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HIV/AIDS prevention and care in Mozambique : a socio-cultural approach. Literature and institutional assessment and case studies on Manga, Sofala Province and Morrumbala District, Zambézia Province

UNITED NATIONS EDUCATIONAL, SCIENTIFIC AND CULTURAL ORGANISATION (UNESCO)
June 2002

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This study aimed to identify cultural issues relevant to HIV and AIDS prevention and care in Mozambique; assess how organisations account for and use cultural resources in their work; assess how socio-cultural factors shape young people's behaviour relative to their sexual health and HIV and AIDS. It involved a literature review, interviews and questionnaires for NGOs and governmental organisations, and a series of case studies, which are documented in the second part of this report

Children, HIV/AIDS and communication in South Africa : a literature review

FOX Susan
OYOSI Salome
PARKER Warren
May 2002

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This literature review covers key issues relating to children aged 3-12 and HIV/AIDS, including discrimination, grief, children's rights, and knowledge and understanding of HIV/AIDS. The impact on the child, family and community is discussed in detail, particularly in terms of the psycho-social impact of bereavement and how this impacts on the child at different stages in its development. Various community programmes within southern Africa are highlighted, which support children to develop life skills. The influence, role and practice of the media in working with and reaching children is addressed, and case studies of South African media projects such as Soul Buddyz and Takalani Sesame are provided

Structural adjustment and health : a literature review of the debate, its role-players and presented empirical evidence

BREMAN, Anna
SHELTON, Carolyn
June 2001

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[From introduction:] Structural adjustment refers to a set of policy advice given to developing countries by international agencies, mainly the World Bank and the International Monetary Fund (IMF), but also other donor agencies like USAID. The objective of structural adjustment programs (SAPs) has been to enhance economic growth through macroeconomic stability and elimination of market distortions. These policies are controversial for several reasons. Developing countries have had to implement recommended policies in order to receive grants or loans from donor agencies (conditional lending). SAPs have also been criticized for having adverse effects on health outcomes, especially for the poor. [...] This report synthesizes the findings from the literature review and is organized as follows: first, the debate, the role-players, their main arguments and trends in the debate are discussed. The second section summarizes the main arguments in the debate by presenting a framework illustrating the causal arguments for how structural adjustment may affect health outcomes in developing countries. The third section summarizes and analyzes the empirical evidence, and a final section draws conclusions and lessons from the review

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