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Alternative forms of care for children without parental care : prospects, challenges and opportunities in developing community based care strategies in India

VOORST, Annemiek van
May 2006

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This paper presents an overview of the debate on children without parental care and possible models of care, including: out-of-home care, child-headed households, informal care by family members or others, formal foster care by family members or others, residential facilities, transit centres, and placement abroad. It outlines the UNICEF and UNAIDS framework for collective action, which considers families and communities as the foundation of an effective, scaled-up response to the increase in the number of orphans and vulnerable children all over the world. It calls for strengthening the coping capacities of families, supporting community-based responses, ensuring access for children without parental care to essential services, promoting adequate government policies and raising awareness through advocacy and social mobilisation

Children without parental care : qualitative alternatives [whole issue]

December 2005

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A growing number of children around the world are currently orphaned or otherwise growing up without parents, due to conflicts, natural disasters and HIV and AIDS. This issue of Early Childhood Matters takes a look at the current state of international thinking on the issue of children without parental care. It highlights the need for international guidelines that guarantee the appropriateness of the environment in which children grow up

Permanency planning : the principles to be taken into account. A global policy for children and family

INTERNATIONAL SOCIAL SERVICE
INTERNATIONAL REFERENCE CENTRE FOR THE RIGHTS OF THE CHILD DEPRIVED OF FAMILY (ISS/IRC)
October 2005

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Apart from preventing the separation of children from their family of origin, one of the main challenges today in many countries entails developing an individual and lifelong plan, preferably in a family, for every child housed in institutional or foster care. This document outlines basic principles of developing or elaborating on a lifelong plan. Central to this process is a multi-disciplinary approach that combines the activities of the social, psychological, medical, and legal services

Community-based foster homes in Ethiopia : an account of a follow-up experience ten years after phase out

JAREG, Elizabeth
2005

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The study in this report arises from the context of famine and war, and is Save the Children Norway’s contribution. It presents an overview of the context and background of the community-based foster homes project in Ethiopia and describes in details its development and implementation. It then presents the findings and lessons learnt from the follow-up of children placed in community-based foster homes in 2001. These include, among others, include: the necessity for long-term protection and follow-up; the importance of recognising that children relate to persons, not organisations; the importance of foster mothers’ relationships with the community; the importance of strong networks among children and children’s active participation; systematic monitoring. Lessons learnt and insights can be useful to those working with orphans and children without parental care. Lessons learnt can also be applied to the context of HIV and AIDS

Inter-agency guiding principles on unaccompanied and separated children

INTERNATIONAL COMMITTEE OF THE RED CROSS (ICRC)
et al
January 2004

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This publication outlines the guiding principles which form the basis for action when children are unaccompanied, become separated from their families or other adults who they know, or are orphaned in disaster situations, armed conflicts or other crises. The guiding principles are intended primarily for national, international and non-governmental organizations and other associations concerned with separated children. They are also designed to assist governments and donors in meeting their obligations and taking funding decisions

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