The Medical Missionaries of Mary organisation was established in 1937 and currently works in 12 countries in Africa and South America. The organisation is composed of 400 women of different nationalities, who live in small multicultural religious communities. The organisation places great emphasis on community based healthcare, but also establishes hospitals and health centres. Safe motherhood and care of young infants is of a primary concern. The organisation is also involved in mental health, control of leprosy and HIV & AIDS. HIV & AIDS programmes involve counselling, testing, peer-to-peer education, advocacy, orphan support and guardian programmes.