the face of increased funding for malaria programmes, the disease incidence shows little signs of abating. In sub-Saharan Africa nearly a million people die as a result of malaria. The article draws attention to the cultural, social and economic contexts in which communities deal with the consequences of malaria. Health systems, services and infrastructures are generally inadequate and fail to deliver proper care. Malaria can also be perceived as a mild illness and used to hide more stigmatising health problems. The paper advocates focusing on the 'normality' of malaria, and exploring the social and economic contexts that shape household and community responses to malaria
The study is the follow up to a baseline study (2000) on Deutsche Gesellschaft fuer Technische Zusammenarbeit (GTZ) GmbH supported Community Based Distribution (CBD) activities in Lushoto Division in Tanzania. The study found that contraceptive prevalence was 43.2%, almost double previous figures, and that women's knowledge of contraceptive methods had increased from 77.1% to 84.4%. CBD agents provide an important 'social link' between communities and the professional health sector. The knowledge of long term methods is high and it seems, in the comparison with non-CBD villages, that CBD agents intensify the demand for these services. The number of unplanned pregnancies has decreased from 58.3% to 26.8%, while a higher proportion of deliveries was attended by health personnel (22% to 37.5%). In the context of this study, it was however not possible to measure the CBD contribution to these changes over time, other contributing factors being difficult to measure
This orientation kit is based on the Like Minds, Like Mine initiative of the New Zealand Ministry of Health. It gives a comprehensive overview about the project and approaches to anti-discrimination work
This is a comprehensive, authoritative and independent review of the South African health system. It is published annually and the theme of this year's edition is the restructuring of the health care system: progress to date. It is made up of 21 chapters grouped into four themes: framework for transformation, human resources, priority programmes and support systems. The review acts as a barometer for assessing the transformation processes and their impact on provision of equitable health care to all in South Africa
This plan looks forward, by creating a vision for a world free of discrimination and looking at strategies for getting there. But we also need to look where discrimination starts. People often say it starts with fear, ignorance, misunderstanding, pity or malice which in reality are different faces of discrimination that have to be tackled
This is a comprehensive, authoritative and independent review of the South African health system. It is published annually and this year's edition is is made up of 17 chapters grouped into four themes: listening to voices, equity, information for health, accountability and transformation. The review acts as a barometer for assessing the transformation processes and their impact on provision of equitable health care to all in South Africa
This Roll Back Malaria (RBM) publication focuses on community involvement in malaria control. Community based health initiatives enable the 'home to be the first hospital' and are the life support systems of people who are poor, isolated and living in rural areas. The publication sets out the main areas of community participation and RBM's efforts to ensure that the health care needs of those most at risk of malaria are met. RBM's action at community level is based on some principles of community participation; broadening partnership; building upon experience; developing community-level intervention channels; improving linkages between communities and the district health system; strengthening district capacity for RBM community actions; strengthening community self-monitoring and decision-making; and effective communications strategy
Building in-depth relationships and meaningful networks is crucial to an effective response to HIV and AIDS. Partnerships generate greater NGOs mobilisation, NGOs capacity building and favour the sharing of lessons learned. This publication, which draws on Alliance's experience and has been extensively field tested, discusses what developing partnerships entails, how to develop a partnership plan, how to build effective partnership and how to monitor and share lessons about partnerships. Includes activities and exercises for workshops. The toolkit is suitable for use with NGOs and community groups with varied levels of experience in building partnerships and it is designed to be used flexibly by facilitators
Source e-bulletin on Disability and Inclusion