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Building the capacity of local organizations in reproductive health : Nepal case study

GHIMIRE, Jagdish
NAKARMI, Gopal
MCKAIG, Catharine
2005

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This report describes the process World Neighbors used to partner with local non-governmental organisations in developing a reproductive health component in Terai, a rural area in the southeastern plains of Nepal. This document describes the setting, design, and unique aspects of the programme, as well as its key accomplishments and lessons learned. The central strategy of the program model is to support reproductive health (RH) through women's empowerment. A key element is the provision of RH services through local NGO-run clinics and outreach services using female providers. Within this framework run several special initiatives include: working with local NGOs that have little or no RH experience; establishing NGO-run self-reliant, rural clinics; providing outreach services linked with self-help groups; the development of formal savings and credit cooperatives (which, in turn, support the clinics); the supportive approach to monitoring and supervision, and addressing the practical needs of rural women

Making the connection : assessing the impact of integrating natural resource management and reproductive health in the Loboc Watershed, Bohol Island, Philippines

LUCERO, Rainera
et al
2005

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This document reports the methods and findings of an operational research project designed to assess the impact of efforts to integrate natural resource management and reproductive health with comparison to stand-alone reproductive health and natural resource management programs. Although there were not significant differences in reproductive health or natural resource management indicators in the three program sites after the brief (less than 20 months) implementation period, the results suggest that the integrated approach used by World Neighbors-Philippines and its partners positively impacts community organization and empowerment, and generates active involvement of a broader segment of the community

HIV-related stigma, discrimination and human rights violations: case studies of successful programmes

JOINT UNITED NATIONS PROGRAMME ON HIV/AIDS (UNAIDS)
2005

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This report is a collection of case studies of projects, programmes and activities around the world that have used innovative methods to challenge HIV-related stigma, discrimination and human rights violations. The case studies are grouped under stigma-reduction approaches; anti-discrimination measures; and human rights and legal approaches. They are followed by some cross-project/activity analysis that identifies common elements and a number of key principles of success, each of which offers an entry point for innovative and potentially effective work

Improving support for black disabled people : lessons from community organisations on making change happen

SINGH, Becca
2005

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“This study reviews the JRF’s Making Change Happen programme, which provided a year’s funding to four grassroots development organisations with a track record in providing support to black disabled people. The report sets out the learning that emerged from the four development projects. It includes: overviews of the four development projects; learning and common themes, with boxed illustrations from the projects; detailed case studies from two of the projects; practical pointers and suggestions for voluntary and community organisations wishing to improve support to black and minority ethnic disabled people; and some questions for funders and service providers to consider”

Building bridges with SIPAA : lessons from an African response to HIV and AIDS

DUNN, Alison
HEALTHLINK WORLDWIDE
2005

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This document examines the key lessons from the Support to the International Partnership against AIDS in Africa (SIPAA) programme implemented between 2001 and 2005 in nine African countries. The programme's main focus was on African leadership and ownership, involvement and participation of people living with or affected by HIV and AIDS and mobilisation of national and regional partners. Lessons learned include: meaningful involvement of people living with HIV and AIDS; supporting associations according to potential rather than proven track record; networks support; support for local leaders; making connections through National AIDS Councils; building strong partnerships; sharing information and knowledge across Africa; making the most of African skills and resources

World disasters report 2005 : focus on information in disasters [summary]

INTERNATIONAL FEDERATION ON RED CROSS AND RED CRESCENT SOCIETIES (IFRCS)
2005

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This report considers the quality of communication between aid givers and receivers, and what impact this has on vulnerable people. The report examines how information is handled before, during and after disasters. It analyses thematic issues such as consulting with affected people, assessing needs, mapping risks and sharing information. It looks at the role of both local and international media, and the impact of information and communication technology on humanitarian relief. The report calls on agencies to focus less on gathering information for their own needs and more on exchanging information with the people they seek to support

Child-centred approaches to HIV/AIDS [whole issue]

KENYA AIDS NGOS CONSORTIUM (KANCO)
THE CHILD TO CHILD TRUST
Eds
December 2004

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This issue of Child to Child Newsletter focuses on the "Child centred approaches to HIV/AIDS" (CCATH) project and related initiatives in east Africa. It documents various initiatives to identifying and replicating positive coping mechanisms and mitigating negative ones

Great expectations

WORLD HEALTH ORGANISATION (WHO)
November 2004

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The subject of World Health Day 2005 is maternal and child health. In the lead up to World Health Day on 7 April 2005, six mothers-to-be living in different countries of the world are sharing their experiences of pregnancy and childbirth. The six unique stories reflect a common theme, the central importance of child health to families, communities and societies and aim to raise awareness of the challenges faced on a global level in improving maternal and newborn health

Improving access to health information : how can we do better? [whole issue]

PAKENHAM-WALSH, NEIL
BUKACHI, FRED
Eds
November 2004

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This special issue of the INASP Newsletter is dedicated to the 'Global Review on Access to Health Information in Developing Countries', a major initiative proposed by representatives of 20 leading health organisations worldwide.The paper points out that much has been achieved over the last 10 years, but that the majority of the world's healthcare providers remain isolated from the information they need. The papers in this issue of the newsletter give a glimpse of the extraordinary diversity of health information activities worldwide. Diversity can bring fragmentation or synergy. There is a need to share experience and expertise, otherwise there will be a duplication of effort and wasting of resources

Sharing knowledge for community development and transformation : a handbook|[Sharing knowledge handbook 2]

MCHOMBU, Kingo J
August 2004

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This handbook addresses the information needs of rural communities in Africa and explores the relationship between knowledge and development, and how community information resource centres can contribute to and can spark community development. It provides guidance for establishing community information centres and for ensuring their sustainability. The second edition includes several case studies from Ethiopia, draws out lessons learned, and includes a special section on HIV and AIDS resource centres. Each chapter concludes with suggested discussion questions for community groups

The use of information and communication technologies (ICTs) in African public library services

ROSENBURG, Diana
July 2004

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This article concerns the use of computers in public libraries in developing countries. To investigate the current level of use of ICTs and plans for the future within the public library environment, a survey was undertaken of 22 public library services in ten English-speaking African countries. The results indicate great disparities in the level of access to computers between the countries, and within country, and indicate a need for more funding and appropriate training

Autonomy or dependence? North-south NGO partnerships

BREHM, Vicky Mancuso
July 2004

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This paper describes research undertaken by INTRAC into the relationships between northern and southern NGOs working in partnership. It summarises European and southern perspectives on partnership based on research and three case studies, and draws out the key themes. It concludes with some recommendations, especially around funding, accountability/transparency, and working together as organisations rather than pairings of individuals or departments

Mainstreaming HIV/AIDS in development and humanitarian programmes

HOLDEN, Sue
July 2004

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This book deals with the need to adapt mainstream development and humanitarian work to address the problem of HIV and AIDS. It explains the concept of 'mainstreaming' HIV/AIDS in simple language, with practical guidelines for applying the approach in a wide range of sectors. The author's previous book, 'AIDS on the Agenda: Adapting Development and Humanitarian Programmes to Meet the Challenge of HIV/AIDS', made the case for mainstreaming, using both theoretical discussion and experiences from the field. She has now adapted that work to produce this shorter and simpler book, to make the idea and practice of mainstreaming more accessible to those who actually do development and humanitarian work, as well as those who manage and fund it

Antiretroviral therapy in primary health care : experience of the Chiradzulu programme in Malawi. Case study

MEDECINS SANS FRONTIERES (MSF) MALAWI
July 2004

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The Chiradzulu programme is one of MSF's largest. MSF currently provides HAART to more than 13,000 patients in 56 projects spread across 25 countries. These programmes provide a continuum of care, including prevention efforts (health education, prevention of mother-to-child transmission of HIV), voluntary counselling and testing, prevention and treatment of opportunistic infections, HAART and nutritional and psychosocial support. Although the Chiradzulu project is still evolving, and treatment systems and point of care continue to be modified, the project has already shown that when treatment is adapted to local conditions and is supported by human and financial resources, rural health systems can effectively provide comprehensive HIV/AIDS care

Critical thinking [whole issue]

June 2004

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Critical thinking is considered to be part of the holistic development of young children as it is a key ability for children to guide their way through dilemmas, decisions and choices they make in life. This issue includes a review of strategies and teaching methods, and a discussion of the extent to which the youngest children can be considered capable of critical thinking. Fostering critical thinking as an aim of education is then argued for, using the instruments that have been developed to support the implementation of the Convention on the Rights of the Child. The concept of ‘Philosophy for Children’ is examined followed by an exploration of a programmed centred on philosophy for children in Iceland. A programme in the Andes in Argentina looks at the links between philosophy for children and resilience. The Insights From the Field section features the work of Mobile Creches Projects and of the links between critical thinking skills and HIV/AIDS in Mozambique

Sustainable ICT

May 2004

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This website was created as part of a DFID-funded research programme on sustainability factors in ICT for development projects. It presents a diverse range of case studies of programmes attempting to use information and commuication technologies as an integrated component of development programming, addressing economic, social and institutional sustainability. A brief description and the key objectives are provided for each, with a link through to each of the actual studies. The website also includes links to the research report, which provides useful analysis

HIV prevention and care with especially vulnerable young people : a framework for action

AGGLETON, Peter
CHASE, Elaine
RIVERS, Kim
April 2004

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This document sets out five core principles underpinning effective HIV/AIDS prevention programming with young people: putting the young person first; promoting meaningful participation; a commitment to rights; promoting gender equity; and tackling risk and vulnerability. It also offers a straightforward guide to priority setting, with a focus on action to reduce risk, action to reduce vulnerability and action to mitigate impact. Examples of successful implementation of this framework are presented in 'HIV prevention with especially vulnerable young people: case studies of success and innovation' (2006). This is a useful resource for policy-makers, practitioners and researchers working to promote young people's sexual health in resource-constrained settings

Opportunities to scale up participatory approaches for youth and media

CHETLEY, Andrew
March 2004

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This paper looks at a different way to scale up participatory approaches, in particular a method that involves participatory communication. It considers how communication, participation, networking, diversity and association relate to the issue of scaling up. It gives examples of participatory approaches to communication which have worked when scaled up, along with the key lessons and principles that can be extracted

Moving forward : a report on pioneering responses to children affected by HIV/AIDS in Andhra Pradesh, India

VASAVYA MAHILA MANDALI (VMM)
March 2004

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Since 2000, the International HIV/AIDS Alliance and its country office in India has worked in three states in India to establish and support three Lead Partners, including Vasavya Mahila Mandali (VMM), and 37 implementing NGOs to carry out a pioneering programme of home and community-based care and support for children affected by HIV/AIDS and their families. In this report, VMM draws on its work to identify gaps in existing services and propose effective initiatives, policies and examples of good practice for dealing with the issues that children face when they are affected by HIV/AIDS

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