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Utz´ Wach´il : health and well being among indigenous peoples

BRISTOW, Fiona
Ed
2003

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In this document indigenous people from different parts of the world describe their beliefs and attitudes to health and well being and what they do when they have problems with their health. It aims to provide further evidence of the health challenges facing indigenous peoples so that policy makers and service providers can work more effectively with them to improve their health and well being

HIV/AIDS stigma and discrimination : an anthropological approach. Proceedings of the round table

UNESCO. Division of Cultural Policies and Intercultural Dialogue
2003

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As part of UNESCO's work on culture and HIV/AIDS, this round table on stigma and discrimination in 2002 highlights the way stigma is rooted in and reflects existing social inequalities, and points to a need for close examination of the 'local dynamics of discrimination and solidarity' in any setting. Notes how key 'cultural resources' to fight against discrimination have often been devised principally by people infected or affected by the disease. Many institutions, on the other hand, may gain political advantage through encouraging discrimination. At the same time, constraints of poverty can encourage reactions of denial and avoidance for those facing the prospect of death of loved ones

Disentangling HIV and AIDS stigma in Ethiopia, Tanzania and Zambia

NYBLADE, Laura
et al
2003

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This report explores the causes, manifestations and consequences of HIV and AIDS related stigma in sub-Saharan Africa. Based on a study in Ethiopia, Tanzania and Zambia, it acknowledges stigma as complex, caused by incomplete knowledge, fears of death and disease and sexual transmission. Stigma is also influenced by socio-economic status, age and gender. The report also discusses in detail how people living with HIV react to stigma, and also how they and their families/ friends develop strategies to cope with stigma. Recommendations include the need to provide safe spaces to discuss the values and beliefs about sex, morality and death, find a common language to talk about stigma and ensure a contextually appropriate and ethically responsible role for people living with HIV

Disability rights : an American invention, a global challenge

QUINN, Gerard
2003

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This speech summarises the major aspects of the draft UN convention for the rights of disabled people. After exploring the developments of the convention, Quinn looks at the next steps needed. In his view it will not be sufficient to stop at this convention - the process of improving inclusion and equal rights for disabled people must be continued

The sound of silence : difficulties in communicating on HIV/AIDS in schools

BOLER, Tania
et al
2003

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This report describes the difficulties in communicating on HIV/AIDS in schools. It includes experiences from India and Kenya, and reports the findings of a survey carried out by ActionAid researchers in both countries in 2002. The research examines parental demand for HIV/AIDS education. It then explroes teh role that schools have in meeting this demand and other sources that young people might use to learn about HIV and AIDS. The final section places HIV/AIDS communication in the wider context of a crisis in education in resource-poor settings, and highlights some of the barriers or silences in communication around HIV/AIDS. Among its conclusions is the suggestion that HIV/AIDS education be placed in the context of the community

Assisting disabled persons in finding employment : a practical guide. Asian and Pacific Edition

HERON, Robert
MURRAY, Barbara
2003

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This book gives practical advice on helping disabled people to find employment. It covers barriers that disabled people have in finding work and the role of the placement officer. It outlines the four steps in the job search (interviewing the job seeker, recording information, identifying suitable jobs, and matching the jobseeker and job), and cooperating with employers

Caring for children and adolescents with mental disorders : setting WHO directions

WORLD HEALTH ORGANISATION (WHO)
2003

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This report presents updated information useful for the formulation of a child and adolescent mental health care plan. The plan is based on the magnitude of the burden of child and adolescent mental disorders; advances made in treatment and diagnosis; barriers to treatment; and trends in care for children and adolescents with mental disorders

Adolescents and youth with disabilities : issues and challenges

GROCE, Nora Ellen
2003

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"Of all people with disabilities, particularly in the developing world, the people about whom we know least are adolescents and young adults... Although research may be lacking, extrapolation from data that is available on youth in general and disability in general may provide a starting point for assessing and addressing the urgent needs and untapped potentials of young people with disabilities. This may be possible because the needs of young people who are disabled are strikingly similar to those of their peers who are nondisabled. Everyone, after all, shares a need for education, job training, and employment as well as a successful transition from childhood to adulthood through participation in social, cultural, religious, and economic affairs"

Women inspiring women - a peer group in Sri Lanka improves the lives of people with disabilities | Moving forward : toward decent work for people with disabilities|Examples of good practices in vocational training and employment from Asia and the Pacific

PERRY, Debra A
Ed
2003

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This paper is about a Sri Lankan disabled women's organisation, founded by a disabled woman, to empower women through a support network that allows them to exercise their rights and gain access to services, skills training and self-employment. In Sri Lanka, women with disabilities have few opportunities for economic independence and most are confined to their homes, protected by their families from a society that stigmatises them, particularly in rural areas

A handbook for training of disabled on rural enterprise development

HANKO, Johanne
POLMAN, Wim
2003

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This handbook is designed as a guide to empower people with disabilities on rural enterprise development. It is based upon lessons learned from two FAO projects: 'Mushroom production training for disabled people in northeast Thailand' and 'Poverty alleviation throuh market generated rural employment' (better known as 'Success Case Replication (SCR)'). The handbook provides practical methodology, references, check-lists and various training resources for centres, village development workers and self-employment. It would be useful for people and organisations interested in the training of disabled people on rural enterprise development

Counseling and communicating with men

ENGENDERHEALTH
2003

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Focuses on strengthening service providers' ability to interact with, communicate with, and counsel men (with or without their partners) on reproductive health issues. Topics include counseling and communication approaches, provider biases toward and against men that may need to be addressed, and effective communication and counselling techniques. The participant's handbook is intended for use by health care staff who participate in a training workshop, and can be used both during the course and as reference material after the course is over. The trainer's resource book is intended for use by skilled, experienced trainers, and provides guidance, suggestions, and training activities to be used to teach the content of the training course

One step further : responses to HIV/AIDS

SISASK, Anne
Ed
December 2002

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This volume, a collaboration of Swedish SIDA and the United Nations Research Institute for Social Development (UNRISD), presents research on the social and developmental aspects of HIV and AIDS prevention and treatment. The papers highlight treatment and prevention, epidemiological analysis, stigma and discrimination, human rights, the role of the private sector, and community responses and innovative approaches to open discussion of sexuality and risk behaviour

Coming together, caring together : a report on the Communities Responding to the HIV/AIDS Epidemic (CORE) Initiative, January 2001-June 2002

July 2002

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The CORE Initiative provides technical and financial assistance to community- and faith-based organisations working to increase advocacy, reduce stigma and discrimination, and improve care and support programs in developing countries. Support is provided through conferences, demonstration projects, empowerment grants, and an online resource center (www.coreinitiative.org). This report reviews some of the major activities completed and lessons learned during the first 18 months of the initiative

Delivering HIV treatment to the poor : report from an email discussion

July 2002

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Issue 2 of id21's Insights Health was entitled 'Delivering the goods - HIV treatment for the poor'. It presented new research from key contributors on anti-retroviral (ARV) drug delivery in developing countries. After it was published, a wide range of stakeholders participated in an email discussion. Participants were based in many different countries and included international and national policy-makers, health professionals, representatives of non-governmental and community based organizations and researchers. This is a summary of the email discussion looking at best strategies for HIV treatment delivery in developing countries, which barriers prevent poor people from accessing care, and the role of the international development community. The debate covered a broad range of topics but particularly focused on HIV treatment as a priority relative to other health and development issues, strategies for delivering treatment in resource-poor settings, the role and operation of the new Global Fund to Fight AIDS, TB and malaria and stigma as a barrier to access

Dying for change : poor people's experience of health and ill-health

DODD, Rebecca
MUNCK, Lise
2002

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Drawing on the accounts from the World banks ‘Voices of the Poor’ this booklet looks at the intimate link between health and poverty and the need for health to be central to attempts at poverty reduction. Three key lessons are: [1] People view and value their health in a holistic sense, as a balance of physical, psychological and community well-being, consistent with the WHO view of health as ‘a state of complete physical, mental and social well-being, not merely the absence of disease or infirmity. [2] People overwhelmingly link disease and ill-health to poverty, while poverty is also seen in terms of instability, worry, shame, sickness, humiliation and powerless-ness. [3] Health is valued not only in its own right, but because it is crucial to economic survival. Other lessons include: the fact that ‘poor people’ are not homogenous and in particular women and men, and the young and old, experience poverty and ill-health quite differently. Gender differences include the fact that men access and are seen as more entitled to formal health care, while women more often draw on traditional and alternative health services or defer their own treatment. Attitudes of health staff often appalling. Humiliating treatment by health personnel who treat people as ‘worse than dogs’ was a common experience and barrier to getting treatment. Access to health facilities, rarely built in poor areas, and often too costly to access are a problem. WHO concludes that "there can be no real progress on poverty reduction, or improvement in health outcomes, unless economic and social inequities are tackled"

Positive women : voices and choices. Zimbabwe report

FELDMAN, Rayah
MANCHESTER, Jo
MAPOSHERE, Caroline
2002

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This report is from a project led by HIV positive women, to explore the impact of HIV on their sexual behaviour, well-being, and reproductive rights, and to promote improvements in policy and practice. The report demonstrates that HIV positive women continue to have sexual feelings and enjoy sexual relationships after HIV diagnosis. Some had a strong desire to become mothers when they did not already have children at the time of diagnosis. The study also showed that most women had little or no knowledge of HIV transmission or risk before diagnosis. Most did not recieve adequate pre-test counselling and had encountered stigma from health care workers. A major achievement of the project was that the research process empowered the team leaders who carried out the project. All were women living with HIV and were elected from HIV support groups in Zimbabwe

Human rights of persons with intellectual disability : country report Czech Republic

SISKA, Jan
January 2002

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This country report is one of the main outcomes of an Inclusion Europe project which was conducted in partnership with 8 local organisations of people with intellectual disability. Each chapter in the report describes the legislation, government policy, statistical info, views of NGOs and reactions of persons with intellectual disability and their parents on the subjects. The report also looks at the situation surrounding : awareness of the general public, employment, treatment and residential institutions

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