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AIDS discrimination in Asia

ASIA PACIFIC NETWORK OF PEOPLE LIVING WITH HIV/AIDS (APN+)
2004

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Study of the discrimination faced by people living with HIV/AIDS. The study generated both qualitative and quantitative data. Its findings indicate that AIDS-related discrimination is prevalent in every sector of society. Age and educational background do not affect the level of discrimination faced, but sex, state of health and marital status do. Women are more likely than men to experience discrimination within the family and community because of their HIV status

Promoting young people's sexual and reproductive health : stigma, discrimination and human rights

WOOD, Kate
AGGLETON, Peter
2004

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Stigma, discrimination and the violation of human rights impact on people's experiences of sexual relationships, and on practitioners' and policy-makers' ability to promote young people sexual health. This resource sets out how stigma and discrimination influence sexual health, identifies some principles of good practice, and introduces examples of innovative and effective practice with young people from Africa, Asia, Central and Latin America

Techniques and practices for local responses to HIV/AIDS

WEGELIN-SHURINGA, Madaleen
TIENDREBEOGO, Geoge
2004

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This book aims to strengthen the capacity of different actors to address HIV/AIDS at local level. Experiences worldwide contributed to a selection of techniques and practices for the toolkit. It aims to help facilitators to support audiences to analyse their own situation in order to establish needs and priorities for their planning. Part one contains 20 techniques for application in different stages of the planning cycle. The purpose and use of each technique is described, as well as practical guidelines on how to proceed. Part two contains 50 practices used to address one or more specific problems. The practices are grouped according to four categories: prevention, care and treatment, support and mitigation, and partnership and coordination

Reducing stigma related to HIV and AIDS : training for health care workers

ENGENDERHEALTH
2004

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This manual suggests that the stigma and discrimination around HIV & AIDS in health facilities has various causes including a lack of knowledge and understanding among staff about the modes and risk of HIV transmission and judgemental attitudes and assumptions about the way of life of people with HIV. It uses participatory training methodologies to modify health care workers' attitudes while giving them practical knowledge and tools to assure client rights and meet their own needs for a safe working environment. It suggests a 2-day training schedule to cover the 16 sessions offered

Youth at risk : the role of skills development in facilitating the transition to work

BREWER, Laura
2004

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This paper explores the issue the issue of skills development for youth-at-risk, including the economically vulnerable and the socially excluded. Good examples of training programmes and projects are provided, and innovative approaches are highlighted. This resource would be useful to people interested in youth-at-risk and the role of skill development in facilitating their transition to work

Reducing stigma and discrimination related to HIV and AIDS : training for health care workers. Trainer's manual

ENGENDERHEALTH
Ed
2004

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This manual is aimed at reducing stigma and discrimination in health care settings. Health workers' fears are based on real risks of medical transmission, due to lack of information and training and poor precaution practices. This manual uses participatory training methodologies to change health care workers' attitudes and provide practical information around patient rights and safe work environment. It covers a broad range of topics, including: stigma and discrimination, right to privacy and confidentiality, HIV transmission, standard precaution practices, post-exposure prophylaxis, and HIV testing

Working with men, reponding to AIDS : gender sexuality and HIV. A case study collection

INTERNATIONAL HIV/AIDS ALLIANCE
November 2003

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This case study collection aims to help projects working with men in order to have an impact on the HIV epidemic. It presents experiences and lessons from a range of different projects that involve men, gender identity, sexuality or related issues, offering inspiration, ideas and models for working with different kinds of men in a deliberately broad range of contexts

UK opinion leaders : understanding their views about sexual and reproductive health rights in developing countries

EKONG, Julia
PORKSEN, Julie
THOMAS, Diana
November 2003

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Report of research into the views of opinion leaders in the UK about sexual and reproductive health in developing countries. The results of the research show that there is a clear opportunity for those working in the sexual and reproductive health sector and broader development arena to engage and involve UK opinion leaders with developing world issues

Understanding and challenging HIV stigma : toolkit for action

KIDD, Ross
CLAY, Sue
September 2003

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This toolkit was designed for NGOs, community groups and HIV educators to raise awareness and promote actions to challenge HIV stigma and discrimination. Based on research in Ethiopia, Tanzania and Zambia, the toolkit contains more than 125 exercises. In addition to these exercises there is a supplementary volume of further activities to support the toolkit. The toolkit is developed to support participatory learning and encourages participants to move from awareness to action. Organisations are encouraged to pick modules and exercises that fit their needs or to integrate exercises into an existing training programme

Orphans and vulnerable children in India : understanding the context and the response

GOLDMAN, Judith
ANASTASI, Marie-Christine
June 2003

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A report from a meeting for exchange and learning between organisations working with orphans and vulnerable children in India, looking community responses to working with this group. The experience of Plan International, Palmyrah Workers Development Society and the International HIV/AIDS Alliance was presented to the meeting. Specific responses to working with orphans and vulnerable children discussed in the report include lessons from a child participatory approach, prevention of mother-to-child transmission and the development of community action

Canadian youth, sexual health and HIV/AIDS study

COUNCIL OF MINISTERS OF EDUCATION, CANADA (CMEC)
2003

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This survey was undertaken to increase the understanding of the factors that contribute to the sexual health of Canadian youth. It was done by exploring the socio-cultural, socio-environmental and interpersonal determinants of adolescent sexual behaviour. A section of the survey (pp 111-114) looks specifically at disability and sexual activity

Building blocks : Africa-wide briefing notes. Resources for communities working with orphans and vulnerable children

INTERNATIONAL HIV/AIDS ALLIANCE
January 2003

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A set of eight booklets designed to support programme design and practice at the community level around children made vulnerable or orphaned by HIV or AIDS in Africa. The resources are all locally adaptable and are based on the experience of Alliance, its partners and other organisations. The booklets are called "Overview"; "Psychosocial support"; "Health and nutrition"; "Economic strengthening"; "Education"; "Social inclusion"; "Older Carers"; and "Young children and HIV"

Comprehensive counseling for reproductive health : an integrated curriculum. Trainers' manual

ENGENDERHEALTH
2003

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Developed by EngenderHealth, this curriculum is designed to prepare all levels of sexual and reproductive health (SRH) providers to use communication and counseling skills to assess and address clients' comprehensive SRH needs. It introduces the concept of integrated SRH counseling - a two-way interaction between a client and a provider to assess and address the client's overall SRH needs, regardless of what health service he or she is working within or what services the client has requested. The curriculum trains providers to focus on the client as a whole person and to consider factors both inside and outside the clinic that influence a client's SRH decision-making. The trainer's manual consists of an introduction to trainers, a detailed curriculum with session guides and a series of appendicies containing additional materials

Comprehensive counseling for reproductive health : an integrated curriculum. Participant's handbook

ENGENDERHEALTH
2003

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Developed by EngenderHealth, this curriculum is designed to prepare all levels of sexual and reproductive health (SRH) providers to use communication and counseling skills to assess and address clients' comprehensive SRH needs. It introduces the concept of integrated SRH counseling - a two-way interaction between a client and a provider to assess and address the client's overall SRH needs, regardless of what health service he or she is working within or what services the client has requested. The curriculum trains providers to focus on the client as a whole person and to consider factors both inside and outside the clinic that influence a client's SRH decision-making. The participant's handbook provides information on the principles and approaches of client-centred communications related to SRH and further details the role of providers in creating a good climate for communication, assisting clients in making good decisions and helping clients follow through on their decisions. The handbook also includes relevant worksheets

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