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Opportunities to scale up participatory approaches for youth and media

CHETLEY, Andrew
March 2004

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This paper looks at a different way to scale up participatory approaches, in particular a method that involves participatory communication. It considers how communication, participation, networking, diversity and association relate to the issue of scaling up. It gives examples of participatory approaches to communication which have worked when scaled up, along with the key lessons and principles that can be extracted

Double exposure : disability and HIV/AIDS in sub-Saharan Africa

SWEENEY, Jacinta
2004

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This paper argues that the situation regarding disability and HIV/AIDS in sub-Saharan Africa is in need of more attention. People with various disabilities are more exposed to contracting HIV/AIDS: firstly, because they are deprived of their right to HIV/AIDS information; secondly, because disabled women in particular are sexually exploited due to society’s paralleling of disability with worthlessness. Fundamentally, people with disabilities are further exposed to HIV/AIDS because they are socially excluded. The paper uses the social exclusion framework to argue that there is a need to view social exclusion, disability and HIV/AIDS as part of a relationship. It reviews the debate of definitions of disability and presents various scenarios that illustrate the overlap between poverty and disability, the inaccessibility of HIV/AIDS information, education and communication (IEC) and attitudinal discrimination towards disabled people. The response of some key donors, governments and non-governmental organisations to the situation regarding disability and HIV/AIDS is also reviewed. The paper concludes that the social exclusion framework is useful in order to understand the conceptualisation of disability and that this conceptualisation must be adapted to the social model, which removes the onus of disability from the person to society

HIV/AIDS mainstreaming : a definition, some experiences and strategies

ELSEY, Helen
KUTENGULE, Prisca
Eds
January 2003

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This resource pack aims to help decision makers in government ministries strategise their contribution to the response to HIV and AIDS. With a particular slant for governments that work with Sector-Wide Approaches (SWAps), it offers examples and models for integrating a mainstreamed approach to HIV and AIDS across any areas of government or civil society activity. Usefully, it offers a carefully thought-through and well-explained definition for mainstreaming, which helps establish the goals and limits of mainstreamed activities, and positions them in relation to the core functions and responsibilities of a government body

Education : towards inclusion

UNITED NATIONS EDUCATIONAL SCIENTIFIC AND CULTURAL ORGANIZATION (UNESCO)

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This section of the UNESCO's education website hosts definitions of concepts, policies and publications relating to inclusive education. UNESCO has identified certain issues as 'flagship initiatives', to strengthen efforts at addressing the issues through partnerships between UN bodies and other stakeholders. Case studies, support materials for teachers and those promoting inclusive education, and a set of guides to the education of different groups of learners are also available in the online materials section

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