The BDO programme aims to address key barriers and opportunites for ICTs in achieving development targets. As part of the BDO programme a series of case studies have been conducted by OneWorld International to help give decision makers a clear understanding of how civil society is actually using information and communication technologies, and what their impact is. The Central America case studies look at a technoclub for young people, a feminist radio station and a cultural video production project in Costa Rica; and a website for agricultural workers, telecentre and internet portal on deomcratisation, an anti-corruption project, and a project focusing on human rights of homosexuals in El Salvador
This book deals with the need to adapt mainstream development and humanitarian work to address the problem of AIDS indirectly. The text is based on case studies drawn from the experiences of three agencies (ActionAid, Oxfam International and Save the Children UK) and their partners
Case study analyses whether Poverty Reduction Programs (PRSPs) are delivering for health. Case study describes obstacles faced by the poor in accessing health services. Paper advocates a need for bottom up process with more involvement of the poor in policy formulation and implementation
This case study collection aims to help projects working with men in order to have an impact on the HIV epidemic. It presents experiences and lessons from a range of different projects that involve men, gender identity, sexuality or related issues, offering inspiration, ideas and models for working with different kinds of men in a deliberately broad range of contexts
This chapter presents some examples of good practice in Bolivia in the area of e-health and information and communications-enabled health care communication and health information management
Showcasing the lessons learned from 17 infoDev Projects, this book aims to create an explicitly available resource that offers descriptions of selected ICT for Development (ICT4D) projects and their impact on poverty. The book first presents case studies of a cross-section of projects funded by the infoDev core programme, then follows with a comprehensive study and analysis of the impact and limits of those projects
The expansion and transfer of information and communication technology is crucial to the economic growth of developing countries. Connectivity through the Internet, in particular, is essential in a global and increasingly expanding knowledge economy, but it is also important for the improvement of national services and government (e-health, e-education, e-government). This book focuses on Internet technologies and opportunities and argues that for resource-constrained countries the deployment of broadband wireless Internet may be the only viable and the most cost/effective option. Chapters address technology, regulatory issues, vendor resources, and country guidelines. The second part of the book contains 12 case studies, covering a broad range of areas, from sustainability to education, remote regions, WISPs, shared access, adaptive technologies, and rebuilding nations, and includes useful lists of key things to remember
This report looks at how to increase access of people living with HIV to ARV treatment, building on the experience of KHANA and its partners. Its major recommendations include scaling up care and support, and developing new approaches for community preparedness. It recommends doing this by providing technical and financial support for ongoing information, skills and training, influencing policy, involving people living with HIV/AIDS and communities, encouraging dialogue and collaboration, and making better use of existing structures and services. It includes case studies and a range of useful resources
This is a case study produced by ACORD in Tanzania. It examines the process and effects of a series of initiatives and interventions designed with the aim of creating an "AIDS-competent" society. The interventions used a rights-based approach; involving the three principles of accountability, empowerment and participation. The study gives the background to ACORD's work in Tanzania, discusses programmes in Karagwe (a semi-rural area) and Mwanza (an urban shanty area) and then examines the characteristics common to both programmes. The programmes include such elements as gender relations, legal rights, micro-credit and income generation opportunities and anti-discrimination and -marginalisation strategies. The programmes worked closely with and reinforced already-existing local structures, such as village tribal committees or semi-official "Street Committees"
This study's main objectives are to evaluate traditional means of communication; to note their constraints; to select the traditional methods which can best be used for the diffusion of information and to devise a strategy for implementing the selected method of traditional communication. The methodology of this survey is based on the Active Method of Participative Research.
The study illustrates that the traditional media for communication in Cameroon are: the gong and songs accompanied by dances (in all of the surveyed provinces); the xylophone (in the center and south); griot [travelling poet] and balafon (in the east); colleagues of the traditional chiefs (Lawanes, Djaoros); and messengers of traditional chiefs or muezzins (extreme north).There are numerous constraints to using individuals in devising communications strategies: a lack of trained musicians, the lack of initiative on the part of the village elders, the disinterest of the youth, conflict among the different generations, the proliferation of modern communications technologies, the complexity of training in various methods, the possible alteration of messages, a lack of motivation and the slow speed of transmission. The study notes that the best methods for the diffusion of information in the regions surveyed in Cameroon are: the gong, the colleagues and messengers of traditional chiefs to organize village meetings in which reproductive health issues could be raised, singing and dancing, travelling poets and xylophones.
In order to devise effective strategies for conveying messages about reproductive health through these traditional methods of communication, traditional authorities must be engaged early on in the process and informed of the importance of these means of communication; qualified individuals must be identified as resources and others trained; and a training of trainers must be conducted
Armed forces play a critical role in fighting HIV/AIDS worldwide. This case study highlights groundbreaking work done by uniformed personnel in Eritrea to fight the epidemic, particularly efforts made by the Eritrean Defence Force (EDF) and UN peacekeeping mission to Ethiopia and Eritrea (UNMEE)
This paper looks at why some research policy ideas are picked up and acted on while others are ignored and disappear. It examines the processes, findings and implications of 50 summary case studies on research policy linkages. Discussion centres around four interlinked spheres: context, evidence, links and external influences. Some case studies show a clear and direct link between research and policy, while most show a less direct impact with a necessity for strong advocacy efforts. The case studies represent an interesting range of evidence and experience about research-policy links from around the world. They include examples from a wide range of types of research carried out by a variety of organisations and illustrate different types of policy impact. This ranges from direct impact on policy, changes in policy implementation, and changes on the ground but little in policy
This presentation gives an overview of what works in participatory communication based on the experience of the past 50 years. It looks at an 'alphabet soup' of approaches in development communication, provides some definitions and discusses some common misconceptions about communication in development. There have been some changes in the practice of development communication which are noted. There are then some case studies looking at different interventions, followed by five key ideas on what works in development communication
This piece of research is a review into listening to and consulting with young children in the UK under five years old with a focus on views and experiences of education and child care. Different methodologies and approaches used in research and consultation are examined including those operating alongside listening to practitioners and parents, and tools that are open to young children with special needs. The impact is then considered based upon evidence gained of children's experiences and priorities, and subsequent changes to attitudes and practice. The review contains case studies to draw upon
This report explores the current status and opportunities for open source software for organisations in Burkina Faso, Uganda and Tanzania, and posits possible migration scenarios (from proprietary towards open source software) and discusses what arguments should play a role in deciding to switch platforms. Includes a useful mock- question and answer session about open source from the perspectives of an NGO director, a chief information officer, and ICT specialist, and a marketing assistant
After Action Review (AAR) is a review technique for appraising ongoing or past operational activity. Part One of this paper identifies the principal components of an AAR-type process and explains how AAR works. It also contains a section on the assumptions underpinning the methodology used for this study. Parts Two, Three and Four each describe the experience of an individual agency or event. Part Five explores the comparative dimensions of the case studies, and lessons learned are described in an Annex
The document analyses the 'Communication Without Borders' programme - a proposal developed in the Republic of Costa Rica in 2003 to incorporate new technologies into the life of the citizens. It examines the programme as it works in reality, showing the difference between the ideal model and the one executed. It makes recommendations around policy issues, institutional change and infrastructure development
A concise description of After Action Review, its strengths and weaknesses, good practice, and practical guidance tips
This report calls on international donors to join with African countries in implemeting World Health Organization (WHO) guidelines on the treatment of malaria. WHO recommends that African countries facing resistance to classical antimalarials introduce drug combinations containing artemisinin derivatives - artemisinin-based combination therapy (ACT). This report defines the malaria problem, looks at what works in malaria treatment and outlines what needs to be done to make ACT work in reality
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