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Reporting AIDS : an analysis of media environments in southern Africa

PANOS INSTITUTE
2005

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This report shares the combined findings of five studies carried out by the Panos London AIDS Programme with the support of Johns Hopkins University. The studies took place in Namibia, South Africa, Swaziland, Zambia and Zimbabwe: countries that, while having high HIV prevalence in common, provide diverse contexts in terms of their media environment, governance, culture and national response to HIV/AIDS. The studies explore some of the issues and tensions involved in the relationship between the media and HIV/AIDS, aiming to identify how the media could better fulfil a potential role in responding to the epidemic, for example by 'moving beyond awareness-raising' and acting as a channel to encourage individual and social change, providing a forum for debate and holding decision-makers to account

Sharing knowledge for community development and transformation : a handbook|[Sharing knowledge handbook 2]

MCHOMBU, Kingo J
August 2004

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This handbook addresses the information needs of rural communities in Africa and explores the relationship between knowledge and development, and how community information resource centres can contribute to and can spark community development. It provides guidance for establishing community information centres and for ensuring their sustainability. The second edition includes several case studies from Ethiopia, draws out lessons learned, and includes a special section on HIV and AIDS resource centres. Each chapter concludes with suggested discussion questions for community groups

Case study : the SATELLIFE PDA Project

March 2003

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The article describes the SATELLIFE Personal Digital Assistant (PDA) Project that explored questions related to the selection and design of appropriate, affordable technology and locally relevant content for use in African healthcare environment. The project was specifically targeted at assessing the usefulness of the PDA for (1) data collection and (2) information dissemination. This report describes a number of valuable lessons leaned from the project that can be applied to further deployment of PDAs in developing countries. A number of obstacles to technology use have also been identified, which will need to be overcome in order to promote the widespread adoption of the technology in this context

Learning to share learning : an exploration of methods to improve and share learning

CHETLEY, Andrew
VINCENT, Robin
March 2003

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This is a report, commissioned by the UK Commission for Health Improvement (CHI) in March 2003, which provides a literature review looking at the sharing of learning in different sectors. A key aim of CHI’s approach is to encourage NHS organisations to embed learning in their work to help them improve their practice. The report draws on studies in the fields of education, psychology, organisational learning, personal learning, and participatory approaches to explore understanding of good learning practice. It includes more than 15 case studies that illustrate methodologies and approaches used to share learning in the business, public, and voluntary sectors, paying particular attention to the types of processes that encourage engagement with diverse communities of interest or multiple stakeholders

Revisiting the "magic box" : case studies in local appropriation of information and communication technologies (ICTs)

BATCHELOR, Simon
O’FARRELL, Clare
2003

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This book looks at the way communities and groups in developing countries are appropriating information and communication technologies (ICTs) to address their needs. It finds that ICTs are being integrated into wider community-based activities and adapted to fit different contexts. It follows on from the paper "Discovering the Magic Box". It finds that there are still few examples of community-driven and locally appropriated ICT initiatives and an absence of standards or guidelines to evaluate ICT-based projects. The book includes some analytical frameworks and indicators to identify good practice and evidence of impact A significant development has been in the growth of telecommunications, in particular mobile phones, that are relatively cheap and powerful tools for poor communities, even in remote areas. The book concludes that the power of oral communication through telephones and radio cannot be underestimated. The book proposes that the main challenge is to adapt the new, usually computer-based ICTs to the needs of poor, predominantly oral-based communities so that they can be appropriated effectively and quickly

The digital pulse : the current and future applications of information and communication technologies for developmental health priorities

FEEK, Warren
2003

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Analyses the hopes and realities of using information and communication technologies (ICTs) in health and development programmes. Includes a Top 10 of strategic issues and gaps, and an overview of ICT for development (ICT4D). Sixty case studies document programme experiences of using ICTs in four areas: database and resource centres; social development, education and advocacy; networking and dialogue; and telemedicine and high medical tools. Recommendations include: prioritise local content and the voice of local people; integrate ICTs with other communication technologies and methods; engage with overall ICT trends like internet cafes and mobile phones; pay attention to structural issues like pricing, access and controls; take advantage of the interactive elements of ICTs to create a space for dialogue; evaluate the impact of ICTs on health; acknowledge the improvements to health when there is more equitable access to information and knowledge through the new technologies; incorporate ICTs into ongoing programmes; and support the vital role of intermediaries

Research to practice [whole issue]

BEST, Kim
Ed
2003

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Examines the challenges of getting medical and public health research into practice in resource-poor settings. Addresses practice at the policy, organisational and individual levels. Uses brief case studies from the field of reproductive health to illustrate points

Health, HIV/AIDS and ICT : a needs assessment | The digital pulse

DS BATESON CONSULTING
May 2002

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This information for this report was derived from a survey intended to get a sense of what a health-focused audience felt were the issues in relation to the promotion of ICT. The initiative for the survey stemmed from Action Point 7 of the G8's Digital Opportunity Task Force (DOT Force). Surveys were distributed by email and resulted in 37 (of 120) responses, the majority of which came from African organisations. The most important finding was that respondents believed in the necessity of focusing on the information needs of, and the communication channels among, individuals before considering the the supporting technology. Human processes were stressed as more important, and ICTs initiatives should support those processes

Strengthening the knowledge and information systems of the urban poor

SCHILDERMAN, Theo
March 2002

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Presents the findings of a research project that focused on the information needs of the urban poor, and the information sources they access. The study found that the main sources of information were social networks, key informants, and infomediaries. It considers the role of information and communication technologies (ICTs), and impact assessment methods. It ends with suggestions for development agencies seeking to share their knowledge and information with the urban poor

Developing web-empowered communications strategies

WILLARD, Terri
2001

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This online guide emphasises that the web is a key communication medium and looks at ways to transfer communication skills from other media to web communications. The introduction notes how the development of a website can spark analysis of an organisation's broader communication strategy. Audience analysis, understanding organisational communication practices, what components need to be included in a web communications strategy, and the links between internal and external communication are covered. Case studies demonstrate several components of the guide

Information and communication technologies [whole issue]

UNITED NATIONS NON-GOVERNMENTAL LIAISON SERVICE (UN-NGLS)
Ed
December 2000

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Discusses the 'digital divide' between rich and poor countries, and how this affects African NGOs: their internal communications; networking with other organisations; ICT initiatives and their effect on local and institutional processes; priorities and challenges posed by ICTs; possible advantages and disadvantages. Primarily around Internet and electronic communications; also includes one article on the use of video in participatory rural appraisal

Working with the media in conflicts and other emergencies

DEPARTMENT FOR INTERNATIONAL DEVELOPMENT (DFID)
2000

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A guide written primarily for DFID staff, highlighting the benefits, challenges and options when considering funding media/communications interventions. Includes sections on when to support such initiatives; what types of assistance to provide media organisations; how to appraise and monitor media interventions. Also supplies intervention frameworks to assist in identifying relevant interventions; advice on supporting balanced, responsible reporting; case studies; lists of relevant organisations, contacts within DFID, and further reading

The role of international organisations and non-governmental organisations in information support for agricultural policy formulation in Kenya : study report

OWINO, Frederick
June 1999

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Describes the roles of NGOs and international organisations in supporting the production, communication and use of information for agricultural policy formulation in Kenya. Identifies the strengths and weaknesses of the current process, and ends with proposals for the future, to support the links between research and analysis, and among farmers, researchers and decision makers

Understanding farmers' communication networks : an experience in the Philippines

COMMUNICATION FOR DEVELOPMENT GROUP
1995

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This case study addresses the need to improve the exchange of relevant agricultural information between research, extension networks and farmers in five regions of the Philippines. It focuses on developing an approach to map the communication networks which exist in an agricultural system and to identify the main actors which play a role in shaping agricultural and rural development

Getting research into policy and practice (GRIPP)

JOHN SNOW INTERNATIONAL (JSI) UK
POPULATION COUNCIL. Frontiers in Reproductive Health (FRONTIERS) programme
UNIVERSITY OF SOUTHAMPTON KNOWLEDGE PROGRAMMES. Opportunites and Choices. Safe Passages

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This website is a resource for researchers to aid them in changing policy by directly accessing and communicating with policy makers. The website has three components. One is a database of case studies documenting the process of getting research into practice. This gives an opportunity to researchers to share their experiences. The second section (on the left hand side of the website) comprises links to web pages for each component of the GRIPP process, giving examples of factors to consider and directions to resources relating to each step of the process. The third aspect of the website is a list of more general GRIPP related resources and a place where it is hoped that researchers will contribute comments related to both the content and activities of the website

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