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Disappearing daughters

KELLY, Annie
June 2008

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This report highlights the decline in the number of girls born and surviving in northern India compared to boys, driven by discrimination against women and the preference for sons over daughters. The problem affects all levels of society with the illegal use of ultrasound technology to detect the gender of unborn children leading to sex-selective abortions, and in poorer communities, where this technology is less available, the neglect and denial of medical care and nutrition of girl children

The cultural approach to HIV/AIDS prevention

SOMMA, Daryl B
KESSLER BODIANG, Claudia
2003

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This paper explores how culture can be used in various forms (theatre, music, dance, traditional medicine, and more) as a means to communicate and encourage behavior change for HIV/AIDS prevention. It highlights theater for development and collaboration with traditional healers as viable alternatives to more conventional communication and behavior change models. It presents several case studies, good practices from the field, and lessons learned. The authors' understanding of a cultural approach to HIV/AIDS prevention means understanding and using a community's cultural references as a framework for the design and implementation of prevention policies and programmes. Programmes that have employed this approach are characterized by their participatory approach that fosters community ownership and in turn, can result in both greater efficacy and sustainability within the community

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