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Getting the message across : the mass media and the response to AIDS

JOINT UNITED NATIONS PROGRAMME ON HIV/AIDS (UNAIDS)
December 2005

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The mass media have the potential to provide a platform for discussion, communication and education on HIV and AIDS, giving a voice to people living with HIV and AIDS (PLWHA), challenging stigma and discrimination, lobbying policy makers and building partnerships and capacity through sharing and transferring skills and expertise. However, mass media can also disseminate misleading messages, while HIV/AIDS communication competes with other topics for broadcasting time and audiences. This report presents three case studies of effective and creative use of the media in South Africa: Soul City and Soul Buddyz adopt an 'edutainment' approach, aiming both to educate and entertain; the Community Health Media Trust produces a series of programmes addressing issues concerning people with HIV/AIDS; Takalani makes television and radio programmes, to encourage small children to develop self-esteem, offer positive models and destigmatise PLWHA. Detailing the lessons learned from these experiences, the report looks at how target audiences are chosen, how partnerships are formed, how topics and ideas are developed and what ethical issues arise

Tele-neurosurgery facility inaugurated in Banglore hospital

September 2005

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A report on the inauguration of the tele-neurosurgery facility at Manipal Hospital in Bangalore. The facility will allow access to consultants working in the neurosurgical intensive care unit at the hospital and the unit will additionally provide continuous medical education in the form of talks, workshops and live surgical demonstrations

Handhelds for health : SATELLIFE’S experiences in Africa and Asia

SATELLIFE
July 2005

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This report describes the SATELLIFE experience in implementing handheld computer projects to support health-care providers and institutions in a dozen countries in Asia and Africa. It captures SATELLIFE's experience and lessons learned as a 16-year veteran of using ICTs for health and an early adopter of handheld computers in low-resource environments. It also provide some pointers to other organisations that may benefit from their knowledge and experience, to optimize their own use of ICT in general or handhelds in particular

HIV/AIDS : coping with the challenge [whole issue]

January 2005

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Explores the use of ICTs, particularly in HIV/AIDS interventions in South Asia, and provides case studies on how ICTs have been used: for example, an electronic helpline, the SAATHI's experience in HIV/AIDS response in India; and in HIV/AIDS responses by UNDP. Also includes articles that explore the issues of maintreaming HIV/AIDS in Asia, effective communication to women, funding of HIV/AIDS work, and policy on and political commitment to HIV/AIDS work in India

Gender and ICTs for development : a global sourcebook

VALK, Minke
CUMMINGS, Sarah
VAN DAM, Henk
Eds
2005

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This book aims to document and analyse emerging experiences in the field of gender, ICT and develoment, and addresses policy, programmatic and theoretical issues and debates. Case studies explore the use of satellites, mobile telephones, wireless networks and applications such as Internet, email, distance learning, teleworking, digital radio and video. Some conclusions from the case studies are that: ICTs are not gender-neutral, because women seek to use them to break out of systematic discrimmination, and even gender violence; women use ICTs transform low-tech projects into more strategic initiatives that address gender inequities; links to policy and control of communication networks, of both new and conventional media are evident. The editors argue that there is a need to go beyond simply "women and technology" to focus on gender relations in communication and learning

Sustainable ICT

May 2004

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This website was created as part of a DFID-funded research programme on sustainability factors in ICT for development projects. It presents a diverse range of case studies of programmes attempting to use information and commuication technologies as an integrated component of development programming, addressing economic, social and institutional sustainability. A brief description and the key objectives are provided for each, with a link through to each of the actual studies. The website also includes links to the research report, which provides useful analysis

Low cost access and connectivity : local solutions

UN ICT TASK FORCE
2004

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This publication, a UN ICT Task Force Working Group Paper, brings together case studies of local initiatives which highlight innovation in meeting the information and communication needs in developing countries. Seven papers explore connectivity and access issues in different countries. Papers on Benin and Cameroon are in French

The wireless internet opportunity for developing countries

WIRELESS INTERNET INSTITUTE
Ed
November 2003

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The expansion and transfer of information and communication technology is crucial to the economic growth of developing countries. Connectivity through the Internet, in particular, is essential in a global and increasingly expanding knowledge economy, but it is also important for the improvement of national services and government (e-health, e-education, e-government). This book focuses on Internet technologies and opportunities and argues that for resource-constrained countries the deployment of broadband wireless Internet may be the only viable and the most cost/effective option. Chapters address technology, regulatory issues, vendor resources, and country guidelines. The second part of the book contains 12 case studies, covering a broad range of areas, from sustainability to education, remote regions, WISPs, shared access, adaptive technologies, and rebuilding nations, and includes useful lists of key things to remember

Case study : the SATELLIFE PDA Project

March 2003

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The article describes the SATELLIFE Personal Digital Assistant (PDA) Project that explored questions related to the selection and design of appropriate, affordable technology and locally relevant content for use in African healthcare environment. The project was specifically targeted at assessing the usefulness of the PDA for (1) data collection and (2) information dissemination. This report describes a number of valuable lessons leaned from the project that can be applied to further deployment of PDAs in developing countries. A number of obstacles to technology use have also been identified, which will need to be overcome in order to promote the widespread adoption of the technology in this context

The one to watch : radio, new ICTs and interactivity

GIRARD, Bruce
Ed
2003

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This book presents examples of converging radio and new ICTs for development. The radio/telecommunications combination is helping keep communities together despite the distances imposed by migration. The book argues that radio will have even greater significance and value in years to come. It is split into five sections; concepts and context, gateways, networks, communication with migrants and rural radio. It features case studies where methods have been tried and proven

Case study : BusyInternet Accra

BRIDGES.ORG
January 2003

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BI Accra, implemented by BusyInternet International, is an incubator for ICT companies that gives local businesses and the general public affordable and reliable access to ICT. BusyInternet revamped an old two-storey building and created Internet access halls that house 100 flat-screen personal computers and 15 wired offices. The building has a VSAT Internet connection and 1 megabyte of bandwidth -- which costs US$8,000 a month, plus a yearly licence fee to the government of US$2,000 -- a back-up power system, and an internal network. The centre is open 24 hours a day, 7 days a week and gets about 1800 visitors per day. It provides affordable service that makes it sustainable and also offers social services at low or no cost to those visiting the centre for HIV/AIDS and "Internet-for-Beginners" workshops. It's skill building programme on use of ICTs to local people is crucial in enabling people to use ICTs for communication. It is a good case study of private sector enterprise involvement with social and health programmes.

The compliance service uses SMS technology for TB treatment

BRIDGES.ORG
2003

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A comprehensive case study on the use of the Short Message Service (SMS) to alert tuberculosis (TB) patients to take their medication. The initiative has led to a significant increase in the recovery rate of patients and could lead to savings for healthcare authorities

Case study : the Tygerberg Children's Hospital and Rotary Telemedicine Project

2003

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The article describes the Tygerberg Children's Hospital and Rotary Telemedicine Project in South Africa which links specialists from Tygerberg Hospital to doctors at regional community or district hospitals to improve healthcare in rural areas. The initiative has assembled its own telemedicine system using off-the-shelf computer equipment and software that is more affordable than commercial telemedicine systems. It describes the local context, how the system was set up and how it works. It outlines the challenges faced by the project

The digital pulse : the current and future applications of information and communication technologies for developmental health priorities

FEEK, Warren
2003

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Analyses the hopes and realities of using information and communication technologies (ICTs) in health and development programmes. Includes a Top 10 of strategic issues and gaps, and an overview of ICT for development (ICT4D). Sixty case studies document programme experiences of using ICTs in four areas: database and resource centres; social development, education and advocacy; networking and dialogue; and telemedicine and high medical tools. Recommendations include: prioritise local content and the voice of local people; integrate ICTs with other communication technologies and methods; engage with overall ICT trends like internet cafes and mobile phones; pay attention to structural issues like pricing, access and controls; take advantage of the interactive elements of ICTs to create a space for dialogue; evaluate the impact of ICTs on health; acknowledge the improvements to health when there is more equitable access to information and knowledge through the new technologies; incorporate ICTs into ongoing programmes; and support the vital role of intermediaries

Tygerberg Children's Hospital and Rotary Telemedicine Project

2003

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The Tygerberg Children's Hospital and Rotary Telemedicine Project in South Africa uses computers and email to link specialists from Tygerberg Hospital in Cape Town to doctors in more remote community or district hospitals, in an effort to improve health care in rural areas. This article provides an exploration of the project's success

Peru : linking health care providers through telecommunication

MARTINEZ, A
VILLARROEL, V
2003

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The Technical University of Madrid and Engineering Without Frontiers are developing low-cost telecommunication systems and information services for rural primary health care personnel in isolated areas of developing countries. In September 2001, the Enlace Hispano Americano de Salud (EHAS) program was introduced in Alto Amazonas, in the Peruvian rain forest. EHAS has deployed telecommunication systems in 40 establishments in the southern part of the province. This brief article provides details of the project and its results

Harnessing ICTs for community health : the AfriAfya initiative

NYAMAI, Caroline
April 2002

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A number of health NGOs in Kenya, interested individuals and the Ministry of Health came together for a workshop in April 2000 to explore how they might harness ICT for community health, recognising that individually none had adequate solutions. A consortium, later called AfriAfya, was established to explore means of turning good ideas into practical realities. The consortium consisted of seven of the large health NGOs in Kenya - Aga Khan Health Services, Kenya; African Medical and Research Foundation (AMREF); CARE Kenya; Christian Health Association of Kenya (CHAK); SatelLife HealthNet Kenya; PLAN International; and World Vision International, Kenya - along with the Ministry of Health. This report explains the initiative and explores its results, lessons and impacts

Information and communication technologies and small enterprise in Africa : lessons from Botswana

DUNCOMBE, R
HEEKS, R
2001

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The project reported here investigates what role new information and communication technologies (ICTs) may play in small enterprise development in Africa. Drawing on field research in Botswana, the project analyses the information and communication needs of these enterprises and assesses opportunities for ICT application. The authors note that holistic and integrated approaches are necessary for the successful utilisation of ICTs for small businesses in Africa

Youth telephone hotlines in Guatemala and Colombia [whole issue]|Líneas telefónicas de ayuda para jóvenes en Guatemala y Colombia

INTERNATIONAL PLANNED PARENTHOOD FEDERATION. WESTERN HEMISPHERE REGION (IPPF/WHR)
2001

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Youth telephone hotlines were established by the Asociación Pro-Bienestar de la Familia de Guatemala (APROFAM) in Guatemala and the Asociación Pro-Bienestar de la Familia Colombiana (PROFAMILIA) in Colombia as a means of providing an anonymous and free point of first contact for adolescents in need of sexual and reproductive health information. The goal of APROFAM's hotline was to improve adolescents' sexual, reproductive and mental health by offering emergency counselling and referrals. PROFAMILIA's goal was to offer counselling and referrals to those adolescents with questions or problems related to sexual and reproductive health but without direct access to services

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