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Challenges to principled humanitarian action: Perspectives from four countries.

NORWEGIAN REFUGEE COUNCIL
Handicap International
July 2016

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The purpose of this paper is to contribute to an increased understanding of the perceived and actual challenges humanitarians face in operational contexts as they apply the principles of humanity, impartiality, neutrality and independence. A snapshot is provided of four case studies; Colombia, Nepal, northern Syria and South Sudan. Through a combination of field research, headquarters interviews, desk research, and a webinar, views and observations are presented from the humanitarian community. These observations provide a glimpse into the challenges faced by principled humanitarians. As a result the paper puts forward seven recommendations intended to assist humanitarians and states to sharpen tools and strengthen approaches when implementing principled humanitarian protection and assistance. An addendum to this study provides perspectives from selected members of the donor community. This research was conducted through interviews with state representatives in Geneva, aiming to understand how donors perceive their responsibilities in upholding the humanitarian principles and the Good Humanitarian Donorship Principles. This final chapter highlights challenges faced by states while supporting principled humanitarian action, particularly in conflict zones. On the basis of this research, additional recommendations for both states and humanitarians are proposed to strengthen the adherence to the humanitarian principles

Guidance on an integrated approach to victim assistance: By states for states

CONVENTIONS ON CLUSTER MUNITIONS COORDINATORS
2016

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Realizing the rights, and addressing the needs of victims of cluster munitions, landmines, and other explosive remnants of war (ERW), requires a long-term commitment that should continue well after clearance work has been completed.

This Guidance was developed in a participatory manner through tailored questionnaires, a workshop, and an online platform with contributions from a total of 30 states, as well as from representatives of survivors’ organisations and a range of international and civil society organisations. With assistance from Handicap International, from the feedback received, the Convention on Cluster Munitions Coordinators selected a range of good practices and national examples of effective implementation. These have been identified at three levels: legislation, policies and plans; ensuring equitable and equal access to services and resources; and measuring progress.

In recognition of the fact that affected States and donor States face different challenges in implementing an integrated approach, the Guidance is divided into two parts – the first part addresses the practices of affected States, and the second those of donor States. Each part is further divided into two main sub-sections dealing with the dual imperatives of an integrated approach: ensuring that specific victim assistance efforts act as a catalyst for inclusion; and ensuring that broader efforts contribute to the realization of victim assistance obligations. Each sub-section highlights relevant provisions, challenges, good practices, and national examples for each of the three levels

Evidence-based decision-making for funding allocations

DE GEOFFREY, Veronique
LEON, Valerie
BUERET,Alan
September 2015

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This is a study analyses a number of donors to explore how evidence-based information impacts decision making. The study aims to: (i) describe the current practices of a selection of donors in making decisions about resource allocation; (ii) identify the key factors that determine whether or not evidence is used; (iii) identify areas for further discussion among Good Humanitarian Donorship donors that could help strengthen evidence-based decision making. After analysing these three things, the study makes 11 recommendations for further discussion amongst donors 

Being counted : funding for people with disabilities

SAMARASAN, Diana
July 2015

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This blog post  by Diana Samarasan, executive Director of the disability Rights Find and the Disability Rights Advocacy Fund, focuses on the disadvantages faced by the disabled community in the sphere of human rights and charitable funding. The central argument is that the current system of disability funding is too fragmented, and that only a more holistic approach to funding will be able to cater to the varied needs of people with disabilities across the world

The inclusion of persons with disabilities in financing for development

INTERNATIONAL DISABILITY AND DEVELOPMENT CONSORTIUM (IDDC)
INTERNATIONAL DISABILITY ALLIANCE (IDA)
December 2014

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This policy paper concerns the inclusion of persons with disabilities in financing for development. The paper presents a number of recommendations aimed at increasing inclusion in this area and provides detailed information on background information that leads to these recommendations

Tools and methods for evaluating the efficiency of development interventions

PALENBERG, Markus A
April 2011

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"This report investigates tools and methods for assessing aid efficiency. It explains concepts of efficiency and efficiency analysis and presents a catalogue of 15 methods that can be used to assess the efficiency of aid interventions. Each method is described and characterised. Several general observations and recommendations conclude the report"
BMZ Evaluation Working Papers

Fallen off the agenda? more and better aid needed for Iraq recovery

AGENCY FOR TECHNICAL COOPERATION AND DEVELOPMENT (ATCD)
et al
July 2010

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This policy briefing produced jointly by 17 NGOs provides recommendations to the British government, other EU Member States and the European Commission, on how to build democracy and stability in Iraq. This would be of interest to anyone working in international development and reconstruction in Iraq

Which countries make the fy2009 corruption cut?|a preview into round 6 of millennium challenge account country selection

CRONE, Amy
HERRLING, Sheila
September 2008

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This is an overview of how countries have fared on the World Bank Institute's Control of Corruption indicator. Countries have to pass this governance indicator in order to qualify for assistance from the Millennium Challenge Corp, which is based on the principle that aid is most effective when it reinforces good governance, economic freedom and investments in people

Disabilities among refugees and conflict-affected populations

WOMEN'S COMMISSION FOR REFUGEE WOMEN AND CHILDREN
June 2008

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"This report is the culmination of a six-month project...to address the rights and needs of displaced persons with disabilities, with a particular focus on women (including older women), children and youth. Based on field research in five refugee situations, as well as global desk research, the Women’s Commission sought to map existing services for displaced persons with disabilities, identify gaps and good practices and make recommendations on how to improve services, protection and participation for displaced persons with disabilities"

Policy paper : Poverty, aid and corruption

TRANSPARENCY INTERNATIONAL
June 2007

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This paper focuses on aid and corruption, with a special concentration on corruption in aid that has been committed to poverty reduction. While for some countries aid is a dominant source of finance, in others its role relative to other resources, as well as trade and investments, is limited. The paper seeks to emphasise that development partners - aid providers and aid recipients - have a shared role and responsibility to prevent corruption from reducing aid effectiveness. It closes by presenting a first set of conclusions that could help all stakeholders ensure that their efforts in poverty reduction are not undermined by corruption

Health aid and infant mortality

MISHRA, Prachi
NEWHOUSE, David
2007

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This paper examines the relationship between health aid and infant mortality, using data from 118 countries between 1973 and 2004. Health aid has a statistically significant effect on infant mortality: doubling per capita health aid is associated with a two percent reduction in the infant mortality rate. For the average country, this implies that increasing per capita health aid by US$1.60 per year is associated with 1.5 fewer infant deaths per thousand births. The estimated effect is small, relative to the targets envisioned by the Millennium Development Goals

Strong foundations : early childhood care and education. Education for all monitoring report 2007

United Nations Educational, Scientific And Cultural Organization (UNESCO)
2006

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"This global monitoring report focuses on the first Education for All goal, which calls upon countries to expand and improve early childhood care and education - a holistic package encompassing care, health and nutrition in addition to education. Disadvantaged children stand to benefit the most, yet too few developing countries, and too few donor agencies, have made early childhood a priority." Additional features on the CD-ROM: 1. The report in ten questions 2. Highlights and overview of the 2007 report 3. 2007 summary report 4. Background research papers commissioned for the report 5. Over 90 country profiles on early childhood care and education

Human development report 2005 : international cooperation at a crossroads. Aid, trade and security in an unequal world

WATKINS, Kevin
2005

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The 2005 report takes stock of human development, including progress towards the MDGs. Looking beyond statistics, it highlights the human costs of missed targets and broken promises. Extreme inequality between countries and within countries is identified as one of the main barriers to human development and as a powerful brake on accelerated progress towards the MDGs. The report argues that poverty and inequality need urgent attention. It gives a comparison of life expectancy in various countries and puts forward a case that the response from the international community to HIV/AIDS pandemic has been lacking. The report indicates that child mortality has been on the rise compared to the 1980s when the trend had been reversed

Human rights and humanitarian action : a review of the issues

DARCY, James
HUMANITARIAN POLICY GROUP
April 2004

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This paper considers both analytical and operational approaches to human rights and humanitarian action. It considers whether the demands of human rights doctrine are consistent with the demands of humanitarian principles, arguing that the resolution of questions raised by these considerations is fundamental to the success of operational progress

Guidelines for HIV/AIDS interventions in emergency settings

INTER-AGENCY STANDING COMMITTEE (IASC)
2003

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This document highlights the complex interaction between the HIV and AIDS epidemic and emergency situations, and calls for an integrated response during humanitarian crises. It focuses on the early phase of an emergency and topics covered include: prevention and preparedness; responding to sexual violence and exploitation; food aid and distribution; safe blood supply; condom supply and usage; women, children, orphans and refugees; post exposure prophylaxis; workplace issues; stigma and discrimination. These guidelines were designed for use by authorities, personnel and organisations operating in emergency settings

Tackling poverty in Asia

MOLLETT, Roger
September 2002

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This publication analyses current trends in European Union-Asia development cooperation, political dialogue, and trade and investment flows from the development persepctive. It finds that EU aid to Asia should be increased to reflect the high levels of poverty in the region and be focused on sectors contributing to poverty reduction; that European and Asian governments should engage in political dialogue to establish a common strategy for achieving the UN Millenium Development Goals; and EU trade and agriculture policies should be made consistent with efforts to reduce poverty

Financial resource flows for population activities in 2002

UNITED NATIONS POPULATION FUND (UNFPA)
2002

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Population activities range from family planning programmes, to demographic and contraceptive research and the formulation of family polices. In 2002 primary funds for population assistance reached almost $USD2.9 billion. Crucially, a conspicuous amount of donor expenditures went to STD/HIV/AIDS programmes. The report illustrates in detail the flow of financial resources for population activities in 2002, and shows the extent to which developing countries rely heavily on international aid and loans to finance their programmes

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