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Social capital : a multifaceted perspective

DASGUPTA, Partha
SERAGELDIN, Ismail
Eds
2001

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This collection of essays debates the definition of social capital, broadly understood as the the effect social networks and shared attitudes can have on economic performance, and asks how the concept can be applied to development policy and analysis. Among the questions debated are how do social capital theories help broaden thinking about development?; what impact do informal social networks have on the state and other formal organisations?; and what role does trust play within large organizations? This book is of interest to people seeking a better understanding of social capital and its impact on development efforts

Multi-country evaluation of IMCI effectiveness, cost and impact (MCE) : progress report May 2000-April 2001

WORLD HEALTH ORGANIZATION (WHO). Department of Child and Adolescent Health and Development
2001

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Integrated Management of Childhood Illness (IMCI) is a strategy for improving the health of children. The objectives of the multi-country evaluation (MCE) are to evaluate the impact of the IMCI strategy on child health, and the cost-effectiveness of the strategy. The report provides a summary of the evaluation work to date and directions for the future. The chapters cover the methods used in the MCE, summaries of progress and plans in each of the four countries where the evaluation has taken place, and a list of the products of the MCE in terms of evaluation tools, capacity building and the establishment of new knowledge about IMCI implementation. These demonstrate how the MCE is strengthening the knowledge base and capacity for child health programming in developing countries

The TEHIP 'spark' leads to better health

DALE, Stephen
2001

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This brief based on a case study attempts to explore the linkage between research and policy formation. Looking at some of the achievements of the Tanzania Essential Health Interventions Project (TEHIP), it makes the case that research can contribute to make the health system more cost-effective and help allocate resources according to local needs. The project supported collection of data and developed key tools for planning and organisational changes. Focusing on health systems, health-seeking behaviour and health outcomes, research findings were able to indicate new directions and support the decision making process

Investing in our future : psychosocial support for children affected by HIV / AIDS : a case study in Zimbabwe and the United Republic of Tanzania

FOX, Susan
2001

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The HIV/AIDS epidemic has had an enormous impact on children. Coping with the cumulative impact of over 17 million AIDS deaths on orphans and other survivors, on communities, and on national development is an enormous challenge, especially in African countries with social and health services already reeling from lack of human and financial resources. Hence, this report is intended for people concerned about and working with families affected with HIV/AIDS. Through providing examples of successful interventions being undertaken by organizations in Zimbabwe and the United Republic of Tanzania, the report shares experiences of essential psychosocial support to children who are infected and affected by HIV/AIDS to stimulate new awareness of needs and to open new doors for action. Furthermore, it focuses on what can be done for the child of an infected parent before and after the parent dies, to enable the child to cope better with the situation. Thus, this report illustrates how networking between organizations enables them to collaborate in addressing a variety of children's issues that they could not tackle alone

Collaboration with traditional healers in HIV/AIDS prevention and care in sub-Saharan Africa : a literature review

KING, Rachel
September 2000

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This report gives an update on AIDS and traditional medicine in Africa. It continues to discuss the integration and collaboration of traditional medicine with national health care systems. Eight intervention projects in the resource-constrained settings of sub-Saharan Africa are selected from all interventions involving traditional healers and then compared

Current issues in sector-wide approaches for health development : Tanzania case study

BROWN, Adrienne
2000

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[Publisher's abstract:] A case study of experiences with an advanced sector-wide approach for health development in Tanzania, where a significant number of activities in the health sector are supported by pooled donor funds disbursed through the government system. These funds are integrated into the government budget cycle, with donors increasingly agreeing to make commitments and disbursements in line with government budgetary requirements. The case study opens with an overview of the country's economic, political, and health situation, concentrating on the implications of recent public sector and government reforms. The next section explains the financing, monitoring, and management of the country's sector-wide approach to donor coordination and budgeting. Eight strategies, adopted to improve the availability and quality of essential health services, are also briefly discussed to illustrate how adoption of a sector-wide approach can help tackle inequities in the health system. Having examined key features of the country's advanced sector-wide approach, the case study considers lessons learned and their applicability to similar efforts in other countries. Questions discussed include the importance of government leadership and ownership, the role of donor involvement in joint disbursement procedures, and the extent to which signed agreements can make donor funds more predictable. The study concludes that, despite high aid dependency, government ownership of the programme is growing, and national commitment to sector programmes and public expenditure reform has created a positive environment for expansion. The high costs of transactions and the additional administrative burden imposed on governments remain major problems

Best practices on indigenous knowledge

UNITED NATIONS EDUCATION SCIENCE AND CULTURE ORGANIZATION (UNESCO). Management of Social Transformations Programme (MOST)
NETHERLANDS ORGANIZATION FOR INTERNATIONAL COOPERATION IN HIGHER EDUCATION. Centre for International Research and Advisory Networks (NUFFIC/CIRAN)
Eds
1999

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This publication provides a series of case studies to illustrate how indigenous knowledge (IK) can be used to create sustainable development. It aims to suggest, by example, guidelines for development planning, as the practices described may give policy makers and development practitioners a deeper insight into the ecological and cultural complexity of sustainable development. Includes basic definition of IK and related terms, and indexes by country and theme

The ageing and development report : a summary. Poverty, independence and the world's older people

RANDEL, Judith
GERMAN, Tony
EWING, Deborah
Eds
1999

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This is a summary of a report on the circumstances of older people in developing countries and countries in transition. It has chapters on economic security, health, family and community life, poverty, gender, and emergencies. It also includes information on demographic trends and ageing in specific countries and regions. It is suitable for planners, managers, trainers and students

Safe motherhood initiatives : critical issues

BERER, Marge
SUNDARI RAVINDRAN, T K
REPRODUCTIVE HEALTH MATTERS PROJECT
Eds
1999

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This book raises critical issues arising from the national and international policies, programmes and services whose aim is to prevent maternal mortality and morbidity. It analyses where safe motherhood initiatives stand today, what has been achieved and what remains to be done, and offers perspectives on making pregnancy, childbirth and abortion safer for women in future. The book reviews work in Bangladesh, Indonesia, Kenya, Uganda, Vietnam, India, Tanzania, Mexico, Nigeria, Bolivia, Ghana and South Africa

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