In Nepal, many people live with leprosy-related disabilities. The objective of this stdy was to evalate dierences in socio-economic characteristics, ality of life , perceived stima, activity and participation amon people aected by leprosy as a group and between this group and the general population, and to identify prime determinants of among the leprosy-aected people.
People with leprosy-related disabilities (N=100; 54DGI/46DGII) and community controls (N=100) were selected from Morang district, South-East Nepal, using uota sampling. , perceived stigma and participation and activity limitations were measured using the Nepali abbreviated version of the World Health Organisation Quality of Life (WHOQOL) assessment and the Nepali versions of the Jacoby Scale, Participation Scale and Green Pastures Activity Scale (GPAS), respectively.
Total QOL, participation and activity levels of people aected by leprosy were worse than those of the general population. Regression analysis showed that the ability to maintain a family, satisfaction with health, vocational training, se, activity and participation limitations (the laer for QOL only), perceived stigma and living situation (i.e. joint family, type of house) were signicantly associated with a deterioration in QOL and higher participation restriction in one or both of the grading groups.
There is an urgent need for interventions focused on uic referral of people with leprosy, to minimize the development of visible impairments, and social rehabilitation. The laer can be achieved by creating more public awareness, providing (nancial) support for income generating projects and /or vocational training to leprosy- aected people, and by encouraging them to be involved in all community development activities. The current results indicate that such measures would help improve the uality of life of people with leprosy-related disabilities.