This Key list highlights essential information resources on the use of information and communication technologies in health service delivery. Disease control and prevention, patient management and health information systems, and diagnosis and treatment are critical components of health care delivery. Appropriate information and communication technologies can dramatically enhance their reach and effectiveness. This Key list presents a selection of success stories in the use of ICT in health care delivery in resource-poor settings. The resources on this list discuss and illustrate the application and benefits of technology to disease surveillance and control, such as the Malaria Early Warning System, which relies on online rainfall monitoring; to patient management and health information systems, with examples of electronic medical record systems, immunisation registry and tracking systems; and to disease diagnosis and treatment, with examples of teleconsultation based on medical images and surgical pre-screening
It is estimated that 540,000 Brazilians have HIV/AIDS, with the highest prevalence among the poor. However, Brazil treatment programmes have been comparatively successful and AIDS mortality rates have decreased significantly. This fact sheet attempts to explain the reasons for the success but also assesses weaknesses and unresolved issues of the Brazilian programme
Outlines the principles and frameworks underlying modern quality improvement in healthcare, including the integration of evidence-based medicine in improving clinical quality. Simplifies QI, recognising that this flexible methodology can be applied through a variety of approaches, along a spectrum of increasing complexity. Four applications of QI are described and illustrated with case examples: individual problem solving, rapid team problem solving, systematic team problem solving, and ongoing process improvement. The final section describes a number of useful tools for QI in developing countries.
This document summarizes SEATS' experience in improving the quality of family planning and reproductive health services in a wide variety of settings. It outlines how SEATS approached "mainstreaming" continuous quality improvement in its subprojects, with special emphasis on making services more responsive to clients' concerns. It shows how the project's approach to improving and measuring the quality of care evolved and suggests how to build on the project's experience. The report includes brief case studies from Albania, Cambodia, Eritrea, Russia, Senegal, Turkey, Zambia and Zimbabwe, and describes how the program improved the quality of care in hospitals, public and private clinics, community-based distribution programs, and private midwifery practices. This report is intended for program managers at the systems level, such as those involved with national, regional, or municipal activities, or in institutions such as NGOs or hospitals
This brief document reports on the broad achievements and constraints faced in the health sector in Uganda. Poverty-reduction funds are being channelled into primary care, and improved management of public funds is helping the situation. However, capacity beyond the Ministry of Health is limited, and decentralization, with unclear policy links in the regions, is a challenge. There is some evidence of success in using funding strategies to reorient services to primary care and prevention
Source e-bulletin on Disability and Inclusion