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Gender differences in time use among adolescents in developing countries : implications of rising school enrollment rates

RITCHIE, Amanda
LLOYD, Cynthia B
GRANT, Monica
2004

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Three research questions are addressed in this paper : 1) How does time use change during the transition to adulthood? 2) Does gender role differentiation intensify during the transition? 3) Does school attendance attenuate gender differences? The research addresses significant gaps in the literature, in particular the lack of attention to how time use is affected by school attendance. The study documents differences in time use patterns between students and non-students. Although female adolescent students still work longer hours than male adolescent students, the gender division of labour that typically develops during adolescence is greatly attenuated among students when time spent at work is measured by combining labour market work with noneconomic household work

Girls' education in Kenya

UNITED NATIONS CHILDREN'S FUND (UNICEF)
October 2003

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In January 2003 the Government of Kenya announced the introduction of free primary education. There are still wide gender disparities in some regions but overall children aged 5-8 now have greater access to primary education with girls enrolment at 69% and boys at 68%. Pre-school education age 3-5 years is also occurring within Kenya and pre-school enrolment rate is at 40%. UNICEF is working, among other things, to strengthen education on HIV/AIDS prevention and the care of orphans, and to promote an integrated approach to the implementation of ECD, HIV/AIDS and formal primary and non-formal education sub-projects

State of the world's children 2004 : ­girls, education and development

BELLAMY, Carol
2003

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This year's report focuses on girls' education and its implica- tions for development. It presents the many benefits of educat- ing girls, examines the barriers that keep more girls out of school and the lasting impact such exclusion has on a country's development, details why education is the most effective means of combating many of the most profound challenges to human development and presents concrete and practical recommendations for the way forward

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