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Sexual health for people with intellectual disability

EASTGATE, Gillian
2008

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This article explores how people with intellectual disability often experience difficulties meeting their sexual needs and desires due to poor education and social isolation. However, the article highlights that people with intellectual disability are capable of safe, constructive sexual expression and healthy relationships with appropriate education and good social support. It emphasises that providing this support is an essential part of supporting people with intellectual disability
Salud Publica Mex, 50 suppl 2

[Disability and employment]

UNITED NATIONS ENABLE
November 2007

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This resource contains three factsheets: Factsheet one: "Employment of persons with disabilities", highlights issues related to people with disabilities and their status, right and capacity for employment. Different national and multinational firms around the world provide information about employment for people in their institutions Factsheet two: "Employing persons with disabilities: fears and realities", highlights issues relating to the misperceptions associated with the employment of people with disabilities, providing both the reasons commonly given for not employing persons with disabilities and the benefits to companies that have employed people with disabilities. Factsheet three: "Why hire persons with disabilities?", highlights reasons to hire persons with disabilities, including income, social participation and improving the understanding of disability. The factsheets would be useful for anyone seeking information about employment and disability

HIV and AIDS knowledge, attitude, practices and accessibility study

HANDICAP INTERNATIONAL (HI)
August 2007

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This report concerns HIV and AIDS preventative activities targeting people with disabilities in Kenya. Specifically, the report gathers information concerning the knowledge, attitude and practices among people with disabilities; and qualitative and quantitative data including 618 questionnaires conducted in Nairobi and Mobassa. The report findings advise on the development of policy on HIV and AIDS for people with disabilities in Kenya

How does HIV/AIDS affect the elderly in developing countries?

POPULATION REFERENCE BUREAU (PRB)
August 2007

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This edition highlights recent research studies that explore the impact of HIV/AIDS on the elderly in developing countries. It considers various issues including; caring for families, the economic impact, the health consequences, attitudes, and support for the elderly

Speaking up : Muslim views on HIV & AIDS

CHARNLEY, Simone
2007

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This publication presents the findings of research which covered over 3,500 respondents from Muslim communities across Thailand, Cambodia, Bangladesh and India (West Bengal). It is divided into 3 parts: the first part details the demographics of the study population and methodology of the research. The second part provides detailed information on the content and results of the research survey: highlighting the widespread prevalence of misconceptions about HIV transmission, and the poor understanding of key risk behaviours amongst Muslim communities; the views and opinions of Muslim communities about HIV & AIDS and the prevailing stigma and discrimination associated with HIV & AIDS and people living with HIV & AIDS; and various attitudes towards Islam and condom use, and notions of gendered responsibilities in preventing HIV & AIDS. The third part summarises the overall key findings, along with important findings in each surveyed country, and provides recommendations for future interventions based on this

Vaccine anxieties : global science, child health and society

LEACH, Melissa
2007

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"This book explores how parents understand and engage with childhood vaccination in contrasting global contexts. This rapidly advancing and universal technology has sparked dramatic controversy, whether over MMR in the UK or oral polio vaccines in Nigeria. Combining a fresh anthropological perspective with detailed field research, the book examines anxieties emerging as highly globalized vaccine technologies and technocracies encounter the deeply intimate personal and social worlds of parenting and childcare, and how these are part of transforming science-society relations"

Qualitative survey on disability and living standards in Georgia

INSTITUTE FOR POLICY STUDIES (IPS)
PA CONSULTING GROUP
2007

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This report presents the disability situation in Georgia as of September 2006. The qualitative research identifies the most significant issues, challenges and barriers faced by members of the disabled population in order to contribute to a better understanding of the relationship between disability and poverty in a given country and globally, and provides recommendations aimed at designing/improving policies regarding employment, education, health care, and social protection

Impact of socio-economic rehabilitation on leprosy stigma in Northern Nigeria : findings of a retrospective study

EBENSO, Bassey
et al
2007

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"This study explored the perceptions of people affected by leprosy regarding impact of socio-economic rehabilitation (SER) on stigma-reduction. The study combined a quantitative questionnaire (the P-scale) with semi-structured interviews of 20 individual SER participants, five focus group discussions and 10 key informant interviews…The authors speculate that through the pathway of improvements in economic and living conditions, SER is beginning to influence the process of social interaction, resulting in postive attitudinal change towards SER participants. The subjective opinions of interviewees suggest that improved self-esteem, positive family and community support for SER participants and increasing participation in community activities are indications of stigma-reduction"
Asia Pacific Disability Rehabilitation Journal, Vol 18, No 2

Time to talk : a guide to family life in the age of AIDS

TENGATENGA, James
BAYLEY, Anne
December 2006

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A handbook to enable church members and communities to discuss family life and sex in the context of the global AIDS epidemic. It contains role plays, games, quizzes, discussions, Bible studies and other participatory exercises. The contents are designed to help men and women examine the attitudes, beliefs and behaviours that can spread HIV and, if necessary, make changes in their own lives and communities

Community action and the test of time : learning from community experiences and perceptions|Case studies of mobilization and capacity building to benefit vulnerable children in Malawi and Zambia

DONAHUE, Jill
MWEWA, Louis
December 2006

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This case study review seeks to identify lessons learned from community experiences and perceptions of community mobilisations initiatives in Malawi and Zambia, particularly the sense of ownership generated and where that has been able to sustain activities to benefit especially vulnerable children. It would be of interest policy makers and programme designers

Identity crisis

BERESFORD, Peter
November 2006

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This article grapples with the attitudes and issues prioritised within the disability movement. It would be useful for anyone with an interest in disability and development issues

Adolescence in Pakistan : sex, marriage and reproductive health. The findings of research carried out into awareness of sexual and reproductive health and rights in Pakistan

HAMDANI, Insha
LEE-JONES, Louise
SADLER, Alan
February 2006

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Report of research into awareness of sexual and reproductive health and rights in Pakistan. The results of the research show that respondents had little SRH information to help them through the changes of adolescence, and cultural barriers exacerbate the problem. Girls were more likely to experience social restrictions and their options were limited, reflecting traditional cultural values. As a result of their participation in the research, however, many agreed that more information about menstruation could be beneficial to them

Attitudes of speech-language pathology students towards persons with disability

DHINGRA, Yatika
BHATNAGAR, Veethika
2006

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[Author's abstract] : Negative attitudes of health care professionals towards persons with disability are considered to be an invisible barrier towards rehabilitation and integration. In contrast, positive attitudes are a key to successful rehabilitation and integration. The attitudes of the professionals are influenced by education, knowledge about disabilities, years of experience working with individuals with disability, and the level and nature of staff training. The purpose of the study was to measure the attitudes of speech language pathology students towards persons with disability and to measure the favorable change, if any, in the attitude of these students towards persons with disability in the course of professional education. A sample of fifty-nine undergraduate and twenty postgraduate students was investigated using a Scale of Attitude Towards Disabled Persons (SADP). It was found that speech-language pathology students displayed a positive attitude towards persons with disability. The attitudes were formed by the time of entry into the educational programme and did not change significantly according to the academic years

An annotated bibliography on leprosy

CALCRAFT, JH
2006

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[Author's abstract] : This annotated bibliography, based on a review of the available literature, is divided into two parts. First, a commentary on the key issues raised in the literature reviewed, with a specific focus on the psycho-social-economic issues. The commentary begins with the general literature, before moving to a discussion of leprosy issues in Asia, and finishing with a commentary on a selection of relevant papers from other areas of the world. The contributions gathered under each heading are arranged chronologically

Gendered experiences : marriage and the stigma of leprosy

TRY, Leonie
2006

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Stigma is rife in health and health care and it has implicit impacts which are often overlooked. Due to the continued social construction of the stigma of leprosy, it is clear that a greater understanding is needed of how stigma is experienced. This study considers the experiences of marriage of those who are vulnerable to stigmatisation due to leprosy and more specifically identifies different experiences of leprosy-affected women and men and the possible implications

The effects of the stigma of leprosy on the income generation of leprosy affected people in the Terai area of South East Nepal

CALCRAFT, JH
2006

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[Author's abstract] This study explores the effect of stigma on the income generation of people affected by leprosy in the southeast Terai area of Nepal. Semi-structured interviews were conducted to explore experiences of stigma and the effect on income generation. Results showed a negative effect on income generation - with employment being lost as a direct result of stigma in several cases. The negative physical effects of the disease were for many the main reason for lost income, or employment

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