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Building capacity to mainstream HIV/AIDS internally : reflecting on CABUNGO's experience with NGOs in Malawi

CABUNGO
JAMES, Rick
July 2005

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Many community service organisations (CSOs) in Malawi turn a blind eye to the impact of HIV and AIDS in their own organisation. This is partly because, although individual staff are highly aware of HIV and AIDS issues, the internal impact on their own organisation is not very visible yet, and costs are unknown. Most CSOs do not yet fully appreciate the extent of what mainstreaming HIV and AIDS in their organisation means. This brief paper contends that if the programming side of an organisation is going to be effective, it is critical for an organisation to put its own house in order and mainstream HIV and AIDS internally. It presents its case study and describes challenges encountered by 23 participating organisations. Lessons for donors, and for CSOs are elaborated

Evaluation of the UNAIDS/UNITAR AIDS competence programme

ALANDO, Chris
June 2005

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While many successful responses to HIV have begun at a local or community level, poor communication, monitoring and evaluation systems and accountability have meant a lack of resources with which people can share their experiences directly and promptly. The AIDS competence programme seeks to develop community capacity and promote community ownership through facilitation and use of innovative knowledge management assets. This evaluation measures the effectiveness and efficiency of the AIDS Competence Programme’s process and outcomes and makes a number of recommendations to the different interest groups involved

Capacity-building of disabled people's organizations in Mozambique

NCUBE, Jabulani M
May 2005

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This research looks at the relations between disabled people's organisations (DPO) in Mozambique and the Northern NGOs which fund them. It compares the DPOs' definitions of capacity-building and expectations from donors with the actual approaches of Northern NGOs. The research highlights problems but does not make recommendations to improve the situation

Organisational learning in NGOs : creating the motive, means and opportunity

BRITTON, Bruce
March 2005

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This paper explores the importance of organisational learning in NGOs drawing on examples gathered from interviews mainly with Northern NGO staff and from an extensive review of the literature. It examines NGOs' need to provide the motive, means and opportunity for organisational learning, introduces practical examples of how pioneering NGOs are doing this and suggests ways to combine these elements in planned and emergent organisational strategies for learning. The paper concludes that, although much has been written on the conceptual frameworks for organisational learning and knowledge management, learning and knowledge management are understood differently across cultures and contexts and that most current models are based on a Western understanding, presenting concerns about how to translate these theories into practice. There is therefore a need to engage with capacity building practitioners to explore innovative approaches which are relevant, appropriate and accessible across a wide range of cultures and contexts

 

Praxis Paper No. 3

Rising to the challenges : assessing the impacts of organisational capacity building

HAILEY, John
JAMES, Rick
WRIGLEY, Rebecca
February 2005

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This paper “offers a brief overview of current thinking and practice in relation to the impact assessment of organisational capacity building interventions. The paper highlights some of the conceptual, methodological and practical challenges (issues of clarity, power and culture, among others) and then goes on to provide an overview of some of the practical approaches that have been adopted by NGOs and CSOs to overcome these challenges.   A ‘thought piece’ designed to engage practitioners (particularly those from developing and transitional countries) in a fruitful debate, it identifies the key challenges towards which INTRAC could most usefully focus its future efforts. These include the need to improve understanding of the particular characteristics of the impact assessment of organisational capacity building and to generate and document innovative, adaptable and accessible approaches. A final challenge is to consider how to raise the profile of impact assessment for organisational capacity building practitioners, so that it is viewed as a vital tool to assist organisational learning, rather than a time-consuming and costly burden”

Praxis Paper n°2

Tackle malaria today : give tomorrow a chance

MEEK, Sylvia
WHITTY, Christopher
LINES, Jo
et al
2005

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Every year malaria causes up to three million deaths, and if attempts to control the pandemic fail, drug-resistant malaria will spread even further. This report provides key statistics about the disease and makes a case for an effective and internationally coordinated response to the crisis, which should include drugs development, use of insecticide, increased funding, investment in the delivery systems and human resources and the involvement of the private sector

Building grassroots capacity in reproductive health : Burkina Faso case study

LANKOANDE, Fatimata
MCKAIG, Catharine
2005

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This report details the introduction of a reproductive health component to World Neighbors' rural development programmes in Burkina Faso, West Africa. This document describes the setting, the design, unique aspects of the programme, key accomplishments, and lessons learned. Key strategies included community organisation, community-based distribution of contraceptives, training of district health professionals in selected long-term contraceptive methods, strategies for involving influential people, reproductive health days, addressing other factors affecting women's health, and action learning

Building the capacity of local organizations in reproductive health : Nepal case study

GHIMIRE, Jagdish
NAKARMI, Gopal
MCKAIG, Catharine
2005

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This report describes the process World Neighbors used to partner with local non-governmental organisations in developing a reproductive health component in Terai, a rural area in the southeastern plains of Nepal. This document describes the setting, design, and unique aspects of the programme, as well as its key accomplishments and lessons learned. The central strategy of the program model is to support reproductive health (RH) through women's empowerment. A key element is the provision of RH services through local NGO-run clinics and outreach services using female providers. Within this framework run several special initiatives include: working with local NGOs that have little or no RH experience; establishing NGO-run self-reliant, rural clinics; providing outreach services linked with self-help groups; the development of formal savings and credit cooperatives (which, in turn, support the clinics); the supportive approach to monitoring and supervision, and addressing the practical needs of rural women

Prehospital trauma care systems

SASSER, Scott
et al
2005

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This manual provides guidance for policymakers on the issue of prehospital trauma care systems. The main areas covered include the organisation of the prehospital trauma care system, capacity development, data collection, transportation and communication, as well as ethical and legal considerations

NFE-MIS handbook : developing a sub-national non-formal education management information system

CRONNAL, Criana
SAUVAGEOT, Claude
2005

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This manual provides "an easy-to-use methodology for setting up a Non-Formal Education Management Information System (NFE-MIS). This includes a conceptual framework for NFE, prototype data collection tools, and guidelines for the development of NFE indicators as well as for data analysis. The methodology presented in this Handbook uses a practical, step-by-step approach...At the national level, the NFE-MIS aims at providing policy-makers and planners with reliable, relevant and timely data to allow for informed decision making, better planning and delivery of NFE as well as for monitoring and evaluation of the development of NFE"
ED/BAS/LIT/2005/1

Improving access and use of psychotropic medicines : mental health policy and service guidance package

FUNK, Michelle
et al
2005

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This module defines the respective roles of the public, private (for-profit) and NGO (not-for-profit) sectors in the financing and provision of psychotropic medicines. It identifies organizational arrangements in these sectors to meet the objectives of access. The guidance sets an agenda for capacity building and organizational development and provides guidance for prioritizing expenditure and making decisions on resource allocation
Note: This module is part of a guidance package that consists of a series of interrelated user-friendly modules that are designed to address the wide variety of needs and priorities in mental health policy development and service planning. Its recommended for use by policy makers, service planners representatives or associations of families and carers of people with mental disorders

Improving support for black disabled people : lessons from community organisations on making change happen

SINGH, Becca
2005

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“This study reviews the JRF’s Making Change Happen programme, which provided a year’s funding to four grassroots development organisations with a track record in providing support to black disabled people. The report sets out the learning that emerged from the four development projects. It includes: overviews of the four development projects; learning and common themes, with boxed illustrations from the projects; detailed case studies from two of the projects; practical pointers and suggestions for voluntary and community organisations wishing to improve support to black and minority ethnic disabled people; and some questions for funders and service providers to consider”

Briefing note on the collection and dissemination of disability statistics

UNITED NATIONS DEPARTMENT OF ECONOMIC AND SOCIAL AFFAIRS STATISTICS DIVISION, DEMOGRAPHIC AND SOCIAL STATISTICS BRANCH
August 2004

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The first two sections of this briefing note highlight the importance of disability data collection and dissemination, and describe the Fundamental Principles of Official Statistics. The third section contains international recommendations and a framework for the collection, dissemination and measurement of disability data. The final section presents training workshops on the methodology, collection and analysis of data on disability organized by the United Nations Statistics Division to improve national capacity. This resource would be useful for those who work with disability data and statistics

NGO capacity analysis : a toolkit for assessing and building capacities for high quality responses to HIV/AIDS

International HIV/AIDS Alliance
Ed
July 2004

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This toolkit can be used to identify the capacity building needs of NGOs, plan technical support interventions and monitor and evaluate the impact of capacity building. The toolkit is aimed at people and organisations that support NGOs and CBOs responding to HIV/AIDS in developing countries. Including NGO support programmes, training institutions and individual trainers

Lessons learned workshop : a review of assistance programmes for war wounded and other persons with disabilities living in mine-affected countries

HANDICAP INTERNATIONAL
June 2004

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This workshop and report were designed to gather from participants their collective experience to reflect on the impact of the Treaty to Ban Landmines, on victim assistance work and offer some clarity and focus to the international community. This resource would be useful for anyone with an interest in disability, advocacy and conflict situations

African civil society contact directory

KABISSA SPACE FOR CHANGE IN AFRICA
2004

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The aim of the directory is to encourage and strengthen ties between civil society organisations in Africa by providing information on civil society organisations working in Africa. The database can be searched by sector, region in Africa, country of location or keyword. Each entry gives information on the goal or aims of an organisation as well as a link to its website (if there is one) and email contact

World health report 2004 : changing history

WORLD HEALTH ORGANIZATION (WHO)
2004

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This report argues that a comprehensive HIV/AIDS strategy linking prevention, treatment, care and support for people living with the virus could save the lives of millions of people in poor and middle-income countries. At present, almost six million people in developing countries need treatment, but only about 400 000 of them received it in 2003. The World Health Report 2004 argues that a treatment gap of such dimensions is indefensible and that narrowing it is both an ethical obligation and a public health necessity. In September 2003 WHO, UNAIDS and the Global Fund to Fight AIDS, Tuberculosis and Malaria and their partners launched an effort to provide three million people in developing countries with antiretroviral therapy (ART) by end 2005 - the 3 by 5 initiative. This World Health Report shows how a partnership linking international organizations, national governments, the private sector and communities is working simultaneously to expand access to HIV/AIDS treatment, reinforce HIV prevention and strengthen health systems in some of the countries where they are currently weakest

UNESCO's strategy for HIV/AIDS prevention education

UNITED NATIONS EDUCATIONAL, SCIENTIFIC AND CULTURAL ORGANIZATION (UNESCO). International Institute for Educational Planning (IIEP)
2004

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Describes the guiding principles and core tasks which will be the focus of UNESCO's HIV/AIDS prevention education work for 2004-2008 (to be revised as appropriate). Sets out the context for these efforts in terms of the nature and extent of the pandemic, and the role of education in combatting ignorance and stigma

The 10/90 report on health research 2003-2004

GLOBAL FORUM FOR HEALTH RESEARCH
2004

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This report, the fourth since Global Forum for Health Research formed in 1998, covers progress in helping correct the 10/90 gap (that only ten per cent of health research funds are spent on 90 per cent of the world's problems) over the past two years. It focusses on health and health research as sound economic investments; priority setting in health research; progress in measuring the 10/90 gap; research capacity strengthening; information networks in health research; gender; the MDGs and health research; and networks in the priority research areas

Lessons learned workshop : a review of assistance programs for war wounded and other persons with disabilities living in mine-affected countries

HANDICAP INTERNATIONAL
2004

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This review is the result of a workshop in May 2004 which brought together rehabilitation specialists from Africa, Asia, Europe and Central America to review assistance programmes for war wounded and persons who are living in landmine-affected countries. Lessons learned regarding emergency and continuing medical care, physical rehabilitation, psycho-social support, economic integration, capacity-building and sustainability, access to services, data collection, and coordination are presented in some detail, with reference to achieving the aims outlined in the International Campaign to Ban Landmines' Guidelines for the care and rehabilitation of survivors (1999)

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