Describes the relationships between health & health research, development, poverty alleviation and global security. Explores the idea of health research governance, and recent initiatives in this area. Reviews progress made in the field of priority-setting methodologies, including the 'combined approach matrix'. Gives overview of research priority areas, summarizes public and private investment in health research. Reviews efforts to build networks and partnerships in some priority areas
The Global hiv Prevention Working Group, convened by the Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation and the Henry J. Kaiser Family Foundation, seeks to generate a greatly expanded commitment to preventing hiv transmission as part of a comprehensive approach to fighting the global epidemic. Both developed and developing countries have demonstrated that existing prevention strategies can have a major impact. This 'blueprint for action' - the first report of the Working Group - provides a road map for rapidly scaling up prevention programs to contain and ultimately reverse the aids epidemic. The report reviews the scientific literature on the effectiveness of hiv prevention interventions, identifies obstacles to quickly expanding prevention programs, and makes specific recommendations to prevent millions of infections this decade
A briefing pack on DFID's policy to international trade as a means of eliminating world poverty. Contains 12 background briefings. These 12 briefings are available as PDF files on the DFID website at www.dfid.gov.uk. Select 'Search this Site', and search for trade matters
In the South, urban environmental and social management is often based on top-down approaches which use technologies and strategies not corresponding to the demands of the inhabitants and to their social, economic and ecological realities. This paper discusses how a community-based approach - Research Action Capacity Building (RAC) - can be valuable for malaria control and more specifically for the dissemination of insecticide treated bednets. Taking a bednet project in NDjamena, capital of Chad, as an example, the article investigates the potential and the limitations of this approach for mobilising and strengthening sustainable activities and capacity building at community level
This toolkit looks at planning documentation and communication, so that lessons from the work of NGOs and Community Based Organisations are captured and shared with others. Includes sections on: introducing communication and documentation; planning, designing and evaluating particular documentation 'products'; and building documentation and communication skills. Also includes a range of useful handouts and workshop session outlines, and 12 'information cards' relating to specific communication 'products' such as newsletters, or radio programmes
From contents page: 'This document is a UNESCO strategy paper which will guide its actions in the areas of HIV/AIDS in the coming years. It is focused on preventative education in the broadest sense, including advocacy at all levels, customizing the message, changing risk behaviour, caring for the infected and the affected, coping with the institutional impact of the epidemic, as well as information sharing and capacity building to achieve these tasks'
This scoping study has attempted to identify and document how various agencies and institutions have approached the assessment of advocacy. It sets out a number of frameworks that look at similar issues from different perspectives and, instead of promoting one framework as the 'correct' one, allows the reader to pick and choose what elements are most useful to them. The work was limited in scale, and focused in particular upon the approaches of NGOs. The insights and ideas from this study will contribute to a three-year action research project to be undertaken by ActionAid and partners in Africa, Asia and Latin America.
This directory features World Bank lending and non-lending programs that target children in the 0-8 age group. It describes Early Childhood Development (ECD) projects and project components and includes economic and sector work and capacity building initiatves. It aims to comprehensively document the World Bank's early years intervention programs and to provide lessons for future ECD projects. ECD programs in Africa are characterised by a high degree of community involvement and civil society participation, including NGOs. Implementation strategies combine key government sectors and programs at central, regional and district levels, and work with non-traditional implementers of World Bank projects such as international and national NGOs and foundations
This book reviews recent experiences in strengthening local institutions, governmental and non-governmental alike, in six countries on five continents. It examines various aspects of the tensions between international initiatives to save lives or to reconstruct the fabric of societies, and the parallel and sometimes competing international commitment to "capacitation" - to building longer term skills locally. The last chapter reviews the case studies and attempts to draw out the learning in terms of conceptual, operational, political and motivational issues
This manual provides "a step by step guide for planning advocacy initiatives, as well as advice for successful implementation. They are intended for country office program managers who wish to include advocacy in their programs. These guidelines will help you to: Learn about advocacy concepts and advocacy vocabulary; Analyze policies that lie at the root of poverty and discrimination; See how advocacy can help you increase your impact; Devise a strategy to achieve your advocacy aims; Acquire essential skills to help you become an effective advocate"
This paper explores ways to improve information capacity building activities in developing countries. Focusing on the capacity building process, it presents some principles and key questions for actors in this area. It concludes with a call for capacity builders to invest more in knowledge sharing as a way to improve the relevance of their efforts
This brief document reports on the broad achievements and constraints faced in the health sector in Uganda. Poverty-reduction funds are being channelled into primary care, and improved management of public funds is helping the situation. However, capacity beyond the Ministry of Health is limited, and decentralization, with unclear policy links in the regions, is a challenge. There is some evidence of success in using funding strategies to reorient services to primary care and prevention
This is a report on the UNV pilot project to support people living with HIV and AIDS. The inclusion of PLWHA in prevention, sensitisation and support activities is vital to the success of programmes and policies. The project aimed to ensure that the expertise of PLWHA contributed to decision-making, to strengthen the strategic planning and management of their organisations, to recognise the role of volunteers in the national response to HIV and AIDS. The report looks at all the phases of the project, from country selection, capacity building, training and monitoring and evaluation. The document also assesses the UN support to GIPA in South Africa
“This user-friendly workbook is a step-by-step guide for administrators and managers of non-governmental organizations conducting programs in developing countries to define and develop their organizational mission statements, identify programmatic priorities and areas of focus, make effective use of resources, maximize opportunities and minimize obstacles, and market themselves to potential funders. The goal of this workbook is to make strategic planning a more accessible and enjoyable undertaking for organizations”
A three-day, six-session curriculum designed as a companion piece to 'Cairo, Beijing, and Beyond: A Handbook on Advocacy for Women Leaders'. This manual uses participatory methodologies and is based on CEDPA's experience in building the skills of NGO leaders to advocate for change in the reproductive health arena. While the background information and role play scenarios deal directly with reproductive health issues, a trainer can adapt the sessions for other contexts
This manual is a tool for trainers to train concerned community members to assist distressed children, and to facilitate their interventions on the level of awareness, knowledge, skills and behaviour in relation to orphans. Its stated objective is to enhance the capacity of adults to listen and talk to orphans and children of terminally ill parents, and to understand their situation and their needs. In this way the community improves its capacity to cope with some of the consequences of AIDS. In the manual there are 16 modules that rely on participatory methods, each with detailed instructions for the facilitator and a handout for participants. The manual was produced by the Humuliza (Community Based Mental Health for Orphans) project team
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