This edition of Momentum contains articles on spacing births to reduce pregnancy-related complications, skilled birth attendants, medication to prevent eclampsia, supporting women's reproductive options, and vouchers for reproductive and maternity services
A summary of focus group discussions and exit interviews conducted in a variety of VCT service delivery points, which were held to document whether there is an unmet need for alcohol counselling among VCT clients in Kenya. This research is part of a larger study
"The Community Advocates training manual is a curriculum developed by Population Council, Nigeria under the HIV Prevention Project for Vulnerable Youth in Northern Nigeria funded by USAID/Nigeria. The curriculum was developed as a tool for training community advocates to conduct advocacy activities on the issues of early marriage, HIV/AIDS and reproductive health. The curriculum is developed on the premise that community representatives can speak out on issues concerning their lives and community, if given the necessary skills"
This paper summarises a baseline study on assessing changes in teachers’ knowledge of HIV & AIDS, risk behaviours (e.g., multiple partners and unprotected sex), and utilisation of voluntary counselling and testing. The workplace model will also aim to assist teachers who are infected with and affected by the disease through helping them to identify and access available treatment, care, and support community resources
This article considers the scientific, ethical, political, and logistical challenges faced in Africa and Asia when setting up trails for microbicides that have been developed to assist in preventing the transmission of HIV
This manual was adapted from the Brazilian Program H curriculum and piloted in urban slum communities in India as part of an operations research study aimed at reducing HIV risk among young men by addressing perceptions of gender norms. The manual can be used by health educators, teachers and/or other professionals or volunteers who want to work, or are already working, with young men between 15 and 24 years old. It is divided into four subsections: gender, sexuality and reproductive health, violence, and preventing and living with HIV & AIDS, around each of which there is a series of activities
'The Population Council has developed a novel framework for training providers to deliver client-centered reproductive health services. The essence of the approach is to bring about behaviour change in providers by making them more receptive and responsive to client needs. Further, providers are taught to treat clients with respect and dignity, to assess their reproductive health needs holistically within the context of their household circumstances, and to negotiate solutions that clients are able to implement. Known by the acronym SAHR, this approach involves four interconnected steps: Salutation, Assessment, Help, and Reassurance. Through operations research, SAHR was successfully tested in Pakistan in 2000-02. The training manual describes the SAHR approach and is meant to facilitate training of reproductive health providers in how to offer client-centered services. The manual is written in fairly generic terms and can be used, with slight modifications, in any setting or country. The manual has three sections. Section One, the introduction, is an overview of the contents. Section Two, the trainer's guide, comprises the training modules. Each module describes the individual components of client-provider interaction and includes learning objectives, key learning points, a schedule, and a list of materials required. Trainer notes and step-by-step instructions for each activity are included within each module. Section Three contains support materials to help trainers prepare for the sessions.'
Summary of a study in KwaZulu Natal that used situation analysis methodology, first used in reproductive health research to cover important HIV & AIDS-related issues, including: the availability and quality of voluntary counselling and testing services; the extent of integration of family planning, antenatal care, and sexually transmitted infection services with HIV prevention; and the extent of condom promotion and other HIV prevention strategies
This handbook is designed to help HIV/AIDS researchers develop and write a detailed operations research proposal. The organisation of the handbook follows that of a research proposal, starting with identifying, defining and justifying a research problem, ending with how to prepare a budget. Chapters in between cover research objectives, study design, data tabulation, data analysis and dissemination and utilisation of research findings
Summarises key research and programme findings of the Population Communication Servies (PCS) project of JHU/CCP
Four times a year
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Globalization and Health is an Open Access, peer-reviewed, online journal. It encompasses all aspects of globalization and its effects on public health. Globalization in the journal will refer to economic, political, social and technological processes, which transcend the geopolitical boundaries of the nation-state and have resulted in increased interconnectedness of the world. The journal examines market liberalization, the changing role of nation-state, supra-national structures, poverty and equality, the changing distribution of communicable and non-communicable diseases and the risk factors associated with these diseases, and the growing awareness of our collective responsibility for one another. Global warming, global governance, global public goods for health, equity and justice and a host of related topics are emerging as priorities and illustrate the need for interdisciplinary thinking and debate
Aids Analysis (Southern Africa Edition),was launched by White Publications in 1990 to give coverage to AIDS related issues in South African countrie. In 1998, this publication became available as a 16-page bi-monthly journal focussing on the socio-economic impacts of HIV and AIDS in Africa. AAAO is grappling with issues related to HIV/AIDS and providing the reader with current and credible information, facts and figures relating to the disease and its impact on the world.
Publication ceased in 2010
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