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PMI communication and social mobilization guidelines

PRESIDENT'S MALARIA INITIATIVE (PMI)
2008

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These guidelines are help in the development, implementation, monitoring and evaluation of programmes to influence behaviours and mobilise communities to create long-term normative shifts towards desired behaviours and to sustain enabling behaviours around the four interventions of the Presidents Malaria Initiative. These are: * Increased demand for malaria services and products; * Acceptance of indoor residual spraying; * Improved adherence to treatment regimens and intermittent preventive treatment in pregnancy during pregnancy; * Regular insecticide-treated nets use by the general population, focusing on vulnerable groups including pregnant women and children under five; * Prompt, appropriate treatment with Artemisinin-based combination therapies for children under five within 24 hours of onset of symptoms; and * Community involvement in malaria control

World malaria report 2005

ROLL BACK MALARIA
WORLD HEALTH ORGANIZATION (WHO)
UNITED NATIONS CHILDREN'S FUND (UNICEF)
2005

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A comprehensive report on the spread of malaria worldwide, including detailed profiles of countries' efforts to control the disease through treatment and prevention

Approaches to treating malaria anaemia

BATES, Imelda
July 2004

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This article forms part of the research conducted by the Malaria Knowledge Programme at the Liverpool School of Tropical Medicine. The article considers the prevalence and causes of anaemia in patients with malaria. It looks at diagnosis, treatment and blood transfusions and the prevention of anaemia through clinical detection and the use of bednets to prevent malaria

The Africa malaria report

WORLD HEALTH ORGANIZATION (WHO)
UNITED NATIONS CHILDREN'S FUND (UNICEF)
2003

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This report takes stock of the malaria situation and of continuing efforts to tackle the disease in Africa

The behavioural and social aspects of malaria and its control : an introduction and annotated bibliography

HEGGENHOUGEN, H Kristian
HACKETHAL, Veronica
VIVEK, Pramila
2003

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This publication highlights the importance of sociocultural factors in malaria control and makes clear that the fight against malaria and other infectious diseases is inseparable from the striving for socioeconomic and political equity. The authors show that human behaviour is related to risk for malaria, and that such behaviour is influenced by a range of cultural and social factors. It provides a valuable social science starting point for the design and evaluation of anti-malaria interventions. It provides a thorough analysis of the perception of malaria as a disease, then looks at the effect of human movement on malaria. A considerable gap remains between 'correct scientific knowledge' and the accepted practices and beliefs about malaria held by different groups of people, and one section discusses the difficulties imposed by the clash between 'northern' and traditional ways of responding to disease episodes, and demonstrates that the 'North' has much to learn from the 'South'. Also covered are attitudes towards the use of insecticide-impregnated bednets, gender issues such as the invisible role of women in determining the health-related practices of a household, and the manner in which people interact with each other, identify needs, and make decisions. Finally there is an extensive annotated bibliography of the social science literature on malaria

How will the reduction of tariffs and taxes on insecticide-treated bednets affect household purchases?

SIMON, Jonathon L
et al
November 2002

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Presents an approach for analysing the extent to which reforms of tariff and tax policy can be expected to increase ITN purchases. Considers the effect on retail prices if tariffs and taxes are eliminated; and the degree to which consumer demand reponds to changes in the retail price of ITNs. Concludes that the impact will be country-specific, and that information about market structure and cost conditions in each country is needed for accurate predictions

Reducing malaria's impact on child health, development and survival

WORLD HEALTH ORGANIZATION (WHO). Roll Back Malaria
2002

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A concise publication on reducing the incidence of malaria among children. It provides some useful background facts on childhood mortality and other consequences such as low birth weight, anaemia, epilepsy, and learning difficulties. It then describes the tools to 'roll back malaria': insecticide-treated bednets, intermittent preventative treatment, antimalarial drug combination therapy, improving access to treatment, and strengthening health infrastructure

Lessons from malaria control activities in urban West Africa using a research-action-capacity building approach

FELBER, G
OTHINGUE, N
YEMADJI, N
et al
February 2001

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In the South, urban environmental and social management is often based on top-down approaches which use technologies and strategies not corresponding to the demands of the inhabitants and to their social, economic and ecological realities. This paper discusses how a community-based approach - Research Action Capacity Building (RAC) - can be valuable for malaria control and more specifically for the dissemination of insecticide treated bednets. Taking a bednet project in NDjamena, capital of Chad, as an example, the article investigates the potential and the limitations of this approach for mobilising and strengthening sustainable activities and capacity building at community level

Lives at risk : malaria and pregnancy

MALARIA AND PREGNANCY NETWORK (MPNet)
2001

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This brochure was developed to promote awareness of the impact of malaria on pregnant women and its potential impact on their newborns, and to influence reproductive health professionals, programme managers and policy makers to consider the implementation of interventions to reduce malaria impact. It has been designed to inform and advocate for recognition of the effects of malaria in pregnancy and strategies for mitigating those effects

Maintenance and sustained use of insecticide-treated bednets and curtains three years after a controlled trial in western Kenya

KACHUR, S Patrick
et al
November 1999

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While few questions remain about the efficacy of insecticide-treated materials (ITM) intervention, operational issues around how to implement and sustain ITM projects need attention. This article describes a study of the results of a small-scale ITM intervention trial, 3 years after the project ended, to assess how local attitudes and practices had changed

Rebound mortality and the cost-effectiveness of malaria control : potential impact of increased mortality in late childhood following the introduction of insecticide treated nets

COLEMAN, PP G
GOODMAN, C A
MILLS, A
March 1999

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Describes a scientific study that investigates the suggestion that long-term use of insecticide-treated nets (ITNs) in areas of high malaria transmission could lead to mortality rebound in later childhood, which would reduce the cost-effectiveness of the intervention, and at the extreme could lead to negative overall effects

Malaria control with insectide treated nets : PATH Canada'a directory of suppliers of insecticides and mosquito nets for sub-Saharan Africa

REED, Catherine
REPPEN, Brijitte
LUSSIER, Daniel
June 1998

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This directory aimed at managers of malaria control programmes lists suppliers of essential materials - mosquito nets, bulk netting and insecticides - required for effective net treatment interventions. An introductory section provides practical information on the preparation and use of treated mosquito nets. The directory is available on PATH Canada's website

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